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Behind the Legends/Season One

Inside the Legend: Pilot


A folk tale with many variations. The most famous is the Mexican story about La Llorona – the Sobbing Woman.

The story takes place long ago when a beautiful Indian princess, Dona Loveros, fell in love with a handsome Mexican nobleman, Don Montescarlos. The princess loved the noblemen deeply and had two children with him, but Montescarlos refused to marry her. When he finally deserted her and married another woman, Dona went mad with rage and stabbed her two children. Authorities found her wandering the street, sobbing, her clothes covered in blood. She was charged with infanticide and sent to the gallows.

Ever since it is said that the ghost of La Llorona walks the country at night in a bloody dress, crying for her murdered children. If she finds any child, she’s likely to carry it away with her to the nether regions, where her own spirit dwells.


Part of the premise of SUPERNATURAL, might not actually be straight forwardly based on the Woman in White. But, instead a combination of the Woman in White and the Urban Legend of the Vanishing Hitchhiker. In this legend a man turns to bid his unusual hitchhiker goodbye and discovers that she has disappeared from the car; he later learns that his mysterious passenger had died several years earlier. There are various versions of this legend: some state that the hitchhiker leaves beyond an object such as a book or scarf, in other versions the hitchhiker disappears when the vehicle drives past a graveyard, and in other variations the hitchhiker is also somewhat of a prophet. According to folklorist Jan Brunvand, the urban legend of the Vanishing Hitchhiker has been around since the time of wagons and horses!


You remember the poltergeist in Amherst, or the devil’s gates in Clifton?


In 1878, Esther Teed, a nineteen year old girl, became a victim to one of the most terrifying hauntings ever recorded in Canadian history. The poltergeist first made it’s presence known through frightening and sickening Esther Teed, to the point in which her body swelled to double its normal size! The poltergeist, who dubbed himself “Bob”, began to write messages on the walls and tormented anyone who attempted to even help her. When the clergy arrived at the house, hoping to rid of the spirit, the haunting only got worse! “Bob” began to make horrifying threats and cause unspeakable violence, he even started spontaneous fires! News spread far and wide of the horror surrounding Esther Teed. The distressed landlord suggested that Esther leave the premises, once she died everything went back to normal. But, “Bob” was not finished yet. When Esther entered a barn house it caught on fire, trapping her inside! Esther eventually got out, facing prosecution of arson. Luckily, through the statements made by her friends and family she was released from her four month jail sentence. And “Bob” was never heard from again.


“There is no better way then to prove one’s courage than by walking straight into the gaping maw of hell- the gates for which can be found in the town of Clifton, in Passaic County. This legendary passage leads to a network of underground tunnels and storm sewers, and some say into the lair of the Evil One himself. It is a very old tunnel with an arched stone ceiling about eight feet high. The light quickly vanishes behind you as you enter, and you are soon enveloped in total darkness. Generations of local teenagers have told stories of what lay deep inside these darkened corridors. (Weird New Jersey)” Rumors state that there are those who enter the Gates of Hell and never come back alive, witnesses claim that satanic rituals taking place in the Gates of Hell is in fact a very common occurrence- even human sacrifice. Tales of a secret room, guarded by a fast human-shaped figure known as Red-Eyed Mike, that leads to a granite manhole portal to hell gives this underground maze a significant place in the world of the supernatural.


For those who have seen the Skeleton Key, this is probably all old news; but for those who haven’t trust me you don’t want to mess with voodoo. Voodoo is a type of folk magic used in New Orleans and the surrounding areas of New Orleans marked by a belief in sorcery, primitive deities, fetishes and magical spells and curses. In Voodoo, objects like roots, gris-gris bags, powders, graveyard dirt, and “poppets” or “voodoo dolls” are employed for magical effect for the purpose of material gain or against an enemy. Be warned.


Halloween originated before the time of Christ, among the Celtic Druids of Gaul and the British Isles. October 31st was the end of the pagan year, the divide between summer and winter. It was also the feast of Samhain, “the lord of death,” who the Pagans used to offer human and animal sacrifices to at the festival of Halloween. It was believed that at this time the veil between the natural and supernatural was thinnest and that the spirits of the dead could enter animals, especially black cats. Satanists still condition this Pagan custom of Halloween. It has also been observed that Halloween is a serious business for the large number of wizards and witches covens in the country today. Also most of the supernatural haunting occur the most on Halloween night. No wonder Sam doesn’t like Halloween.


According to folk lore, the silver bullet is the only weapon capable of killing a witch, a giant, or a person living a charmed or supernatural life- such as a werewolf.


We all know that crosses are used to ward off vampires. But, it is also helpful in warding off demons associated with Satan. Be warned though, if you ever come up against a vampire don’t expect the crucifix to completely rid of the pestilent blood sucker. For a crucifix only works if you believe in it.


Contrary to popular belief, the pentagram is a symbol of Neo-Pagan Witchcraft and NOT Satanism and other malevolent practices. “A pentagram is protection against evil, really powerful.” Often referred to as “the endless knot” the symbol was often placed upon doors, windows, and hearths of houses throughout pre-Christian Europe to ward off all imposing evil spirits. The pentagram can be traced back to early Egypt, Sumerian cultures, and even the Native Americans! An inverted pentagram, on the other hand, does allude to negativity. “Okay, thank you ‘Unsolved Mysteries’.”


Cat’s eyes are used to ward off the power of the “evil eye.” According to folklore and medieval legend, the cat's eye possesses the supernatural power to make its wearer invisible, to ward off all forms of sorcery, protect against financial ruin, and cure all eye ailments, chronic diseases, asthma, and croup.



Inside the Legend: Wendigo


The Wendigo is a very real creature of the northern woods and prairies of Northern Minnesota and North Central regions of Canada. The Wendigo is often encountered by hunters and campers in shadowy forests. But, Kenora, Canada is the place most known for its Wendigo sightings that have well continued into the millennia, earning it the title “Wendigo Capitol of the World.”

The description of a Wendigo is generally the same: incredibly thin, glowing eyes, long yellowed fangs and very long tongues, over fifteen feet tall with sallow yellowish skin. The spirit is said to have a voracious appetite for human flesh, causing the disappearance of various forest dwellers. “They’re hundreds of years old. Each one was once a man. Sometimes an Indian, other times a frontiersman or a miner or a hunter.”

Inuit Indians of the region call the Wendigo by various names, including Witigo, Wikio, and Wee-Tee-Go but each of them are roughly translated to mean “the evil spirit that devours mankind.” Native American versions claim that the Wendigo once had been human but had been transformed into a creature by the usage of dark magic.

According to lore, the Wendigo is created whenever a human resorts to cannibalism. “During some harsh winter a guy finds himself starving, cut off from supplies or help. Becomes a cannibal to survive, eating other members of his tribe or camp. Cultures all over the world believe that eating human flesh gives a person certain abilities. Speed, strength, immortality. If you eat enough of it, over years, you become this less than human thing. You’re always hungry.”

While, according the early settler’s version of the legend, the Wendigo would often be seen as an omen of a death in the community. A Wendigo had allegedly made a number of appearances near a town called Rosesu, in Northern Minnesota, from the late 1800’s though the 1920’s. Each time that it was reported, an unexpected death followed, and finally it was seen no more.

It has been claimed that the Wendigo’s full powers have never been recorded. From what we do know the creature excels at strength and is “a damn near perfect hunter.” It knows every inch of it’s territory, every cave, tree and bush. “More than anything, a wendigo knows how to last long winters without food. It hibernates for years at a time, but when it’s awake it keeps it’s victims alive. It uh, stores them, so it can feed whenever it wants.” It can also control the weather through the use of dark magic! Because of this, the Native American tribes have actively hunted the creature in the past.


Jack Fiddler was perhaps the most famous of the Wendigo hunters. He was a Cree Indian who claimed at least 14 Wendigos in his lifetime! Jack Fiddler’s last murder resulted in his imprisonment at the age of 87. In October 1907, Jack and his son, Joseph, were tried and convicted for the murder of a Cree Indian Woman. Jack admitted that he was guilty of the crime, but to his defense, he stated that the woman was cursed by the spirit of a Wendigo and would eventually murder members of his tribe. Until the end of his days this Native American “Van Helsing” has held true to his conviction that the sacrifice he and his son had made was indeed a noble one.


Wendigos are notoriously hard to kill. “This thing is a good hunter in the day, but an unbelievable hunter at night.” The Wendigo have few weakness, as far as weapons are concerned it can only be killed by iron, steel and silver. The most gruesome method of disposal is by shattering the creature’s ice heart with a silver stake and then dismembering the body with a silver axe.


"Anasazi symbols. It’s for protection. The wendigo can’t cross over them."

650 years ago, an entire civilization and culture vanished without a trace; this is the mystery of the Anasazi and it has puzzled many archeologists over the years. Causing “absurd” theories of this mysterious disappearance to sprout up, especially among New Age and UFO groups. After over 20 years of arduous research, archeologists now believe they hold the answer. The ancestors of the Anasazi came to Angel Canyon at least 10,000 years ago and they had become a peaceful farming society. But, modernization brought about its destruction. Society soon became centralized as political/religious leaders took control, built roads to outlying the colonies and trade routes to other civilizations. Then, about 800 years ago the economy collapsed, the land had become overworked and the leaders became tyrannical. The Anasazi moved their homes into caves high in the cliff walls and prepared to defend themselves. To add to the troubles was a gang of roaming Toltec outlaws that often invaded their small communities, terrorizing, murdering and even eating members of the Anasazi tribe! Rather than fight back, the Anasazi responded with a mass exodus- just walking away and leaving their troubles behind them. The Anasazi migrated South, eventually building a new culture and religion that we know as the Hopi.

“The claws, the speed that it moves, could be a skin walker, maybe a black dog.”


The Black Dog lurks in graveyards, roads and moors throughout Britain and Europe. They are littered throughout fairy tales, found in the music of Robert “the man who gave his soul to the devil” Johnson, and even Sir Arthur Doyle’s HOUND OF THE BASKERVILLES. But, what exactly is this creature that strikes fear into the heart of millions?

The Black Dogs are of supernatural origin, often said to be a phantom, ghost, fairy creature, or an elemental force, that mysteriously appears and disappears bringing fear, chaos and sometimes death! The Black Dogs are rumored to have many dark agendas: prophecy, revenge, bloodlust, the hunt or merely a warning. These dark and foreboding creatures are most commonly found in Britain and Europe, and go by many names: Barghest, Galleytrot, Hell Hound, Padfoot, Shuck, Snarleyow, Striker, Trash, Wish or Whist Hound, Yell or Yelp Hound- to name a few. Black Dogs can either be pitch black with burning red eyes, or ghostly white with red ears.

Sometimes, such as in the widely spread legend in Europe of The Hunt, these Black Dogs are joined by Lucifer himself! The common prey of these Hell Hounds are unwary humans wandering around on a dark and stormy night. It is also believed that the Hunt is chasing the souls of the recently-deceased unbaptised, with the intention of retrieving them for Hell!

When encountering a Black Dog, there are various ways to escape. An iron horseshoe, is it’s most common weakness- due to the iron, known for warding off spirits, and the horseshoe’s crescent moon appearance that invokes a powerful feminine protective magic. Another useful item of the trade, is a pocketful of iron fillings or salt that can be flung into the path of the Hunt and will distract it from its course. In some legends, the Hunt is foiled when its prey crosses running water.

Most Black Dogs, such as the ‘Grim,’ guard cemeteries and scare off any unwanted visitor past dark. While other Black Dogs, often prefer roads and pathways as their haunts. It is a rare occasion to run into these Hell Hounds in urban environments, but there have been documented sightings in the York alleyways.


"The other people that went missing that year…those bear attacks too?"

Skin-walkers are perhaps best documented among the beliefs of the Navajo tribes. The Navajo believe that the Skin-walker, more commonly referred to as Yenaldooshi, is an evil human being who has gained the supernatural power to assume the form of an animal through breaking cultural taboo. More specifically, a person is said to gain the power of a Skin-walker by murdering a close relative. Skin-walkers are often described as naked wanderers, who wear nothing but the skin of an animal, wandering the community by night spreading misery and desecration everywhere they go. Skin-Walkers are also often found in Norse folklore, that speak of a person who can travel in the shape of an animal to learn secrets and take on certain animalistic traits. The most common example, found in Norse folklore, of a Skin-Walker is that of a warrior who takes on the strength and stamina of a bear!


Arrows that are tipped in silver are effective in killing vampires, and other supernatural creatures who are vulnerable to silver, such as the Wendigo.



Inside the Legend: Dead in the Water


The village of Ola’a on the Big Island of Hawaii is a quiet community. In 1947, while neighborhood kids were playing on the shore of the local pond, one of them fell in and disappeared beneath the surface of the water. The boy, whose name was Tanaka, did not resurface. His companions rushed to find help, and when the divers entered the water, they were disturbed by what they saw.

The dead boy at the bottom of the pond, sitting upon a rock with his arms at his sides. His eyes and mouth were open. His body was swaying back and forth along the currents. It was as if he had calmly sat down on the rock and waited to die. The divers retrieved the corpse, and everyone tried to put the strange and tragic death behind them.

But, the drowned boy refused to let them forget. People who traveled by the pond complained that something would tug at the bottom of their pants as they walked. Rumors spread that the boy’s spirit is trapped beneath the dark waters and tries to pull unsuspecting victims into his watery grave.


“On some evenings the villagers could hear a cry emanate from the pond in the middle of the night. At first most everyone believed that the haunting cry was the wind blowing through the tall sugar cane fields. But a few of the older people said they knew the spirit of the Tanaka boy- cold, wet, and desolate at the bottom of the pond. The soul was crying out for help and deliverance. Trapped in this world by accident, he sought someone’s spirit as a substitute. They would take his place at the bottom of the pond so that he could be free to go to the otherworld.

“Those who were present at the second accident swear that the other boy was pulled into the water against his will. It was the noon hour. He was walking about 50 yards behind his father along the edge of the pond, occasionally picking up a flat stone to skim across the water. When he fell, he screamed out to his father that something was pulling him into the pond. He clawed at the earth, trying to hold on, to fight back. But in what seemed like an instant, the force tugging at his legs pulled him into the watery depths of the pond. By the time the young boy’s body had been located, it was found sitting naturally on a rock on the bottom of the pond. He seemed so natural sitting there- arms placidly at his side, eyes and mouth open, swaying gently to and fro in a light current. Fortunately, the rescuers were able to bring him back to the surface in time to be resuscitated.

“A Shinto priest was brought from Hilo to bless the waters, and the haunting cries finally ceased. Yet, on peculiarly dark nights when the evening skies seem bathed in black ink, those who live closest to the pond say that they sometimes hear the Tanaka boy’s cry. But are the cries melancholy or sinister? And will the Tanaka boy ever find peace?”

“So what, we got a lake monster on a binge?”


Nessie, a giant lake monster, supposedly inhabits Scotland’s Loch (Lake) Ness. Nessie is the world’s best known cryptozoological creature and has been sighted as far back as 656 AD. Nessie is described as being anywhere from twenty to fourty feet long, with two humps, a tail and a snakelike head. Nessie’s movements have been studied, and many films and photos analyzed, to determine what Nessie might be, if she exists. For the last seventy years or so, since she began receiving regular publicity, Nessie has been a huge tourist attraction.

There are numerous theories as to Nessie’s identity, including a snake-like primitive whale known as a Zeuglodon, a long-necked aquatic seal, giant eels, walruses, floating plants, giant mollusks, otters, mirages and diving birds, but many lake monster researchers seem to favor the plesiosaur theory. The case has been occasionally supported by indistinct photographic evidence, though a famous 1934 photograph was revealed to be a hoax.


Something extraordinarily unusual calls America’s sixth largest freshwater lake home. Champ sightings are ancient, predating even the European arrival on this continent. The Abenaki spoke of a creature, known as the Totoskok, that periodically showed itself to hunters and fishing parties in the vicinity of Lake Champlain.

The first record of a Champ sighting by a European dates from 1609, by the man who “discovered” the lake itself: Samuel de Champlain. In his travel log he mentions seeing in the lake a large, strange creature, some twenty feet long and as thick as a barrel. Literally hundreds of people have claimed to have spotted the beast over the centuries.

The Plattsburg newspaper in the summer of 1819, told of one captain’s sighting of the infamous monster. This article sprung up thousands of relatively similar stories each differing in the predicted size of the creature, continuing into the twentieth century. Most of these sightings were around dusk, leading to the belief that Champ could be nocturnal. However, as time went on the Champ sightings have gotten less lively and reports of sightings became few and far between.

Until, in 1977 when the Mansi family witnessed Champ and took photographs that through tests have proven to be authentic documentation of the “monster” of Lake Champlain. Once the Mansi photographs came to light, many people came forward, telling of their encounters with Champ.

Whether there is some unidentified animal species living in Lake Champlain or not, four centuries of folklore have sprung out of the belief that a monster lives among us. From the Native Americans who hunted along Champlain’s shores to the modern Americans who vacation there, belief in Champ is still alive and well.


The idea of Water Wraiths originated in Scotland. A wraith is thought to be an apparition- a specter, a vision, an unreal image- and a Water Wraith is a spirit thought to preside over the waters. They supposedly take the form of skinny, old women with scowling features who dress in green. The Water Wraiths try to lure unsuspecting travelers to their death by drowning them.


It is a widely held belief that children are capable of having a stronger link to the world of the supernatural. One of the theories on why this might be is that many children have not yet been fully “programmed” into believing that ghosts are not real. A couple of ‘common’ occurrences around a child is that of having an “imaginary friend” or seeing the “boogey man” lurking from within a closet. Over the years, parents tell their children such key phrases as “there’s no such things in ghosts” and “it was just a bad dream.” Which consequently results in adults who program their thinking and refuse certain images, noises, and feelings as real simply because it is “impossible” or unproven science.



Inside the Legend: Phantom Traveler


Phantom Travelers are spirit travelers who are ghosts of humans and sometimes animals. These travelers are known to haunt particular roadways or modes of transportation. There have been reports of Phantom Travelers on roads, boats, planes, trains, and stations associated with all modes of transport. Some Phantom Travelers even appear as hitchhikers on lonely back roads.

Phantom Travelers haunt specific locations and types of transportation due to a tragedy associated with those routes or vehicles. There have been reports of these travelers dating back to the 1600s in Europe and Russia, and they are still believed to exist today. All the reports about Phantom Travelers have one thing in common- the spirits appear from nowhere and can just as suddenly disappear.


Flight 401 was an Eastern Airline Tri-Star Jetliner “that crashed [into a Florida swamp on December 1972] and the airline savaged some of its parts, put it in other planes. Then the spirits of the pilot [Bob Loft] and copilot [Don Repo] haunted those flights.” The apparitions of Loft and Repo were described as being extremely lifelike and not only were incidents reported by people who had known Loft and Repo, but their ghosts were also identified from photographs by people who had never known the men!



Demons in Japanese lore wander between the living and the dead; some Demons do good, and some wreak havoc. Demons have supernatural powers, but they also have the magical ability to affect natural phenomena. “According to Japanese beliefs, certain demons are behind certain disasters, both natural and man-made. One causes earthquakes, another causes disease.”


In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon is a supernatural being that is generally described as being a malevolent spirit. “I mean Demons- they don’t want anything just death and destruction for it’s own sake.” A demon is frequently depicted as a force that may be conjured and possibly controlled.


Many passages in the Christian scriptures describes the belief that demons can indwell or posses a human being and cause them to behave strangely. Much mental and physical illness was attributed to this origin in earlier eras.


Exorcism is the act of driving out or warding off demons from persons, places, or things that are possessed or infested by them, or are liable to become victims or instruments of their malice. During the exorcism ritual, a solemn and authoritative adjuration of the demon is applied, in the name of God or any of the high powers to which the demon is subject.


One of the official books of the Roman Rite. The Rituale Romanum was first published in the 17th century under Pope Paul V and was left untouched until two minor revisions were added in 1952. The Rituale Romanum is the only formal exorcism rite sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church.


In the Catholic Church, holy water is “water blessed by the priest with solemn prayer, to beg God’s blessing on those who use it and protection from the powers of darkness.”


The presence, and especially the smell, of sulfur is closely associated with the presence of demons. There are tales of “sulfur-breathing demons,” and other demons are thought to live in pits of sulfur and fire in hell.


“It’s an EMF detector. Reads Electromagnetic Frequencies.” EMF detectors measure the derivative (rate of change) of the surrounding magnetic field; thus, these meters are sensitive to changing magnetic fields (field with a frequency above 0 hertz). Most EMF meters are most sensitive to frequencies of about 30-10,000 hertz, while some have a wider response.

Paranormal investigators and ghost hunters use EMF meters while conducting investigations. Unusual activity in the form of high readings on these meters signifies that there is some type of paranormal activity, such as the presence of a ghost or another supernatural creature.


“Forty days, and forty nights” describes the period for which rain fell during Noah’s flood
The period Moses spent on Mt. Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments
The period Christ spent in the wilderness
In Western Christian cultures, Lent lasts for forty days
The usual number of days in the time of mourning in Muslim cultures
The number of days after death for which the ghosts of the dead hang around the site of their death, according to Russian belief


Inside the Legend: Phantom Traveler Part 2



Rituale Romanum, also referred to as “The Ritual,” is one of the official books of the Roman Rite. It contains all of the services performed by a priest that were not included in the Missal and Breviary, including some that were. It was first written in 1614 under Pope Paul V.


Rituale Romanum is a priest’s official and only formal manual on the exorcism rite sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church. It does not include a definite procedure for performing an exorcism. Instead it cautions priests against performing exorcisms on those who may not be possessed. The Rituale Romanum also contains instructions for the exorcism of homes and other places believed to be infested by demons and spirits. Due to an advancement in medical science and the expansion of knowledge on mental illnesses in the early fifties, the Rituale Romanum was revised changing the terminology of "are the signs of” to “might be the signs of” demonic possession.


The second major revision to the rite came in January 1999, due to the film The Exorcist. The Exorcist premiered in 1973. Cinemas had ambulances standing by to deal with the hysteria, and Catholic Churches reported an increase demand for confessions. A church in Washington received 40 requests for exorcisms after the film’s release! At the Vatican Council, in January 1999, Cardinal Jorge Artura Medina updated Rituale Romanum to carry a warning that priests must make sure that the victim is suffering from demonic or spiritual possession before performing the exorcism.



The act of performing exorcisms can be traced back through history. The Christian tradition originally came from Babylon, during the times of Jesus. Jesus would use exorcisms to cure the sick. Over the next centuries, as Christianity spread so did the act of performing exorcisms. By the Middle Ages in Europe, blessings were used to protect crops, houses, and possessions, while exorcism was seen as a kind of ritual purification. Also during the middle ages, large crowds would gather to watch witches being exorcised through torture.


Baptism in fact also reflects these earlier beliefs. Baptism is performed to “drive out” the original sin. Immersion in water during baptism used to symbolize the descent into the Devil’s domain and re-emergence into the light of Christ’s presence.


The symptoms of a possessed person are as follows: individual contains paranormal capacities, superhuman strength, manifests knowledge of previously unknown languages, and is accompanied by extreme revulsions for sacred texts and objects.


The process of performing an exorcism has been built upon over the years. It is best for a priest to purge himself of all his sins before performing an exorcism, due to the chance that the demon may use his sins against him. When reciting the exorcism the priest may use his “mother tongue,” but Latin is most effective. Throughout the exorcism recitations of the cross are made, scriptures are read, and hands are laid upon the victim. The exorcist calls upon the demon, or spirit, to make itself known and to yield to Jesus Christ and leave the victim in peace.

There are usually three people in the room with the exorcist. A young priest stands by to train in the performance of an exorcism and to take over if necessary. A medical physician stands guard in case the exorcist needs help with the victim and to give the victim medication. The third person in the room is a physically strong family member, typically if it’s a female victim a female family member aids in order to prevent a scandal from occurring.

The steps of an exorcism are as follows:
1) The Exorcist is robed in surplice and violet stole, one end of which is placed around the neck of the possessed person, bound if it is violent
2) Exorcist sprinkles those present with holy water.
3) The Litany
4) Psalm 54 (Save me, O God, by Thy Name)
5) Adjuration imploring God’s grace for the proposed exorcism
6) The Gospel (John I; and/or Mark XVI; Luke X; Luke XI)
7) Preparatory Prayer
8) First exorcism
9) Prayer for success and making signs over the demoniac
10) Second exorcism
11) Prayer for success
12) Third and final exorcism

Exorcisms and demons are not just a figment of our imagination, they exist. The Roman Catholic Church has acknowledged their presence and the power that they can have over an individual. The unknown and supernatural does exist, just waiting to be discovered. The truth is out there.

Inside the Legend: Bloody Mary


It’s hard to come up with an answer to the question of who is Bloody Mary. “I mean, there’s like 50 versions of who she actually is. One story says she’s a witch, another says she’s a mutilated bride, there’s a lot more.” The avenging spirit goes by many names: Bloody Mary, Bloody Bones, Hell Mary, Mary Worthington, and Mary Jane - just to list a few. There are some versions that even state that the Mary of legends is the Virgin Mary herself- be it without the violence, of course. On the opposite end of the spectrum, others believe that either the Devil appears or that Bloody Marry is either Satan’s daughter, sister, or wife!


The precise requirements for the ritual vary. The two most common elements in the ritual are the mirror in the darkened room and repeating a chant a certain number of times. Some versions state that Bloody Mary only comes on a specific day, whiles others may include splashing water on the mirror, rubbing your eyes or holding a knife. In some variations of the legend, it is said that if you walk by a mirror in total darkness, regardless of whether you are trying to summon her or not, Bloody Mary will get you.

There are many possible phrases that may be included in this chant: “Bloody Mary,” “Kathy come out,” “I (don’t) believe in Mary Worth,” “Bloody Mirror,” and “Bloody Mary I have your baby.” Sometimes the invocation is saying the Lord’s prayer backwards.

Some rituals often include the act of lighting candles, spinning around in circles, or holding hands. The act of lighting candles is often associated with magic. Spinning around in circles seems like both an aspect of certain old witchcraft spells and also a way to make you disoriented. And holding hands is common to seances and similar ghostly events.


“Everywhere all over the country, kids will play Bloody Mary, and as far as we know, no one dies from it.” There are variations on what Bloody Marry does to the summoner/s. Some say that she scratches you with her fingernails and claws, sometimes Bloody Mary tears off your face with her teeth! In other variations of the legend, Bloody Mary uses a weapon to either attack you with, kill you with or to make you commit suicide! Sometimes she may even trap you in the mirror. Bloody Mary also is known to pull a person’s eyes out!

Sometimes there isn’t any violence involved in the encounter. It may be that you just see her reflection in the mirror. But, she may also be compelled to answer any questions you have for her.

Sometimes nobody shows up and the water in the bathtub will turn into blood, or you'll see scars on your body that aren't there, or you can see into the future, or sometimes you'll even get toys or candy.


“There’s a lot of folklore about mirrors-that they reveal all your lies, all your secrets, that they’re a true reflection of your soul, which is why it’s bad luck to break them.”

There is a great deal of folklore associated with mirrors, including the belief that the soul projects out of the body and into mirrors in the form of reflection. This belief underlies the most widely known mirror superstition: that breaking a mirror brings seven years of bad luck. Many cultures believe that breaking a mirror also breaks the soul of the one who broke it. The soul, angered at being hurt, exacts seven years of bad luck in payment for such carelessness. The Romans attributed the bad luck to their belief that life renews itself every seven years. To break a mirror meant breaking one’s health and this could not be remedied for seven years.

In some cultures, breaking a mirror was thought to foretell a death in the family. This association with mirrors with death is common and stems from the belief that the soul can become trapped in the mirror. For this reason, children were often not allowed to look in a mirror until they were at least one year old. Mirrors were covered during sleep and illness so that the soul, in its wanderings, would not become trapped and unable to return to the body. After death, mirrors were also covered to prevent the soul of the newly departed from becoming caught in the mirror, delaying its journey to the afterlife.



Inside the Legend: Skin


Shapeshifting, also known as transformation and transmogrification, is a change in the form or shape of a person, especially a change from human form to animal form or a change in appearance from one person to another.

“Every culture in the world has a shapeshifter lore- legends of creatures who can transform themselves into animals or other men.” Usually, the animal involved in the transformation is indigenous to or prevalent in the area from which the story derives. It is worthy to note that while the popular idea of a shapeshifter is of a human being who turns into something else, there are numerous myths about animals that can transform themselves as well.



Vulcan Mind-meld is a term from the television show “Star Trek.” The procedure known as a mind-meld involves physical contact with a subject, making it possible to share thoughts, experiences, memories and knowledge with another individual. On the show, the Vulcan race can perform mind melds with members of most other species, including humans.


In mythology, werewolves are entities that are human but shape shift into wolf form during certain lunar timeframes. This phenomenon is also referred to as lycanthropy, from Greek lykoi, “wolf” and athropos, “man.” The change from man to wolf is held to be possible by witchcraft or magic, and can be voluntary or forced by certain cycles of the moon and certain sounds (such as howling).

In some folklore, werewolves are immune from aging and most physical diseases. They can be killed by any wound that destroys the heart or the brain or by any form of death that causes brain or heart damage (such as hanging or other oxygen-deprived methods).



A doppelganger is a ghostly double of a living person, adapted from the German word translating to “double walker.” The term refers to any double of a person, most commonly in reference to a so-called evil twin. The word is also used to describe a phenomenon in which you catch your own image out of the corner of your eye. In some mythologies, seeing one’s own doppelganger is a death omen. A doppelganger seen by friends or relatives of a person may bring bad luck or is an indication of approaching illness.



A Scottish word, first used in England in 1513. A wraith is an apparition, vision, or double of another living person. Its appearance is commonly seen as an omen that the person being doubled is about to die. This double is indistinguishable from the real person and can interact with others just as the real person would.


Pets have always been known to: wait at the door when their owners arrive home, warn of approaching danger long before humans perceive signs of warning, take to the liking or disliking to people for no apparent reason, have the ability to see ghosts, and are able to predict a natural disaster such as a hurricane or earthquake before it even begins! It is believed that Animals live on a psychic or instinctual level and do not have reason or the same level of awareness or consciousness that humans have.

There are many problems with detecting animal psi. One problem is that it is hard to determine whether the human researcher’s psychic powers are affecting results- ie are they measuring the animal’s psychic abilities, or the researcher’s results. It is also hard to tell which psychic power is being tested. Is a dog's ability to be waiting at the door when their owner comes home (even if the time varies from day to day) an example of precognition (awareness of future events) or telepathy (reading their owner's mind)?

There are psychics who claim to be able to communicate with animals and heal them. These “pet psychics” also give advice on the animal’s physical and mental state, have been known to find lost animals, and have the ability to communicate with the spirits of dead animals. One famous psychic, Sonya Fitzpatrick, has her own TV show on the Animal Planet channel where she communicates with animals, diagnoses illnesses and reveals concerns the animals may have.


Thought forms/ Psychic projections are nonphysical entities that exist in the mental or astral plane and are created purely from thought. Every thought generates vibrations in the aura’s mental body, which assumes a floating form and colors depending on the nature and intensity of the thought. These thought-forms are usually seen by clairvoyants and may be intuitively sensed by others.

Theosophists and clairvoyants place thought-forms in three classifications: the image of the thinker; the image a material object associated with the thought; and an independent image expressing the inherent qualities of the thought. Thoughts of a low nature, such as anger, hate, lust, and greed create thought-forms that are dense in color and form. Thoughts of a more spiritual nature generate forms possessing a greater purity, clarity and refinement.

Thought-forms can be directed towards anyone, but to be effective they must latch onto a similar vibration from the other person’s aura. If they are unable to do so, they can boomerang back to the sender. Thus, one who directs evil towards another runs the risk of having it return.



Inside the Legend: Hookman


“Every urban legend has a source. A place where it all began.” Both the Hook Man and The Boyfriend’s death possibly spawned from actual true crimes! It was not uncommon for a guy and a girl to go to Lover’s Lane to make out. But, what you maybe didn’t know was that some of these teenagers were caught off guard and murdered by an unknown killer. The residue of news stories about those events would likely remain around for a while, mutating into cautionary tales with the addition of bloody hooks and scraping sounds on the roof of the car.


The Hook is an urban legend that began widely circulating in the 1950s. There are many variations, but the basic story is the same. It begins when a teenage boy takes his unsuspecting date to Lover’s Lane for a make-out session. While there, they hear a report of a murderer who has escaped from a nearby insane asylum; the newscaster says everyone should be on the lookout for this crazy man, who has a hook in place of his right hand. The girl becomes frightened- especially when the couple hears a strange scratching sound coming from outside the car- but her date insists everything is fine and tries to continue making out. The girl resists, and eventually the boy relents and drives her home. When they arrive back at the girl’s house, the girl exits the car and begins screaming hysterically. When her date exits the car as well, he sees a bloody detached hook embedded in the roof of the car- and realizes that the Hook Man would have scratched through the interior of the car had they stayed at Lover’s Lane any longer.


The Boyfriend’s Death is another Urban Legend, often connected to that of The Hook. This was the Hook Man legend that the episode was based on. A teenage guy and his date go to Lover’s Lane and park their car under a tree. They begin to make out, until they hear a noise coming from outside the car! The boy tells the girl that he is going to go check it out and orders her to stay in the car just in case. The girl complies, while in the car the she begins to hear scraping sounds on the roof of the car! Sometimes the girl stays inside the car, while other versions of the legend say that she exits the vehicle wanting to see what was causing the noise. Upon looking back, the girl sees such a grotesque image that her hair turns white with horror! In the American version of the legend the girl witnesses her boyfriend, murdered, hanging from a limb on the tree above and his feet hitting against the car. In the European version of the same legend, the girl sees the murderer himself, holding the boyfriend's decapitated head in one hand and tapping on the roof of the car with his fist or bloody axe! The earliest documented instance of this urban legend was collected in 1964 from a freshman at the University of Kansas.


This urban legend, contrary to the episode, has no connection to the hook man once so ever. The means in which it is used, however, does closely correlate to the story of the episode. The legend basically states that a female college student returns to her dorm room late one evening and discovers that her roommate has been murdered. Depending on which version of the urban legend you hear: sometimes she comes back to the dorm room to pick up a sweater, sometimes to pick up her books, or just to check up on things. While in another variation, the female college student is not the first to arrive at the dorm room and instead she returns to find the police already surveying the crime scene. In another variation of the legend the female college student comes home late, she finds all the lights are out and assumes her roommate is already asleep; the next morning, when she wakes up, the girl is horrified to discover that her roommate has been viciously slaughtered- and written above her body, in her own blood, are the words “Aren’t you glad you didn’t turn on the lights?”


An angel is an ethereal creature who assists and serves God or the gods of many religious traditions. In the Christian bible, angels are portrayed as powerful and dreadful, endowed with wisdom, correct in their judgment, holy, but not infallible. When their duties are punitive, they are known as avenging angels and are mentioned in verses such as II Sam xxiv, 15, in which an angel annihilates thousands on God’s command. These avenging angels are used by God to punish men for their sins.


“One freaked out witness who didn’t see anything? Doesn’t mean it’s the Invisible Man.”



A rock salt gun is a nonlethal weapon. Rock salt ammunition is often used by police to control crowds or riots. Spirit hunters also use Rock Salt Guns as a defense against ghosts and other supernatural spirits. The fired salt alone will not destroy the spirit, but does act as a deterrent, forcing the spirit to dissipate briefly.


Ghosts, spirits, and other supernatural beings often leave behind evidence of their presence. One type of evidence is ozone, which is a poisonous unstable gaseous form of oxygen, formed from diatomic oxygen by electric discharge or exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Ozone can be detected by its smell. The stronger the smell, the stronger the spirit’s presence. Ability to smell ozone differs from person to person, but most people can smell it at about .015 ppmv. Ozone is also the primary cause in the scent that precedes a rainstorm.



Inside the Legend: Bugs


Swarms of bugs have always been connected to the supernatural. One such occurrence is the flies surrounding the windows of Amityville during the 28 days of horror. In the bible, a swarm of locusts comprised the eighth plague in the story of the plagues of Egypt. In the book of Revelation locusts with scorpion tails and human faces are said to torment unbelievers for five months when the fifth trumpet sounds. And, creepily enough, according to Plato’s “Phaedrus Socrates”, locusts were once human!



During the 1700’s, the Euchee Indians moved into Walton County and lived around Bruce Creek and Choctawhatchee Bay. Scottish settlers soon came to the area and befriended the Euchees. The influential chief of the tribe, Timpoochee Kinnard, was a great friend with Colonel Neill McKinnon, one of the Scottish settlers. Before long, however, there was an influx of more settlers who changed the peaceful coexistence of the land. The new settlers did not respect the Euchee way of life, land was burned, and deer were hunted. Kinnard, finally tired of all the conflict, decided to move his people far away from all “the bad and wasteful people.” There is no written account of what ever happened to them, but it is said that they settled in the Everglades. It is believed that Euchee tribe eventually became part of the Seminoles.


Forming a psychic connection between animals and humans is possible. The connection is based on frequency, to psychically tune in with an animal- one must adjust their frequency to that of the animal. Animals often try to connect with us in the same way that they connect with each other. As far back as ancient times animals have always been part of our experience - most notably cats and birds in ancient civilizations. We just need to be open to them.


Telepathy is the declared inborn skill of humans and other creatures to exchange information from one mind to another, without speech or body language. It is often connected to various paranormal paraphernalia such as precognition, clairvoyance, and empathy and is probably the most “paranormal subject” holding the greatest interest.


According to mysticism and mythology, elementals are creatures (usually a spirit) composed of or attuned to air, earth, fire and water. The elements balance each other out through opposites: water quenches fire, fire boils water, earth contains air, air erodes earth. Water spirits are called underlings, earth spirits gnomes, air spirits sylphs, and fire spirits salamanders.


The practice of using a bow and arrow to shoot. Bowhunting has been historically used in hunting and combat, and has become a precision sport.



Inside the Legend: Home


There are many haunted houses around the world and cases exist in every type of home, whether it be a decaying European feudal castle or a suburban house, the effects are usually the same. Ostensibly it may be populated by ghosts, ghouls, witches, poltergeists, or even demons. Many people report physical changes in haunted places, especially a feeling of a presence accompanied by a temperature drop and hearing unaccountable sounds. Since a poltergeist may be the cause of a haunted house, they share many of the same traits such as unaccountable noises and objects moving with no visible means of locomotion. The key feature of a haunted house, however, is the presence of one or more ghosts, often due to a murder or other tragic death having occurred on the property, or to an owner of the house elsewhere, at some time in the past.


A poltergeist is a type of uncontrolled psychokinesis, that is widely believed to be an invisible ghost that interacts with others by moving and influencing inanimate objects. The earliest accounts of poltergeist activity go all the way back to ancient Egypt! There are many poltergeist activities: sounds of thumps, knocks, and footsteps, objects being thrown around the room or furniture being moved, a bed shaking, and in some cases a person is even known to levitate! Some poltergeists tend to occur around a single person, often called an agent or a focus.


Sensitive to the “aura” of a person, psychics are able to access information from the emotional, physical and spiritual parts of the auric field which contains all the information about a person’s life. Psychics use their natural gift to be aware of body language, facial expression, etc. and from that they can compute potential events and make plausible predictions. Able to “sense” on a purely material level, psychics are not able to “tune in to the spirit world, except by accident. All mediums are psychics, but not all psychics are mediums. They use tarot cards, runes, palmistry, etc. as tools.


Based on elements of Voodoo, Appalachian folk magic, and related traditions, Hoodoo is a 200-year old practice of magic. A gris-gris bag is a type of Hoodoo charm.


A Gris-Gris bag is a small cloth bag that people carry for good luck or to ward off evil. It usually contains a mixture of one or more of the following: herbs, oils, stones, bones, hair, nails, or other personal items. In New Orleans, the traditional headquarters of American Voodoo, many people carry gris-gris bags for protection but they can also be used to cause someone bad luck.


The Angelica Root (also known as Holy Ghost Root, Archangel Root) is believed to be a very powerful guardian and healer, that also provides strength to women. It is used by many to ward off evil and bring good luck to health and family, some might even keep the root near their baby in a white flannel bag. If put in a blue flannel bag with lavender, this root is thought to bring peace to a marriage. In America, it is commonly found in African-American mojo bags prepared for protection from evil, for uncrossing and to break a jinx. In powdered form, the Angelica Root is an ingredient in sachet powders used for healing and blessing. It may also be dusted on magic candles used for protection and prayer in matters of spiritual peace and blessing.


Van Van is an old hoodoo formula for oil, incense, sachet powders, and washing products that are intended to get rid of evil, provide magical defense, change bad luck to good, as well as strengthen other charms. It is the most popular of the New Orleans hoodoo recipes. As a good luck enhancer, it is closely associated with both the rabbit foot and the lodestone.


Crossroads are widely linked to magic, and are said to be haunted by various entities who take joy in confusing travelers. Visited by ghosts, activities or demons, the Devil, witches and fairies, the meeting and parting of ways can also be used to conjure up the same spirits who appear there. Also, the shape of the crossroads can be used in protection against these Spirits who appear at crossroads every All Hallows Eve and at other times it can be conjured up to appear there. Also, the very shape of crossroads is in some lore protection against the spirits alleged to haunt the places.


There are thousands of cases in North America where cattle have been found mutilated under abnormal circumstances. Marked with florescent paint, drained of blood, cows have been found dead, with the cause of death unknown. These cattle have laser cuts and certain organs surgically removed from their bodies, often their reproductive and retinal organs. Not only will scavengers not touch the carcasses, but abnormally high radiation levels have been found around these areas as well, with zero traces of footprints, but clamp marks suggesting the cattle were taken from habitats to be mutilated.


Inside the Legend: Asylum


“Don’t be afraid. I’m going to help you. I’m going to make you all better.”

There has always been torture in insane asylums. Most of this torture was unintentional, but nonetheless many that were “treated” during the early age of the insane asylums were possibly worse off than when they had first entered. Before 1750, attitudes towards the mentally ill were simplistic. Some even believed that those of mental health problems were being “possessed by devils”! A lot of this “treatment” included ice cold baths and ‘restraining chairs.’ The first asylums were little more than places where the mentally challenged were removed from mainstream society, in the same manner a jail would for criminals. The first known psychiatric hospital, Bethlem Royal Hospital, was infamous for its harsh treatments of the insane; and in the 18th century they allowed visitors to pay a penny to observe their patients as a form of "freak show”. In the late 20th century drug-induced sleep, comas and even deliberately triggered epileptic fits were all tried on schizophrenics. The most controversial physical therapy of the 20th century was the lobotomy which involved drilling through the skull and destroying the frontal lobes of the brain. This often resulted in destroying the patients sense of judgment and social skills.


Upon first walking into the asylum, you see piles of rubble from the slowly cracking ceilings and desecrated walls. The floor is covered with broken glass from doors and windows. And every door is open or broken off and lying on the floor. The windows that once let in light are now boarded up. And beneath you there are dark tunnels linking the buildings. Welcome to Philadelphia State Hospital. Home to Satanists and dangerous homeless squatters. There are many beliefs that surround this asylum. Some claim that the asylum is now used for a gang ritual, in which a new joiner is lowered through a hole in the floorboards and left to hang there until they came back- sometimes they never did. While others claim that the asylum is now a meeting place for Satanists, where various animal sacrifices can be found. And for others the asylum is a hot spot of ghostly activity. One thing is certain, whether it be notorious rituals, ghosts, or homeless people, the Philadelphia State Hospital is not a place to be reckoned with.

“Maybe it was more like Amityville or the Smurl Haunting”


“Houses don’t kill people. People kill People.”

Amityville is one of the most sensational and controversial cases of alleged evil presences. Perhaps even the most famous haunting in America! The house is located on 112 Ocean Avenue in Long Island, New York.

The below is based off information from Jay Anson’s novel: The Amityville Horror.

Ronald Dafeo was a troubled young man who had verbal and often physical disputes with his father. At the age of, 24, he still lived with his parents taking up residence in the basement. On the night of November 13th, 1974, Ronald Dafeo was possessed by an unknown spirit commanding him to murder his entire family. Taking a high powered rifle, he murdered his parents, two brothers, and two sisters one by one in their sleep. All of their bodies were found the same way, laying face down on their beds with NO SIGN of struggle! None of the family members, nor neighbors heard the gun shots.

On December 18th, 1975, George and Kathy Lutz moved into the house with their two sons and daughter. Due to the horrors ahead, they would only live at 112 Ocean Avenue for 28 days, bringing no belongings with them from their house and they never returned to pick anything up! George and Kathy were newly weds, their sons were part of Kathy’s previous marriage. George was your typical, warm and friendly family man who wanted to do the best for his wife and sons. But, once they entered the house strange things began to occur. Swarms of flies invaded the house- especially the windows, their daughter began to see an imaginary pig named Jodie, and George felt a sensational coldness that would never stop. Each night George would wake up at 3:15, to find the boat house doors open and swaying in the wind-no matter how many times he had locked them. When Father Mancusco came to investigate the house, he felt the presence of the great evil that lurked there. While blessing the house, to rid of the spirit, he was hit across the face by the spirit and ordered to leave the house "GET OUT". Eventually on the 28th day, the Lutz family ran out of the house- never to return again. No one knows what truly happened on the final night, the Lutz family never told. If you ask me, I personally believe that George (like Ronald Dafeo before him) was driven to the brink of insanity and went “the shining” on his family. Why else would the Lutzs never speak of what happened? I guess we will never truly know, but nonetheless Amityville is still one of the scariest hauntings I have ever heard.


From 1985 to 1987, the Smurl house in West Pittston, Pennsylvania became the scene for a horrific and terrifying haunting. The case received wide attention from the media. Although the house went through three exorcisms and investigations by Ed and Lorraine Warren, the demon refused to leave. The hauntings were recorded in a book and portrayed in a movie both named “The Haunted.”


You can buy the book now at Amazon

ESP, Orbs, and Nighttime


“Ghosts are attracted to that whole ESP thing”

ESP is defined as information that one receives from beyond the five senses: sight, smell, taste, and touch. It can provide the individual with information of the present, past and future; it is the skill to feel communications from people beyond the grave through medium-hood and seancing, spirit walking or people far away, through telepathy. The notion of extra-sensory-perception is a very old one, and in many ancient cultures it was taken for granted that certain people has such powers of perception, be it second sight, or the power to communicate with deities, ancestors, or spirits.


Orbs are energy anomalies recorded at some haunted sights. Orbs are only seen through infrared monitors, they can be recorded on photographic film but are not visible to the naked eye. When they appear, they show up in round or sometimes rectangular shapes. The study of orbs has grown with the initiation of ghost hunting technology.


Night is often associated with danger and evil, because bandits and dangerous animals can be concealed by darkness. The belief in magic often includes the idea that magic and magicians are more powerful at night. Similarly, mythical and folkloric creatures as vampires and werewolves are thought to be more active at night. In almost all cultures there exist stories and legends warning of the dangers of nighttime. It is also the only time of day known to bring about the most haunting occurances in supernatural locations.



Inside the Legend: Scarecrow


Pagan Gods are worshipped as the personification of some aspect of the universe. These Gods are usually seen as “preternatural” beings who were usually of significant power, worshipped, held in high regard, and respected. Pagan Gods assume a variety of forms, but frequently are depicted as human or animalistic; sometimes it is considered blasphemous to imagine the Pagan gods as having a concrete form. These gods are attributed for strange phenomena such as lightning, floods, storms and miracles. Some of these deities are asserted to be the directors of fate, the giver of human law and morality, as well as the ultimate judge of worth and behavior.


This episode probably brings up two questions about sacrifice to the Pagan gods, why do it and does it still exist? From the research that I have gathered in preparation for this episode I have discovered that humans were sacrificed in various religious rituals in order to secure bountiful harvests, blessings and protections from the deities. Unfortunately, human sacrifices still occur- most often in Satanic cults. These satanic groups find sacrifices in runaways, children and those who are abandoned. This probably explains why the newly weds at the beginning of the episode were likely candidates, they were from out of town and could easily disappear without a trace or an investigation.


Emily tells Dean, that the Scarecrow was brought over by the town founders from Norway. Norwegian culture is perhaps most known for it’s Norse mythology, including such Gods as Odin and Loki. Asgaard is one of nine mythological worlds in Norse mythology. And it is described as being surrounded by a wall, beyond which is a forest. Asgaard is also home to the warlike Aesir gods.


In Norse mythology, the Vanir are a group of wild nature and fertility Gods, the sworn enemies of the warrior gods of the Aesir. They were considered to be the bringers of health, youth, fertility, luck and wealth, and masters of magic, also known for protection and prosperity, and keeping the local settlements safe from harm. Some villages built effigies of the Vanir in their fields, while other villages practiced human sacrifices consisting of one male and one female. So, as word of advice to all of you fellow adventure seekers- if your car breaks down, don’t give into the “kindness” of strangers, for they might just be fattening you up to serve to… the scarecrow!


A scarecrow is more than just something one sets up in a field to scare the crows away, it is also a Jungian archetype and spiritual symbol. A scarecrow is a dimension of the Jungian archetype most commonly referred to as “the shadow.” This is because Scarecrows represent monstrous emotions and thoughts, which often provoke feelings of fear and dread. Scarecrows were used during harvesting rituals of the early tribes, such as the those for the spring equinox.



Inside the Legend: Faith


“There’s only one thing that can give and take life like that- we’re dealing with a reaper”

Death as a living, sentient entity is a concept that has existed in all known societies since the beginnings of recorded history. The most common representation of death is that of modern European folk-lore: The Grimm Reaper a.k.a. Grimm Spectre of Death.

“Reapers stop time. You can only see them when their coming at you.”


“No, no, no. Not the reaper. A reaper. There’s reaper lore in pretty much every culture on Earth. They go by a hundred different names, it’s possible that there are more than one of them.”

In Breton mythology, the reaper takes on the form of Ankou, who is described as a tall man who wears a wide-brimmed hat and long coat. He is the one who collects the souls of the dead and aids them on their journey to the next world, in his old rickety cart pulled by four black horses. According to some Ankou was the first child of Adam and Eve. Some tales have it that he has two companions, who are skeletons in some versions, following behind his cart and tossing into it souls.

In Hindu mythology, the lord of death is called Yama and is one of the rulers of the eight sides. He rides a black buffalo and carries a rope lasso to carry the soul back to his abode. Here, all the accounts of the person's good and bad deeds are stored which allow him to decide where he has to reside, either in hell or heaven.

In Japanese mythology, death is personified as Enma, also known as Enma Ou and Enma Daiou. Enma rules the underworld, which makes him similar to Hades, and he decides whether someone dead goes to heaven or to hell. A common saying parents use in Japan to scold children is that Enma will cut off their tongue in the afterlife if they lie.

Judaism found the angel of death mentioned in Psalms lxxxix. 45, where the Targum translates: "There is no man who lives and, seeing the angel of death, can deliver his soul from his hand". By acts of benevolence the anger of the angel of death is overcome; when one fails to perform such acts the angel of death will make his appearance. The angel of death receives his order from God. As soon as he has received permission to destroy, however, he makes no distinction between good and bad.

Islam’s “angel of death” is 'Izrail, the English form of which is Azrael. He is charged with the task of separating and returning from the bodies the souls of people who are to be recalled permanently from the physical world back to the primordial spiritual world. This is a process whose aspect varies depending on the nature and past deeds of the individuals in question, and some suggest that Azrael is also accompanied by helpers or associates.


“It is the lord who does the healing here friends, the lord who guides me in choosing who to heal by helping me see into people’s hearts.”

I am personally a believer in the paranormal and supernatural, but, like Dean, I am not a believer in faith healing. I also agree with Dean in that these “faith healers,” or at least most of them, are personally only interested in our wallets and less for our welfare.

Faith healing refers to healing that occurs supernaturally, as the result of prayer rather than the use of medicines or the involvement of physicians or other medical care. The notion that prayer, divine intervention or the ministrations of an individual healer can cure illness has been popular throughout history. The bible does show incidences of faith healing, but does not condemn, forbid, or even discourage the use of medicines or other proper medical care. Luke, who wrote the Gospel of Luke, was actually a doctor!

The belief in, and practice of, faith healing is found among: sincere Christians, pseudo-Christians, non-Christians, those involved in the occult, and con-artists. Over the years, there has been little to no evidence at all that faith healing actually works. However, there have been a number of documented cases in which people with serious diseases have died as a result of abandoning effective medical care after being "healed."

False teachings on faith healing vary from group to group. Many attribute all sickness to demonic activity and include exorcism as a tool of faith healing. Others, especially certain teachers associated with the word-faith movement, blame sickness on anything from unbelief to sin, and often tie promises of healing to slick pitches for financial contributions.

The most comprehensive examination of contemporary "healers" is James Randi's The Faith Healers. The book describes how many of the leading evangelistic healers have enriched themselves with the help of deception and fraud. Randi's most noteworthy experience was the unmasking of Peter Popoff, an evangelist who would call out the names of people in the audience and describe their ailments. Popoff said he received this information from God, but it was actually obtained by confederates who mingled with the audience before each performance. Pertinent data would be given to Popoff's wife, who would broadcast it from backstage to a tiny receiver in Popoff's ear. After recording one of Mrs. Popoff's radio transmissions, Randi exposed the deception on the Johnny Carson Show.

Christian Science is probably the best known religious sect that favors prayer over medical care. It is the only form of faith healing that is deductible as a medical expense for federal income tax purposes. Christian Science contends that illness is an illusion caused by faulty beliefs, and that prayer heals by replacing bad thoughts with good ones. Christian Science practitioners work by trying to argue the sick thoughts out of the person's mind.


I have just seen the episode "House vs. God", for the hit Fox show HOUSE. The episode also deals with a faith healer. This time, however the faith healer is a fifteen year old boy. Discussed in this episode is another reason why some "miracles" may occur.

The Set-Up: A fifteen year old claims to be a faith healer. He has "saved" people in the past, as seen in the 'teaser' for the episode. He falls ill and believes that this illness is the work of God. While at the hospital, the 'faith healer' encounters a woman dieing of cancer and 'heals' her. Her tumor heals, but not permanently. There may be another reason for this- a medical reason.

Episode Dialogue:
"For 200 years, there have been reports of wild viruses the target tumors. Early 1900s, an Italian medical journal wrote up a woman with cervical cancer who was injected with a weak strain of rabies. I have no idea why they did it, but her tumor shrank. One of the virus types most prone to go after cancer cells is Herpes encephalitis."

This is furthered with:

"The only way you could have transmitted it is by scratching one of your sores and touching another person"

To Conclude...
Kind of makes you think how many other people, like this, there could be out there. Those who have herpes and suddenly attain a gift of "healing," thus not knowing the scientifical cause, chalk it up to being a blessing from God to become a 'faith healer'. I don't know if any other viruses could lead to a similar result, but found this fact very interesting because it could explain a portion of some of the supposed 'faith healers' in the world today.


So, what exactly were Sam and Dean hunting at the beginning of the episode? Well, turns out that the ghoul that caused Dean a heart failure is a rawhead. A rawhead is an Irish sort of Boogeyman that is said to live by the pipes under the sink, and to drown naughty children and reward the good. He is covered all over with matted hair, has flat blue eyes, lives in dark cupboards, and is rumored to have a crouching form like a rock.


“A tarot dates back to the early Christian years, right? When some priests were still using magic and a few of them veered into the dark stuff, Necromancy, and how to push death away, how to cause it.”

A special system of fortune telling using a special pack of seventy-eight cards that consists of four suits of fourteen cards together with twenty two picture cards.


The practice of attempting to communicate with the spirits of the dead in order to predict or influence the future.


“So Roy’s using dark magic to bind the reaper”

Black Magic is magic attempted for evil purposes, calling upon evil spirits or the devil.


Inside the Legend: Route 666

“Let him who understanding calculate the number of the Beast; for his number is that of a man: and his number is six hundred and sixty six.”


In the book of Revelations, “666” symbolizes ‘the mark of the beast,’ a prophesized anti-Christ. To the Navajo Indians, the number “6” and any combination of it is considered evil and to be a harbinger of bad luck. No wonder Route 666, spanning 200 miles through New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah, is a frightening route to drive- especially at night. There are many names for Route 666, such as the Devil’s Highway, Satan’s Highway and the Highway to Hell. But, what exactly lies beneath this highway resembling a serpent coiling around a giant cross?


Route 666 is a highway notorious for its numerous accidents involving drunk drivers, deaths of pedestrians, dumped bodies and even a mad trucker!

Route 666 was christened by engineers in the 1930s. Since then it has been home to satanic rituals and worship, as well as a long history of accidents and apparitions:

A number of sacrificed dogs and cats have shown up along this haunted stretch of road, providing evidence of devil worshipping on Route 666.

Packs of demonic dogs have been seen wandering the highway, attacking at night, with yellow eyes and sharp teeth shredding the tires of those traveling the highway.

A young and frail girl in a long nightgown is known to wander the road. People have seen her walking along the side of the road, all alone in the dark out in the middle of nowhere. When they stop to help her, she instantly vanishes!

There have been reports of people disappearing at one point along the highway and then reappearing at another location miles away, without having any recollection of where they have been or what they have been doing.

Some of the more malevolent spirits of Route 666 will climb into your car with you. It’s said that the shape-shifters known to Native Americans as Skin Walkers will terrorize motorists along Route 666. They first appear in front of moving vehicles as various animals, trying to make drivers swerve and crash. If this does not work, they appear in the back seat of the car, attempting to steal passengers’ souls.


Route 666 possesses its own serial killer, known as the Mad Trucker. “So, (according to legend) this killer truck” is a sadistic semi that targets vulnerable pedestrians and mows them down. The police along Route 666, have long conducted numerous investigations into the various vehicular manslaughter hit and run killings along this stretch of road, they claim that the Mad Truck purposefully commits these heinous acts of murder. The truck travels at roughly 130 miles an hour, and has been known to have a couple of eyewitnesses.

One survivor of an encounter with the Mad Trucker recounts his experience. He states that the truck looked like it was on fire, heading straight towards him from the middle of the highway. The truck was going so fast that sparks were flying off the wheels and flames were coming from the smokestack!!!

There have also been numerous accounts of Mad Truckers driving a black truck all over the country often ‘guarding’ a form of supernatural evil. Such as the Devil’s Tree in New Jersey.


“You ever hear of the Flying Dutchman?”

“Yeah, a ghost ship infused with the captain’s evil spirit. It was basically a part of him”

The legend of The Flying Dutchman is said to have started in 1641 when a Dutch ship sank off the coast of the Cape of Good Hope:

Captain van der Decken was pleased. The trip to the Far East had been highly successful and at last, they were on their way home to Holland. As the ship approached the tip of Africa, the captain thought that he should make a suggestion to the Dutch East India Company (his employers) to start a settlement at the Cape on the tip of Africa, thereby providing a welcome respite to ships at sea.

He was so deep in thought that he failed to notice the dark clouds looming and only when he heard the lookout scream out in terror, did he realize that they had sailed straight into a fierce storm. The captain and his crew battled for hours to get out of the storm and at one stage it looked like they would make it. Then they heard a sickening crunch - the ship had hit treacherous rocks and began to sink. As the ship plunged downwards, Captain VandeDecken knew that death was approaching. He was not ready to die and screamed out a curse: "I WILL round this Cape even if I have to keep sailing until doomsday!"

So, even today whenever a storm brews off the Cape of Good Hope, if you look into the eye of the storm, you will be able to see the ship and its captain - The Flying Dutchman. Don't look too carefully, for the old folk claim that whoever sights the ship will die a terrible death.
Many people have claimed to have seen The Flying Dutchman, including the crew of a German submarine boat during World War II and holidaymakers.

On 11 July 1881, the Royal Navy ship, the Bacchante was rounding the tip of Africa, when they were confronted with the sight of The Flying Dutchman. The midshipman, a prince who later became King George V, recorded that the lookout man and the officer of the watch had seen the Flying Dutchman and he used these words to describe the ship:
"A strange red light as of a phantom ship all aglow, in the midst of which light the mast, spars and sails of a brig 200 yards distant stood out in strong relief."

It's pity that the lookout saw the Flying Dutchman, for soon after on the same trip, he accidentally fell from a mast and died. Fortunately for the English royal family, the young midshipman survived the curse.
Versions of the story are legion. According to some, the story is originally Dutch, while others claim it is based on the English play The Flying Dutchman (1826) by Edward Fitzball.

According to most versions, the captain swore that he would not retreat in the face of a storm, but would continue his attempt to round the Cape of Good Hope even if it took until Judgment Day. According to other versions, some horrible crime took place on board, or the crew was infected with the plague and not allowed to sail into any port for this reason. Since then, the ship and its crew were doomed to sail forever, never putting in to shore. According to some versions, this happened in 1641, others give the date 1680 or 1729.



"Dad and I were working a job in Athens, Ohio. She was finishing up college. We went out for a couple of weeks."

Athens, Ohio may seem like your quiet and quaint suburban town. But, deep within lies a secret just waiting to be discovered. Athens, Ohio is undoubtedly one of the scariest places on earth and has been on various television programs delving into the supernatural.





"Demolition or remodeling can awaken spirits, make them restless. Like that theater in Illinois”

The Avon opened in 1916, as one of the most lavish theaters in Decatur, and considered by many a waste at the time, because it was built specifically for movies, which were considered in those days only a fad which would soon pass.

It had one of the largest screens of any theater outside Chicago when it opened. Its opulent decor featured fancy plasterwork, sculpture (a nude reclining goddess holding out a crown of laurel was at the top of the proscenium arch), and unusual lighting fixtures in the shape of lion's heads which were found in the auditorium.

In the early 1950s, the Avon was considered outdated, and received an unfortunate 'modernization', which destroyed much of the splendid original decoration. Also, a wide screen for Panavision and 3D films was added in front of the old one, covering up the old little stage and orchestra pit area, as well as the goddess sculpture.

The Avon hung on, slowly declining until the mid 1980s, when it finally was forced to close. It remained empty for years, before receiving a much needed restoration by its current owners, and reopened in 1999, screening art and foreign films, as well as the occasional mainstream hit.

The Avon is rumored to be haunted by the ghost of its original owner, who even after selling the theater in the 60s, maintained an office upstairs, where he eventually died.




The amazing story of the curse surrounding James Dean’s Porsche. Kripke has brought up this shocking tale of the supernatural in numerous interviews. Perhaps the basis for a future episode. 







On May 31, 2003, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials approved a new number for the remaining segments of U.S. 666 in Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico. At the request of State transportation officials, the route became U.S. 491, a spur of U.S. 191.


But, whose to say the haunting will ever end? All over the country there are haunted roads and highways. Including another Route 666, located in Pennsylvania! So, just be careful while out on the road. You might just have a supernatural experience of your own



Inside the Legend: Nightmare

“I mean, either Telekinesis or Premonitions- we both had abilities”


“When I first found out I could move things. It was a gift.”

More commonly known as ‘psychokinesis,’ literally translates to “distant movement.” It’s the ability to mentally influence an object's movement or behavior.



“These nightmares weren’t bad enough. Now I’m seeing things when I’m awake? And these visions, or whatever, they’re getting more intense and painful!”

Premonitions are the knowledge that one has of future events that are typically tragic in nature. They commonly come as visions, often during dreams and even during states of total consciousness. A strong sense that something will occur also qualifies. There is strong historic evidence of premonitions revealing visions and warnings of future happenings.



The banshee is a creature in Gaelic folklore, the word being derived from the Old Irish ben síde, modern Irish bean sídhe or bean sí, "fairy woman" (bean, woman, and sidhe, being the tuiseal ginideach or possessive case of "fairy"). The sídh are derived from pre-Christian Gaelic deities.

When members of the community died, a woman would sing a traditional lament or caoineadh at their funerals. These women singers are sometimes referred to in English as "keener." Traditionally, some great Gaelic families had a fairy woman associated with them, who would make an appearance after a death in the family to sing this lament. Tales recount how, when the family member had died far away then the appearance or, in some tales, the sound of the fairy keener, might be the first intimation of the death.

When these oral narratives were first translated into English, a distinction between the "banshee" and other fairy folk was introduced which does not seem to exist in the original stories in their original (Irish or Scottish) Gaelic forms. Similarly, the funeral lament became a mournful cry or wail by which the death is heralded. In these tales, hearing the banshee's wail came to predict a death in the family and seeing the banshee portends one's own death.

Banshees are frequently dressed in white and often have long, fair hair which they brush with a silver comb, a detail scholar Patricia Lysaght attributes to confusion with local mermaid myths. Other stories portray them as dressed in green or black with a grey cloak.



According to Eskimo lore, an Angiak is a child of the living dead. Eskimos had to often give up their new-born children during harsh times and would do so by abandoning them in the snow. Unless the Eskmio tribe moved to a new land, it was believed that the ghosts of these babies would come back to haunt them. An Angiak is said to gain strength upon each visit to the tribe, until its powerful enough to seek revenge on the elders.


An infrared thermal scanner is a tool used by ghost researchers to detect and verify “cold spots” and monitor fluctuations in temperature within rooms. The ITS is a non-contact thermometer that sends out an infrared beam that hits a surface and bounces back giving the temperature of the object it hits.




Inside the Legend: The Benders

Article is from Weird US
By: Chris Gethard

In the early days Kansas was notorious for its violence and bloodshed. The intense rivalry between abolitionists and proslavery forces earned the territory the nickname of Bleeding Kansas. Even after conflicts over slavery were a thing of the past, southeast Kansas in particular was known as a rough area. But one case in Kansas history rises above all others in the gruesome and bloody stakes. It is a tale of deception. It is the tale of the mysterious, murdering Bender family of Cherryvale.

The Bender family- parents, son, and daughter- hailed from Germany and settled just northeast of the miniscule town of Cherryvale, Kansas, in 1870. They built a small inn to provide shelter and food for travelers and their horses. With so many settlers making their way through the relatively young and unsettled state in those days, inn-keeping was a lucrative business. But apparently it was not lucrative enough for the Benders. They decided to supplement their income through incredibly treacherous means.

When a traveler would enter the Benders’ home, they would seat him at a dinner table with his back to a canvas curtain. While engaged in conversations by the young and attractive Kate Bender, the unsuspecting traveler would be attacked with a hammer by one of the Bender men, who rained blows down upon the skull of his victim. Then all four of the Benders would loot any money and possessions on the victim’s person, slit his throat, and dump him through a trapdoor into a well-like enclosure beneath their house. Later, under the cover of darkness, the body would be removed and buried in the Benders’ orchard out back. Soon the Benders began preying upon the townsfolk of Cherryville. Kate Bender hung posters in town proclaiming herself professor Miss Katie Bender, with the capacity to cure blindness, deafness, and other infirmities. She also claimed to posses psychic powers, including the ability to communicate with the dead. The Bender men would set upon her clients in their usual manner.

The sign read:


Can heal all sorts of disorders: Can cure blindness, fits, deafness and all such diseases, also ‘Deaf and Dumbness.

Residence, 14 miles East of Independence, on the road from Independence to Osage Mission one and one half smiles South East of Nornhead Station.


June 18, 1872


In all, the Benders murdered eleven people, including George Lochner and his daughter, who in a disturbing incident became buried alive with the mutilated corpse of her father. The Kansas City Times described the discovery of her body:

“The little girl was probably eight years of age, and had long, sunny hair, and some traces of beauty on a countenance that was not yet entirely disfigured by decay. One arm was broken. The breastbone had been driven in. The right knee had been wrenched from its socket and the leg doubled up under the body. Nothing like this sickening series of crimes had ever been recorded in the whole history of the country.”

Others narrowly escaped being killed by the Benders. When one William Pickering refused to sit with his back to the canvas because of its disgusting stains, Kate Bender threatened him with a knife, at which point he fled the premises. Out of the corner of his eye a Catholic priest stopping at the inn saw one of the Bender men hiding a large hammer, and the priest escaped, using the excuse that he needed to tend to his horse.

After the disappearance of a promising local doctor in 1873, suspicions fell on the Benders, so they disappeared overnight. Soon after, eleven graves were discovered in the orchard and the nature of the murders was uncovered. Here is how the Kansas City Times described the initial investigation of the pit beneath the Benders’ home:

"[The Men] groped about over these splotches and held up a handful to the light. The ooze smeared itself over their psalms and dribbled through their fingers. It was blood-thick, fetid, calmly, sticking blood- that they had found groping there in the void. Blood perhaps, of some poor, belated traveler who had laid himself down to dream of home and kindred, and who had died while dreaming of his loved ones.”

The Bender murders quickly became national news, and rewards totaling in thousands of dollars were offered for their capture. Surprisingly, the fate of the Benders is unknown. Rumors quickly sprang up that a posse captured and hanged all four members of the family, though no such posse ever came forward. Some said that other criminals dispatched the Benders. In the early 1880s two females thought to be the Bender women were brought from Illinois to Kansas but were released after a short period, as it was impossible to prove that they were part of the murderous cadre from years before. In fact, it’s possible that the family was not a family at all, just four criminals working together.

Today little remains to remind us of these macabre incidents of Kansas’s past. The inn was destroyed soon after the discovery of the bodies, as souvenir hunters combed and dismantled the building. A marker describing the incidents stands on US 169, near the former site of the inn; it very accurately proclaims the fate of the Benders as “one of the great unsolved mysteries of the Old West.”


Inside the Legend: The Benders Part 2

“Possible Hunting Grounds of a Phantom Attacker”


“A dark figure that comes out at night, grabs people then vanishes… anywhere, anytime.”

A being that can not be described as human, the phantom attacker harasses its victims taking away their sense of security. The victims describe these encounters as traumatic, because what assaulted them was strange, unusual, and obviously not human. Those who have been attacked live with a horrifying fear that cannot be explained. Famous phantom attackers include the Mothman, Shadow People, the Springheeled Jack, and the Chupacabra.



The Mothman appeared in the United States in the 1960's and presented an interesting case for two reasons: the number of people who have claimed sighting him, and the fact that he seemed to arrive in the notable company of other unexplained mysterious beings.



While never causing the physical damage of unexpected falling rocks Shadow People have frightened, intimated, and mystified an ever growing and diverse group of men and women in the U.S. Shadow People have been spotted in houses, businesses, and along roadsides moving inexplicably among the more substantial. Described by victims as a filmy haze, or dark humanoid shape this unusual type of voyeur often cause witnesses to be distressed. After these encounters some describe the Shadows as evil, or intimating although to date no one has ever claimed injury by one of these spectral entities.




An urban legend originating in England during the 1800s, the Spring Heeled Jack was said to have clawed hands and eyes of fire. His legendary status gained popularity between 1850 and 1880 as people became fascinated with his abilities to perform daring leaps and breathe blue and white flames of fire.




The Chuparabra is the newest, and strangest, phantom attacker. The being appeared in the early 1990's and became known the world over for it's bizarre eating habits. Many witnesses in the South Americas and Puerto Rico have seen the Goat Sucker, which is what Chupacbra is translated to in English. The main diet of the Chupacabra is said to be the blood of goats and other small animals, their mutilated bodies found in areas where the entity has been spotted.


Also known as the “Mad Gasser” this phantom attacker sprayed paralyzing and nauseating gases into people’s homes during the night. The victims were unable to move for approximately forty minutes and extremely nauseous. The gasser was described as a man, or woman dressed like a man, wearing all black and sprayed gas that smelled like flowers. The police received over a dozen calls in response this attacker and at least twenty-nine victims, who were predominantly female. The Phantom Gasser was never found.




Inside the Legend: Shadow


The Wraith shadow is the wraith’s worst nightmare. The shadow personifies the worst and most self-destructive parts of the wraith’s persona. The wraith shadow is a result of shame and self-disgust of the wraith, when it goes too far in following it’s own inner persona.


Zoroastrianism is the oldest monotheistic of the revealed world-religions. "Very, very old school like 2,000 years before Christ." Some scholars believe that Zoroastrian doctrines - those of heaven and hell, the struggle of good versus evil, and a redeeming messiah- have deeply influenced the Jewish and Christian religions. It is an ancient Iranian religion with similarities to the faiths of Northern India and the Viking regions of Northern Europe.


About 3500 years ago (1200-1600 BC) in Persia, Zarathushtra preached that there is only one god whom he referred to as Ahura Mazda, the God of Wisdom. Ahura Mazda is said to be the beginning and the end and the creator of everything. The principal and cardinal virtue for the followers of Zarathushtra is to adhere to the Zarathushti creed of Humata, Hukhta and Havarastra (Good Thoughts, Good Words and Good Deeds). The Avesta is the most ancient scripture of Zoroastrianism.


Only a few hundred thousand Zoroastrian believers are left, and the majority live in India and Iran. How one become a Zoroastrian is an ongoing controversy. According to the prevailing view, one must be born into the faith, of a Zoroastrian father- converts are unacceptable. However, due to dwindling numbers of faithful, some believe that converts should be admitted. The survival of the religion may depend on it.


Zoroastrians worship and share communion in a temple, often referred to as a "fire temple," where an eternal fire burns continuously. Fire is a Zoroastrian symbol for Ahura-Mazda’s power. The main Zoroastrian Holy Scriptures are called the Avestas, written in an ancient text (Avestan) that is similar to Sanskrit. A portion of the Avestas known as the Gathas, consist of hymns written by Zoroaster. Religious law is contained in another text, the Vendidad. Many of the original texts are missing. The last book of the Avestas, the Vendidad, contains Zoroastrian civil and religious law. The Vendidad is complex, and covers subjects as diverse as the way prayers are to be recited to the treatment of pets and livestock. The Jewish book of law, Leviticus, contains many similarities to the Vendidad, and was likely based on it.



At the center of Zoroastrian belief is a duality of conflicting forces- Ahura-Mazda, the supreme entity and the force of good, versus Ahriman, the force of evil and darkness. These forces are locked in a constant struggle, but good, as always, is expected to prevail.


Zoroastrians believe that time is divided into three ages, those of creation, the current era of mixed good and evil, and the coming era, when Ahura-Mazda will triumph, evildoers will be punished, and the good will go to heaven. It is an apocalyptic religion, like Christianity. However, unlike most Christian views of hell, Zoroastrians believe it to be a temporary abode, where sinners are cleansed by fire.


Zoroastrian dead are not buried, but placed in the open air in structures called "towers of silence," to be devoured by vultures. A Zoroastrian symbol is a symbol that depicts the human soul before and after death. The Farohar is the emblem of the faith.


"It's a sigil for a deva."


"It translates to 'demon of darkness'-- zoroastrian demons, and they're savage, animalistic, you know- nasty demonic pitbulls."

In ancient Persian mythology they are demons who cause plagues and diseases and who fight every form of religion. They are the male servants (or followers) of Angra Mainyu, also known as Ahriman. The female servants are called the Drugs. Together they fight Ahuru Mazda (Ormazd) and his Amesha Spentas.

Originally, the Daevas, together with the Ahuras, were a classification of gods and spirits. In later Persian religion they were degraded to a lesser kind of beings, demons. The word 'devil' is derived from their name.

The seven archdemons of the Daevas are: Aesma Daeva, Aka Manah, Indra, Nanghaithya, Saurva, Tawrich and Zarich.

"Nobody's seen them for a couple of millenia"


"Fury". One of the Daevas, Aesma Daeva ("madness") is the demon of lust and anger, wrath and revenge. His wrath is mainly directed towards the cow. He is the personification of violence, a lover of conflict and war. Together with the demon of death, Asto Vidatu, he chases the souls of the deceased when they rise to heaven. The Jewish evil spirit Asmodeus is derived from his image. His eternal opponent is Sraosa.


The personification of sensual desire who was sent by Ahriman to seduce the prophet Zarathustra. His eternal opponent is Vohu Manah.


The personification of apostasy.


Archfiend. Nanghaithya is the personification of discontentment. Her eternal opponent is Armaiti.


Eternal opponent is Khshathra vairya.


Personification of hunger. She belongs to the Daevas, a group of demons. Her eternal opponent is Haurvatat.


One of the female members of the Daevas and the personification of ageing. Her eternal opponent is Ameretat.




Inside the Legend: Hell House


Top Of the World… Cuyahoga County, Ohio

Your journey to the Top O’ the World starts alongside a dark, winding road. As you park your car and begin the walk up the darkened dirt path, you find yourself double-checking every few feet to make sure nothing’s following you. Then you start to rewind in your head one of the legends associated with the area: A young family man falls from a horse and receives a massive head injury. Perhaps due in part to his injuries, the man goes insane one night and kills his entire family with an ax while they sleep. He then goes out to the barn and kills all his horses, including the one that had injured him. When he was done, the man hanged himself inside the barn. Is it any wonder this whole area is said to be filled with ghosts?

At the top of the hill, in the Summit County Metro Park, you catch your first glimpse of the barn. You listen intently for the sound of ghostly horses or screams from a man in anguish. Nothing. Scanning the woods, you search for movement. But nothing is stirring- at least not yet.

You’ve heard the stories, so you know exactly where to position yourself in order to see the ghost of the ax-wielding father begin his nightly journey from the house to the barn. About fifteen minutes into your nocturnal surveillance, you nervously light a cigarette. Forty-five minutes and three cigarettes later, you decide to call it quits. Tonight, nothing supernatural is happening.

Back at your car, you wonder whatever made you think you were really going to see anything tonight; you’re getting too old to be chasing ghosts. And then you hear it: a long, drawn-out neigh from a horse… coming from somewhere behind you. You spin around just in time to hear the sound dissipate over the top of the hill that blocks the old barn from you view. The sound gone, several seconds pass before you realize that you’re still holding your breath. You let it out with a loud hissing sound and immediately begin rationalizing. What you just heard must have a natural explanation. But you can’t think of one. Stepping into your car, you’re reminded of just how wonderful the sound of a car engine turning over can sound. Within seconds, your tires are spraying gravel as you make your way back to civilization… with nary a look back in the rearview mirror.

There is a popular legend in Cuyahoga County, a variation on the man-thrown-from-a-horse story, that says there was a very rich farmer who lived in the area with his wife and their seven children. The man so well off that he was able to erect seven barns, one in honor of each of his children, throughout Cuyahoga Valley. Of course, this is much too romantic a tale to make a good ghost story, so one night the husband went insane and slaughtered his wife and seven children with an axe. He then proceeded to bury their bodies in the first six barns. When he was finished burying the last body, he went out to the seventh barn, the one at Top O’ the World, and committed suicide by hanging himself from the rafters. It is the tortured spirit of this farmer that is sometimes spotted as a darkened shape moving through the woods surrounding the barn and sometimes even inside the barn itself.

Weird Ohio, by James A. Willis, Andrew Henderson, and Loren Coleman


The following are a collection of similar Hell House stories that I have gathered due to the help of posters on

Mystery Manor… Omaha, Nebraska

The Manor was built in 1887 and was the home of William and Greta Hall. On October 23, 1929 when the stock market crashed, William Hall went insane. In a blind of rage he took his ax from its place in the shed and attacked his dear Greta, chopping her body into pieces until his frenzy had abated. The next morning, realizing with horror what he had done, he carefully placed his wife’s remains in a shallow grave in the front yard of the Manor. One Week later, Greta’s brother, John Martin, avenged his sister’s brutal murder by hacking up his former brother-in-law with the same ax. The next night at midnight, John Martin’s body was found at the grave sight with the ax imbedded in his skull. Some believe that the ghost of William Hall killed John Martin. The murder of John Martin remains a mystery- thus the name “Mystery Manor.”

Mystery Manor is the oldest and most popular “haunted house” business in Omaha, Nebraska, and it packs in the crowds during the Halloween season every year. It has been a house of terror for 17 years and is located on 719 North 18th Street.

Curtis Mansion… Miami Springs, Florida

The mansion belong to the son of the founder of the city, he and his wife would adopt children from around the country and the world. The wife has a miscarriage or an abortion, and Curtis is driven by insanity. He kills her, the children, the maids, and then himself. Sets fire to the place. On the outside, this mansion may seem ordinary… but, police have been called from people who have seen strange fires coming from within the house. There are reports of lights going on and off, doors opening, and sightings of ghosts, of visitors, children, and a man.


Mooney’s Mansion... City of Columbus, Walhalla Dr.

A Dr. Mooney lived with his wife and children in one of the homes high atop Walhalla sometime in the 1950s. When his slow descent into madness passed its boiling point, he chopped every member of his family up with an axe. Whether he killed himself, was caught, or made an escape is not known, but the murderous act is supposed to be reenacted nightly, bathed in a cold blue glow and visible through the windows of Mooney's Mansion.

Another popular variant has Mooney losing everything in the 1929 stock market crash and killing his wife and kids in their beds, then hanging their bodies from the bridge over Walhalla before shooting himself in the attic of his house.

One take on the story has Mooney kicking his wife's severed head down the hill to Walhalla Road--an act which you can see repeated with a phantom head if you climb the right back staircase and knock on the door of the now-abandoned (or so they say) Mooney place.

No one knows where the mansion is. One confident, says that Mooney's Mansion is the house located at 259 Walhalla Road, closer to Indianola than High. The real Mooney's Mansion may stand on Calumet just south of the bridge; possibly it may also be the big white house with a sculpted lion's head out back that will bleed on All Hallow's Eve.

Special Thanks to… for informing me about these hell houses:
Mummyluvr- Mystery Manor
LoisLaneKent- Curtis Mansion
Raychel- Mooney’s Mansion


Remember that X-Files episode about the gated community and the monster that the crazy suburbanites were afraid of going against? Well, that monster was a Tulpa. Many authors and artists have used Tulpas in their works. Clive Barker envisioned the famous “Candy Man” killer to be nothing more than a myth gone terribly awry in his original story.

Tulpas, Tibetan Spirit Sigils, are beings who are materialized thoughts that take on a physical form through sheer willpower of its creator alone. For Tulpas to take on a physical reality, the creator must go through intense concentration and visualization to make his or her imagination a reality. Tulpas can be found in Tibetan mysticism.

Once the Tulpa is endowed with enough vitality to be capable of playing the part of a real being, it tends to free itself from its maker’s control. Sometimes the Phantom become a rebellious “son” and kills their master. Every Tulpa, no matter if originally a benevolent entity, becomes a monster of it’s own freedom. Most Tulpas die upon their master’s death, while other Tulpas are created with the intent of outliving its master.


Note: I am aware that this isn’t the type of Hell House presented in the episode. But, it’s just as creepy as any horror story and is referred to as Hell Houses- so I figured, what the hell.

"We're going to scare the hell out of people and, at the end, show them there's a way out--Jesus Christ,” states Church Pastor Mike Duckworth.

A Hell House consists of a group of horrific scenes within a type of haunted house. The customer walks through a sequence of tableaus designed to create terror and revulsion. The last scene is different; it is typically a portrayal of heaven. The visitors are then asked to accept salvation by repenting of their sins and trusting Jesus as Lord and Savior.

Hell House focuses on what the Pentecostal Church considers to be sins. Judgment Houses, also known as Hell Houses, are typically run by fundamentalist Christian churches or parachurch groups. These attractions are in operation in the days preceding Halloween. Some hell houses are disguised to resemble conventional secular haunted houses.

It is a relatively new evangelistic technique with intent of proselytizing the unsaved public and to promote certain conservative Christian beliefs. The Hell House idea is now used by more than 500 churches in 14 countries. One out of five people who go to a Hell House leave a converted Catholic. According to George Ratliff, a documentary film maker, “the people at this church (Trinity Church in Cedar Hill) needed this church, and they needed this community. If they were in New York, they would need therapy. But they don’t have therapy.” Many people within the Christian community criticize these Hell House priests as being too focused on the number of conversions rather than long lasting commitments to Christianity.

What do these Hell Houses depict?

+ A realistic reenactment of the murder of Cassie Bernall, a teenager victim at the Columbine High School in 1999-APR. She was allegedly asked whether she believed in God, answered yes, and was murdered on the spot.
+ A person being sacrificed during a Satanic ritual.
+ Women undergoing very bloody late-term abortions, complete with screaming, lots of blood, and particularly insensitive, uncaring health providers.
+ Gays and lesbians being tortured in hell for all eternity because of their behavior while they were alive on earth.
+ The dangers of "dabbling" in the occult and becoming demon possessed.
+ Personal tragedies arising from pre-marital sex.
+ Disastrous tragedies and loss of life resulting from drunk driving.
+ A man has an argument with his wife and is later seduced by his secretary.
+ Witches pressuring a depressed teen to murder his fellow students. + A 9/11 ground zero scene.
+ Pieces of meat placed in a glass bowl to look like pieces of a baby
+ A Florida house features a "demon" who dances around the coffin of an AIDS victim, overjoyed that the dead man is now suffering in hell. He declares "I tricked him into believing he was born gay! Have you ever heard something so silly?"
+ A girl getting raped and then committing suicide
+ A boy committing suicide in a classroom

Following each event is an elaborately staged scene, Satan taunts the sinner, and then drags him or her off to hell.



A less commonly used symbol of Satanism that popped during the 60s in San Francisco.




Inside the Legend: Something Wicked

“Albanian, but legends about ‘em date back to date back to Ancient Rome”

The Shtriga is an Albanian vampirelike witch who is often believed to take on the form of an elderly woman. The Shtriga preyed upon infants by drinking their blood. “They feed on Spiro Vitae, Latin, translates into meaning ‘breath of life’ Like your life- force or essence.” The Shtriga is also believed to the cause of adult mortalities and diseases. The word Shtriga is derived from the Latin word Strix, ‘screech owl’, which refers to flying demons that only attack at night. At night the Shtriga can change into a moth, fly, or bee. Belief in the Shtrigas continued to exist up until the early 20th century. Most of what we know about Shtriga is from two written works by Edith Durham who traveled through Albania and other Balkan countries.

“We’re going to kill this thing. I want it dead.”

One way to create a charm to protect against the Shtriga is to follow a Shtriga in her natural human form at night. Eventually she will vomit some of the blood she had drank from her victims. According to the belief, if you scrape up some of this vomit onto a silver coin, wrap the coin in cloth, and wear it always, no Shtriga can harm you.

The Shtriga usually lives incognito in a community. It was generally hard to identify her, however, a telltale sign was a young girl's hair turning white. She even goes to church for the regular services. She could be detected during such a service by passing out bread spiced with garlic. A Shtriga will always refuse to eat anything containing garlic. The second way is to place a cross of pig bone on the doors of the church after everyone in the community has gathered inside. Everyone but a Shtriga will be able to leave the church through these doors.

“Doc said the kids’ bodies are wearing out”

Infant mortalities may actually not be the cause of a Shtriga, but of a mother’s over protective instincts. Late as the twentieth century, the Shtriga was blamed for otherwise unexplained infant deaths. In America, we refer to these deaths as “crib death” or “sudden infant death syndrome” (“SIDS”). These mothers, who believed that they were protecting their infants from a Shtriga, were actually “suffocating” the child under the weight of the numerous blankets; causing them to grow pale and sick from a lack of fresh air and sunshine. Dr. Edith Durham reported that she tried to persuade some mothers to reverse this, but they could not be persuaded to depart from tradition.



Inside the Legend: Provenance


I'm not an expert on all this ghost stuff- but, is the painting supposed to look like that?

Have you ever looked at a painting and wondered what evil lurks within? Surely you all remember the legend of the aging portrait of Dorian Gray. But, what about cursed paintings? Thanks to Kittsbud and LazyCalm I was alerted of several actual cursed paintings. Whether you choose to believe or not is up to you. But, as we all know nothing is ever as it appears.

Marcus Beck

The painting of Marcus Beck, a portrait of a former surgeon, currently located in the Greater London University College Hospital on Gower Street, may actually be responsible for the deaths of countless patients! Legend states that if the shutters were not closed on the painting at night, the patients who fell asleep under the painting would fall ill, some even died as a result. The painting was stolen in 2001 and to this very day it’s whereabouts are unknown.

Pogo the Clown

Seems that even after the 1994 death sentence, John Gacy is still causing destruction to those around him- or the portrait of his alter ego, at least, Pogo the Clown. John “Killer Clown” Gacy, a suburban Chicago contractor, was executed in 1994 at age 52 for the torture and murders of 33 boys and men. He performed as Pogo the Clown at children’s parties. An artist as well, Gacy would often paint his clown alter-ego and these paintings are much sought after. The musician, Nikki Stone, once had one of these paintings and since he got it the painting has caused him nothing but harm, “I just want to get rid of it” he told the Boston Herald. Since Stone got the painting, his dog died and his mother has been diagnosed with cancer! The actor Johnny Depp also invested in a Gacy clown painting before becoming so weirded out by the piece that he developed a pathological fear of clowns and unloaded the artwork. Others who have had one of Gacy’s Pogo the Clown paintings have also been harmed by the painting, ranging from life threatening situations such as car crashes to acts of suicide!

The Crying Boy

From around 1985 onwards, a series of mysterious house fires were brought to the attention of the general public, following the discovery that in each case, the buildings and all their contents were completely destroyed apart from a painting - the "Crying Boy", which remained unscathed. In the years that followed, some 40-50 cases were recorded in which a house fire had destroyed everything except for the picture. It became known as the "Curse of the Crying Boy", and even made headline news at one point. Whether real or not a Yorkshire fireman was so upset that he talked with the “Sun” newspaper in England. They ran his story about how everything in the home was consumed by fire except for a painting of a crying boy. There were at that time more than one of these paintings around and each seemed to have the same effect. The home and all contents would be totally destroyed but the painting of the little crying boy would not show any sign at all of going through a fire. The newspaper began receiving telephone calls from people all over the area that had similar stories to tell about the crying boy painting. One person that called the “Sun” was Dora Mann of Mitcham and she has been quoted as saying "Only six months after I had bought the picture, my house was completely gutted by fire. All my paintings were destroyed, except the one of the crying boy." After one month of hearing all the tales, the “Sun” gave their readers the chance to bring their crying boy paintings and agreed to have a very large bon fire to rid everyone of this cursed or jinxed painting. All paintings that were brought to the newspaper were in fact burned and everyone rejoiced. The picture itself was a portrait painted by a Spanish artist of an orphan. It is said that his studio burnt to the ground, and the boy was later killed in a car crash. The picture is one of the first to be mass produced in the UK, there are several thousand of them in circulation, but the curse still appears to apply to all the copies. It is said that the curse will only effect someone if the owner of the painting becomes aware of it. Some psychics have claimed that the painting is Haunted by the spirit of the boy it depicts. There have been reports of the crying boy painting being found in charred homes untouched since 1985 and as recent as 1988.



Art History course- it’s good for meeting girls.

American Primitive

The term 'primitive art' is broadly used of the sculptures, and to a lesser extent paintings, of people living in tribal societies. It is a dangerous term in that it can easily seem to mean art of an inferior kind - partly because these objects are made by people living an existence less materially developed than our own, but also because tribal art makes no attempt at the realism which has been usually preferred by those who dwell in towns.

But primitive art has no interest in realism. Its purpose is to engage with the spirit world. The images, masks and statues suitable for dealing with spirits are not made according to the laws of perspective. They are seen with the eye of magic.

Grandma Moses produced some 2,000 paintings in all, mainly on masonite board. Her naive style (labeled American primitive) was acclaimed for its purity of color, its attention to detail, and its vigor.

Actually, I’d say its more Grant Wood than Grandma Moses

Grant Wood

(February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942)

An American painter, born in Anamosa, Iowa. He is best known for his painting depicting the rural American Midwest.

Wood's most famous work is his 1930 painting American Gothic. The two who posed for the painting were Wood's sister, Nan Wood Graham, and the family dentist, Dr. Byron McKeeby. The cottage in the background was located in Eldon, Iowa. The painting was first exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago where it won a $300 prize. Ms. Wood Graham, a personality far removed from the dingy repression she embodies in the picture, claimed that the fame it brought her saved her 'from life as the world's worst stenographer'. The painting gained instant renown after newspapers across the country reported the story. In current times, the painting is often satirized, though it remains one of the top examples of Regionalism and American art.

Wood founded the Stone City art colony in 1933, near his hometown. He became a great proponent of regionalism in the arts, lecturing throughout the country on the topic. He is considered Cedar Rapids' patron artist. He taught art at the University of Iowa.

One of his designs is depicted on the 2004 Iowa State Quarter.

Grandma Moses

(September 7, 1860 – December 13, 1961)

She was a renowned American folk artist. Born Anna Mary Robertson in Greenwich, New York. She spent most of her life as a farmer's wife and the mother of five children. She married Thomas Salmon Moses in 1887. They lived in the Shenandoah Valley, then later settling at Eagle Bridge.

She began painting in her seventies after abandoning a career in embroidery because of arthritis.

Her artwork was discovered by Louis J. Caldor, a collector who noticed her paintings in a Hoosick Falls, New York drugstore window in 1938. In 1939 an art dealer named Otto Kallir exhibited some of her work at his Galerie Saint-Etienne in New York City. This brought her to the attention of art collectors all over the world, and her paintings were highly sought after. She went on to have exhibitions of her work throughout Europe and even in Japan, where her work was particularly well received. She continued her prolific output of paintings, the demand for which never diminished during her lifetime.

President Harry S. Truman presented her with the Women's National Press Club Award for outstanding accomplishment in art in 1949. In 1951, she appeared on See It Now, a television program hosted by Edward R. Murrow.

Grandma Moses painted mostly scenes of rural life. Some of her many paintings were used on the covers of Hallmark cards, making the paintings timeless classics.

"Grandma" Moses celebrated her 100th birthday on the 7th of September, 1960. New York governor Nelson Rockefeller proclaimed the day "Grandma Moses Day" in her honor. Her gravestone is inscribed with this epitaph: "Her primitive paintings captured the spirit and preserved the scene of a vanishing countryside." She had outlived most of her children.

She died at Hoosick Falls on December 13, 1961 and is buried at the Maple Grove Cemetery.

Her work is called primitive art, a style of art that is simple and clear. Like Grandma, many primitive artists have not had formal training. But Grandma used her memory, and studied the colors of the world outside. This helped her add true-to-life details to her paintings. They show activities such as catching the Thanksgiving turkey, ice-skating, and bringing in the maple sap.


If you ask me, we’re doing the art world a favor


A provenance is a “certificate of origin, like a biography. We can use them to check the history of the pieces- see if anything has a freaky past.” Providences usually state the time and place of production, manufacture, or discovery. The provenance of works of art and antiques is very important as evidence to prove the artifact is the original and has not been altered or reproduced.




A mausoleum refers to a building constructed to hold crypts in tombs above ground, rather than a traditional cemetery. Mausolea can be individual, freestanding buildings, or they can be part of a larger facility, such as a church.


Iron repels evil spirits, but it's got to be pure!

In theory, if ghosts do not exist and if they do not use electromagnetic energy to manifest, then hypothetically one could use a conductor of electricity, such as iron, to drain or ground out the energy from the spirit. Therefore, touching a grounded, iron object to the spirit itself would drain all the usable energy from that spirit. Based on this theory, many cemeteries, are enclosed by iron fencing to keep the spirits in. Also, it has been said that an iron horseshoe placed at your front door will bring good luck by keeping evil spirits out.



Inside the Legend: Dead Man's Blood


"They were what Danny Elkins killed best. Vampires."


“Most Vampire lore is crap. A cross won’t repel them. Sun light won’t kill them and neither will a stake to the heart. But, the blood lust, that part’s true, they need fresh human blood to survive. They were once people, so you won’t know it’s a vampire until it’s too late.”

Vampires are mythical or folkloric creatures, typically held to be the re-animated corpses of human beings and said to subsist on human and/or animal blood (hematophagy), often having unnatural powers, heightened bodily functions, and/or the ability to physically transform.

Vampirism is the practice of drinking blood from a person/animal. Vampires are said to mainly bite the victim's neck, extracting the blood from the carotid artery. In folklore and popular culture, the term generally refers to a belief that one can gain supernatural powers by drinking human blood. The historical practice of vampirism can generally be considered a more specific and less commonly occurring form of cannibalism. The consumption of another's blood has been used as a tactic of psychological warfare intended to terrorize the enemy, and it can be used to reflect various spiritual beliefs.


“Vampires. It gets funnier every time I hear it."

The word 'vampire' derives from the Slavic word 'vampir' or 'vampyr', first appearing in the 1600s in the Eastern European region in the Balkans.

'vampir' is derived from 'upir', which first appeared in print in an Old Russian manuscript from 1047 AC in which a Novgorodian prince is referred to as 'Upir Lichyj' (Wicked Vampire).

But the origin of 'upir' is even more controversial. Franz Miklosich suggested that 'upir' is derived from 'uber', a Turkish word for 'witch'.A. Bruckner proposes Russian 'netopyr' (bat).


Most authorities believe the character of Dracula in Bram Stoker’s novel was based upon the historical figure Vlad Tepes, who intermittently ruled an area of the Balkans called Wallachia in the mid 15th century. He was also called by the names Vlad III, Vlad Dracula and Vlad the Impaler. It has been suggested that this connection stemmed from a certain grotesque eating habit of Vlad's: rumor has it he would consume bread dipped in his victims' blood and he refused to eat anywhere but his garden where he had his enemies impaled on 6 foot stakes that were driven into the ground. He is credited with killing between 40,000 to 100,000 people in this fashion.




“This vampire which is amongst us is of himself so strong in person as twenty men; he is of cunning more than mortal, for his cunning be the growth of ages; he have still the aids of necromancy, which is, as his etymology imply, the divination of the dead, and all the dead that he can come nigh to are for him at command; he is brute, and more than brute; he is devil in callous, and the heart of him is not; he can, within limitations, appear at will when, and where, and in any of the forms that are to him; he can, within his range, direct the elements; the storm, the fog, the thunder; he can command all the meaner things: the rat, and the owl, and the bat - the moth, and the fox, and the wolf; he can grow and become small; and he can at times vanish and come unknown.”
- Van Helsing, Bram Stoker’s DRACULA


The vampire does not age nor will it die from the passing of time, though it may appear to age if it goes sometime without feeding. Most of the vampire's powers increase with age and experience. The vampire is also immune to most diseases and is invincible to mortal weapons. The vampire's physical strength greatly exceeds that of mortals. Dracula is described as having the strength of twenty strong men. The vampire may command several animal creatures such as the wolf, the rat, the fox, the owl, the bat and the moth and is also able to assume the form of a wolf or a bat and possibly any of the other animals subject to his command. The vampire may also transform himself into a mist or dust cloud drifting in the air. The vampire may exert his will over the will of his victim, even to the point of inducing a catatonic state. This power explains why victims often have no memory of being attacked.


All of the following symptoms MUST be present in order to justify a tentative diagnosis (exhuming the corpse) of vampirism:

+ An outbreak of several cases of unexplained sickness, severe and potentially fatal, untreatable by ordinary medical practice, and involving systems such as shock, pallor, weakness, loss of energy and wasting, beginning days or weeks after the burial of the suspected vampire;
+ Victims of the sickness independently report nocturnal attacks and those who see the presence may identify it as having the image of a person recently dead
+ The sites of these attacks are not separated from each other by running water, and if the grave of the suspected vampire can be located, all the sites of attacks can be reached from the grave without crossing running waters;
+ Those who use traditional protective methods, such as garlic, are not attacked even if they are in close contact with victims, and victims who survive an initial attack and then start using such methods recover fully;
+ The suggested vampire, if it can be identified, has been buried, not cremated, and has not been embalmed or placed in a metal casket or vault;
+ Other psychological, criminological, and medical explanations have been effectively ruled out


“Her blood coursed through my veins sweeter than life itself. And as it did, Lestat's words made sense to me. I knew peace only when I killed and when I heard her heart in that terrible rhythm, I knew again what peace could be.”

Most vampires take pleasure in killing their victims, justifying their act by the desire to remain secret or to save their victim’s soul from being damned.

Vampires can live without feeding for long periods of time, entering a state of hibernation where they almost don’t move, sleeping or remaining in the dark without moving.

If the victim is not killed, he/she will turn into a vampire within 2 to 7 days. The master will then initiate the newborn vampire until he can survive by himself. The victim must drink the blood of the vampire. This is the act that Van Helsing calls 'the vampire's baptism of blood.’ Once the victim has swallowed the vampire blood, the victim dies as for a poison to reborn as vampire. The victim is under the mental domination of the master vampire and can only exert an independent will during the daylight hours or when the master vampire consciously releases his control. Only the death of the master vampire can free the victim from its curse and only if he has not killed to sustain his blood feed.


Vampires don’t cast a reflection. This also means that his image does not appear on film or any other device that requires a light (or heat) source to produce and image. A flame can be seen through his body. In some areas, vampires are believed not to show in photographs or to cast shadows. A reason given for this is the old idea of the reflection of the soul into the mirror, since vampires have lost their souls they cast no reflection.


+ The vampire may not enter a home unless he is freely invited in by one of the residents. From the first time he has been invited, he may come and go at will.
+ The vampire may not cross running water, except at the ebb and flow of the tide. He may be carried over or at certain times he may change shape and fly or jump over. If the vampire becomes immersed in running water he is completely helpless and will be destroyed. The reason comes from the analogy of standing water to the mirror.
+ Vampires cannot cross a thicket of wild rose or a line of salt. Vampires are compelled to stop and count every grain in a pile of grain or numerous objects (often grain) thrown into their path.


A vampire survives only so long as its physical body remains intact. As long as the etheric body stays intact, the Second Death cannot begin; and so the goal of the vampire is to keep the etheric body strong enough to resist the natural process of disintegration. The first step is the preservation of the vampire’s corpse in a state that can sustain some etheric functions, for if the physical body is destroyed, the etheric body is destabilized and quickly unravels. The second is a regular source of fresh etheric energy to replace what is used up or lost in the course of the vampire’s night to night existence. Folk misunderstandings of the vampire’s thirst for etheric energy easily gave rise to the idea that vampires drank blood. After a vampiric attack, the victim would be left in deep shock from loss of life-energy, and the waxen pallor that comes with this condition would make it look as though the blood had been drained from his or her veins.


“Direct sunlight hurts like a nasty sunburn, the only way to kill them is beheading. And yeah, they sleep during the day, but that doesn’t mean they won’t wake up.”

The vampire is obliged to sleep during the day and to rest upon a protective layer of hallowed ground from its native land. Usually the vampire will rest in its coffin during the day in a trance that keeps him aware of things happening around it. This is clearly the vampire's time of greatest vulnerability since it is helpless when resting within its coffin. During the day of light, the vampire is severely weakened. Most will not leave the dark but the experienced vampire is able to move and act as a human. Nevertheless, he loses his supernatural abilities and mortal weapons may harm him. The Cross-, Holy Water and other symbols of the Church were almost universally held to be powerful weapons against vampires, werewolves, witches and other spawn of Satan. he consensus seemed to be that the power of the symbol derived from the faith of the wielder (or more rarely, from the belief of the vampire) rather than any intrinsic power of the symbol itself. If a person try to intimidate a vampire with a cross but has no faith, the cross will be useless.


“Nothing makes a vampire sicker than a dead man’s blood. Those arrows are soaked to the core in it…”

I was unable to find authentic information about dead man’s blood as an actual vampiric weakness. However, Ann Rice has also used Dead Man’s Blood as a Vampiric weakness. “Dead-blood simply makes us (vampires) sick. It interacts with our own bloodstream and often contains infections. Consuming mass quantities of tainted blood is like drinking poison. Like sex without a condom. It’s almost certain death, being as how there are very few cures for blood-born diseases. Let alone doctors who make mid-night house calls (Interview with the Vampire draft Script).”


“In the movies Dracula wears a cape and some old English guy always manages to save the day at the last minute with crosses and holy water. But everybody knows the movies are full of shit.”
- Hannibal King, BLADE TRINITY


It seems highly unlikely that one would not know what a vampire is and who Dracula is. Ranging from early childhood experiences of watching the Count on Sessame Street, to our more adolescent and adult fears and fantasies of these blood suckers. Vampires have bitten their fangs into all forms of popular culture, ranging from films to video games and even cereal boxes, such as Count Chocula!

Lord Byron introduced many common elements of the vampire theme to Western literature in his epic poem The Giaour (1813). These include the combination of horror and lust that the vampire feels and the concept of the undead passing its inheritance to the living.

John Polidori authored the first "true" vampire story called The Vampyre. Polidori was the personal physician of Lord Byron and the vampire of the story, Lord Ruthven, is based partly on him — making the character the first of our now familiar romantic vampires.

Bram Stoker's Dracula has been the definitive description of the vampire in popular fiction for the last century. Its portrayal of vampirism as a disease (contagious demonic possession), with its undertones of sex, blood, and death, struck a chord in a Victorian Europe where tuberculosis and syphilis were common.


The Mercy Brown vampire incident, which occurred in 1892, is one of the best documented cases of the exhumation of a corpse in order to perform certain ritual activities, such as the conduct of 'magical' rites, supposedly for the purpose of banishing an undead manifestation.

In Exeter, Rhode Island, the Brown family suffered a sequence of tragic tuberculosis infections in the last two decades of the 19th century. Tuberculosis was called consumption at the time, and was a devastating and much feared disease.

The mother of the family, Mary, was the first to die of the disease, followed in 1888 by her eldest daughter, Mary Olive.

In 1891, another daughter, Mercy, also contracted the disease, dying in January 1892. Two months later her brother, Edwin, also became sick.

The father, George, believed that one of his dead family members was returning from the grave as a vampire and causing his son's illness. This was in accordance with certain threads of contemporary folklore that linked multiple deaths in one family with undead activity. Consumption was a poorly understood condition at the time, and the subject of much urban myth.

He persuaded several villagers to help him exhume the bodies. Both Mary and Mary Olive's body had been significantly decomposed over the intervening 4 years. The body of Mercy was still relatively intact. This was taken as a sign that the child was undead, and the agent of young Edwin's condition. Because of the cold New England weather the soil was impenetrable, and Mercy's body was kept in a tomb within the cemetery for the 2 months after her death. Therefore, the lack of decomposition was not surprising.

Mercy's heart was removed from her body, burnt, and the remnants mixed with water as a potion that was given to the sick Edwin to drink. Unfortunately, despite all his efforts, George was unsuccessful in protecting his son, who died two months later.

Modern medicine has demystified tuberculosis, although it is still held in great fear and shrouded in myth in certain cultures without access to modern medical understanding.



Literary scholar James Twitchell claims that psychoanalytically speaking, the vampire image is so popular because it represents a "complete condensation of problems and resolutions of preadolescence." He claims that children must deal with first time feelings of sexual energy and hostility, and that the vampire image acts out these situations, through its blood sucking and preying on the living.

Kirk J. Schneider, a faculty member of the California School of Professional Psychology, offers a vastly different explanation. He maintains that the vampire figure, specifically Dracula, is appealing because it is horrifying. Schneider states that true horror is when we are unexpectedly immersed in the infinite. Seeing this boundlessness is analogous to the boundlessness of that which is sacred, and thus dealing with the horror allows us to get a feel of what it would be like to deal with the holy. Dracula seems infinite is his power -- and the characters in the story as well as the audience must deal with that endless power. In regards to Dracula, Schneider states that "Dracula is not simply about a monster, it is about the mysterious force which permits monstrosities."

As part of Dresser's research, she asked people what they found so appealing about the vampire. The answers she reports reveal incredible diversity. Qualities mentioned include: eroticism, immortality, power, victimization, beauty, elegance, romanticism, the supernatural, mystery, and the unknown. Of these, three were mentioned most often, the first of which was sexual attraction. People found the biting and blood-sucking element of the vampire extremely sexual. They also found the fact that vampires are immortal quite appealing. This should come as no surprise, given that we live in an age where science strives to prolong lives as our population continues to age. The third major appeal of the vampire is power. The vampire's dominance in the biting of its victim was especially highlighted in this category. All three of these appeals are supported with extensive testimony by vampire fans.


“Let me set you straight on something, Doctor. What you've "seen" so far is nothing. The world you live in's just the sugar-coated topping. There's another world beneath it, the real world -- and it's a freakin bloodbath.”
- Blade, BLADE


The Traditional description of a vampire is that of a predatory ghost who murders people to prolong its own unnatural existence, the vampire is actually the least attractive and most destructive of all monsters. Most common traditional belief is that what leaves the ground is actually a cloudy, blurred shape, tangible but soft to the touch that is sometimes described as a leather sack full of blood, featureless except for red, glowing eyes.

In most of central and eastern Europe, it’s held that a vampire will first seek out and attack the members of its family, then go on to neighbors and friends, before finally feeding on anyone within reach. In some areas, vampires are held to drink blood, usually by biting the chest of their victims. Other beliefs hold that vampires strangled their victims. Even a Vampire’s presence could spread illness and death. Most of the victims of vampire attacks die and stay dead.

All though vampire county, it’s held that vampires cannot endure the light of the sun and cannot cross running water, and it’s generally believed that they can be easily wounded or killed by sharp metal objects. Cremation, with or without staking, is the classic way to deal with a vampire. For killing vampires, the essential method was much the same everywhere: dig up the suspected vampire, drive a sharp stake through its heart, and burn the corpse to ashes


The Slavic people including most east Europeans from Russia to Serbia to Poland, have the richest vampire folklore and legends in the world.

The split between Orthodox and Roman Christianity caused a major difference in the development of vampire lore: The Orthodox church believed incorrupt bodies were vampires, while the Roman church believed they were saints.

Causes of vampirism included being born with a caul, teeth, or tail, being conceived on certain days, "irregular" death, excommunication, and improper burial rituals.

Preventive measures included placing a crucifix in the coffin, placing blocks under the chin to prevent the body from eating the shroud, nailing clothes to coffin walls for the same reason, or piercing the body with thorns or stakes.

Certain people would bury those believed to be potential vampires with scythes above their necks, so the dead would decapitate themselves as they rose.

Vampires could be destroyed by staking, decapitation (the Kashubs placed the head between the feet), burning, repeating the funeral service, sprinkling holy water on the grave, or exorcism.


Romania is surrounded by Slavic countries, so it is not surprising that Romanian and Slavic vampires are similar.

Romanian vampires are called Strigoi, based on the ancient Greek term strix for screech owl, which also came to mean demon or witch. There are different types of Strigoi. Strigoi vii are live witches who will become vampires after death. They can send out their souls at night to meet with other witches or with Strigoi i, which are reanimated bodies that return to suck the blood of family, livestock, and neighbors.

A person who died an unnatural death, or died before baptism, was doomed to become a vampire, as was the seventh child of the same sex in a family, the child of a pregnant woman who did not eat salt or who was looked at by a vampire. Moreover, being bitten by vampire meant certain condemnation to a vampiric existence after death.

Vampires, along with witches, were believed to be most active on the Eve of St George's Day, the night when all forms of evil were supposed to be abroad.

A vampire in the grave could be discerned by holes in the earth, an undecomposed corpse with a red face, or having one foot in the corner of the coffin.

Graves were often opened three years after the death of a child, five years after the death of a young person, or seven years after the death of an adult to check for vampirism.

Measures to prevent a person from becoming a vampire included removing the caul from a newborn and destroying it before the baby could eat any of it, careful preparation of dead bodies, including preventing animals from passing over the corpse, placing a thorny branch of wild rose in the grave, and placing garlic on windows and rubbing it on cattle.

To destroy a vampire, a stake was driven through the body, followed by decapitation and placing garlic in the mouth. By the 19th century, one would also shoot a bullet through the coffin. For resistant cases, the body was dismembered and the pieces burned, mixed with water, and given to family members as a cure.


Traditional Romani beliefs include the idea that the dead soul enters a world similar to ours except that there is no death. The soul stays around the body and sometimes wants to come back.

The ancient home of the Roma, India, has many mythical vampire figures. The most famous Indian deity associated with blood drinking is Kali, who has fangs, wears a garland of corpses or skulls and has four arms.

Female vampires could return, lead a normal life and even marry but would exhaust the husband.

Anyone who had a hideous appearance, was missing a finger, or had animal appendages, etc., was believed to be a vampire. If a person died unseen, he would become a vampire; likewise if a corpse swelled before burial. Plants or dogs, cats, or even agricultural tools could become vampires. Pumpkins or melons kept in the house too long would start to move, make noises or show blood.

To get rid of a vampire people would hire a Dhampir (the son of a vampire and his widow) or a Moroi to detect the vampire. To ward off vampires, gypsies drove steel or iron needles into a corpse's heart and placed bits of steel in the mouth, over the eyes, ears and between the fingers at the time of burial. They also placed hawthorn in the corpse's sock or drove a hawthorn stake through the legs. Further measures included driving stakes into the grave, pouring boiling water over it, decapitating the corpse, or burning it.


Another interesting origin of the vampire is the negative image of the Christ. The vampire is the total negation of all the symbol of the Eucharestia as Dracula sucks the blood that Jesus is giving away. More interesting is the process of contamination by which the Vampire is dividing himself into new Vampires by having them drunk his own dark blood, thus the “giving away” of his own blood. Christ is the source, an energy that radiates, and a supernovae. Dracula is the end, a place where nothing comes out, and a black hole. Both are lying on wood before they die – Christ against a cross and Dracula in the wooden coffin. The nails of the cross correspond to the fangs of the vampire. Christ dies loosing his blood from the wounds caused by the nails on the Golgotha as Dracula sucks the blood with his fangs causing his victim’s death for his own survival. There is a parallel between the roman soldier that put his spear into Jesus’ chest and the killing of the vampire through the perforation of his heart with a stake. To the holy couple sun/dove correspond the satanic couple moon/bat.


Psychic vampires are people who have the ability, consciously or unconsciously of draining energy from others. Whether this ability was developed through meditation, mentally altering drug usage, or inherited, it can be used by the Psychic Vampire to drain energy for its own use.

Although psychic vampirism seems to be a relatively recent phenomenon, legends about vampire-like beings that drain the body of its energy or 'life-force', soul or vitality, who use humans as a means of procreation, predate blood-drinking revenants by thousands of years.


“They're vampire wanna-bes. If they're loyal, if they prove themselves, then their masters will turn them.”
- Blade, BLADE

The Blood Fetish Vampire is a human that has a strange attraction to blood. Although blood induces vomiting in humans, these Blood Fetish Vampires are able to swallow it. Blood cannot be digested by humans for energy, and is no different in these Blood Fetish Vampires, which pass the blood out in their dung, urine, and sweat gland excretions. There really is no explanation as to why certain humans have these blood fetishes, but some of the afflicted actually believe they are Biological Vampires. They may bleach their skin lighter, sleep in coffins, or have their teeth capped to create fangs. Classic and Biological vampires, being immune to all forms of disease, have nothing to worry about by drinking blood. However, these Blood Fetish Vampires can contract AIDS, or any other communicable disease via the blood they ingest.


"This is no ordinary gun."


Samuel Colt was born in Hartford, Connecticut on July 19, 1814. As a boy, he attended the local school, and he also worked in his father's textile mill. He was fascinated with machinery even as a youngster, and enjoyed taking things apart to see how they worked. Among the mechanical devices that he tinkered with were his father's firearms, disassembling and reassembling them. When he was just 15 years old, Samuel decided he needed more adventure than the mill offered him, so he found a ship that was building a crew, and he signed on as a sailor and went to sea.

According to legend, it was while at sea that Samuel Colt developed his idea for a pistol with a revolving cylinder. The legends vary, but some say it was while on deck watching the ship's wheel that he came up with the idea. Others say that it was while observing the operation of the ship's capstan that spawned the idea. Whatever the inspiration was, Samuel Colt did invent the revolver, which transformed a firearm from a single-shot device to a multiple-shot device. In 1835, Colt obtained his first European patent on his revolver, and in 1836 he patented his invention in the United States. He established a factory to manufacture firearms in Paterson, New Jersey, in 1836. But his revolving cartridge firearm was slow to gain acceptance, and the business, Patent Arms Manufacturing, closed down in 1842.

Samuel Colt was an inventor at heart, however. When his firearms business failed, he looked around and saw other areas that needed solutions. Colt was one of those extraordinary people who could see a problem or a need and could then envision a way to make things work. He saw so much potential in the discoveries and technologies of his day, that he just had to try and put them to use. He had experience in firearms, explosives, ships, and the sea, and so he used his experience and imagination to develop a device that could set off an underwater explosive by remote control. Later he became involved in telegraph technology, and developed the first underwater telegraph cable. In 1847 Colt rekindled his firearms business when the U.S. Army contacted him to purchase a sizable quantity of his revolvers. Colt was able to fulfill the government's request and it was the boost he needed to focus on firearms again.

As Colt's firearms business began to boom, he was looking to the future again. He opened a facility in England, advancing his international reputation, and he began to purchase land along the Connecticut River to construct a new facility there. In 1855, he completed construction of his new Hartford manufacturing plant, which was the largest private arms manufacturing facility in the world. Here he implemented new ideas in manufacturing, including the use of interchangeable parts, production lines, and advanced precision machinery. The Colt name became famous worldwide as demand for his products grew. Colt firearms were known for their high quality and dependability, and Samuel Colt became a very wealthy man.

Samuel Colt died in 1862 at the age of 47 in Hartford, but his wife Elizabeth took over and the company continued to thrive. Colt weapons were widely used in the Civil War, and the Colt .45 calibre Peacemaker model became synonymous with America's West.


Invented by Samuel Colt, a gun named after it’s inventor “Colt,” and after it’s revolving cylinder. Before the Colt revolver only one and two-barrel flintlock pistols had been invented for hand held use. Colt revolvers were all based on cap-and-ball technology until the Smith and Wesson license on the board-through cylinder (bought from Rollin White) expired around 1869.


“Back in 1835, when Halley’s Comet was overhead, same night those men died at the Alamo, they said Samuel Colt made a gun. A special gun. He made it for a hunter, a man like us- only on horseback. Story goes, he only made 13 bullets. This hunter used the gun a half dozen times before he disappeared- the gun along with him… They say this gun can kill anything.”



“Hey, there’s salt over here right inside the door… you mean protection against evil salt? Or oops I spilled the popcorn salt?…It’s clearly a ring.”

A positive symbol of protection used against demons and evils protecting or trapping anything within it.

Thanks to:
MONSTERS by John Michael Greer

Wikipedia & &



Inside the Legend: Salvation


"If hunting this demon means you getting yourself killed - then I hope we never find the damn thing."


A demon is stated as being a supernatural being, that does not have a body of flesh and blood, who has generally been described as a malevolent spirit that is frequently depicted as force that may be conjured and insecurely controlled. Demons are not usually subject to human visibility or our other senses. In the Dark Ages and Middle Ages, demons were thought able to travel on the earth invisibly, but to assume physical bodies at will. To manifest themselves among men, they must possess or control a physical body of a person or an animal.

In order to tempt human beings, demons need to remain invisible while they whisper seductive words or cause opportunities to commit sin to fall across the paths of their intended victims. The modern demon is thought to punish those who give in to its temptations by possessing the victim's body and using it against the victim and the loved ones of the victim. Frequently the possessing demon causes the victim to commit a horrible crime, such as the mass murder of elementary school children, before committing suicide.


Most scholars acknowledge that Judeo-Christianity owes a great debt to Zoroastrianism in regards to the introduction of angelology and demonology, as well as Satan (Ahriman) as the ultimate agent of evil.


Information concerning demonology is found in the Hebrew text Tanakh. Tanakh states that there are two classes of demons, the Se’irim and the Shedim. The Se’irim, “hairy beings,” were typically offered sacrifices in open fields and are described as being Satyr-like creatures that danced in the wilderness. The Shedim were used in kabbalistic ceremonies and often are responsible for cases of demonic possession.


In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus casts out many demons, or evil spirits, from those who are afflicted with various ailments. In the Book of Acts a group of Judaistic exorcists known as the sons of Sceva try to cast out a very powerful spirit without believing in or knowing Jesus , but fail with disastrous consequences. The contemporary Roman Catholic Church unequivocally teaches that angels and demons are real personal beings, not just symbolic devices.


According to Christian mythology, when God created angels, he offered them the same choice he was to offer humanity: follow, or be cast apart from him. Some angels chose not to follow God, instead choosing the path of evil. These are not the fallen angels, but are the pre-human entities known as demons. The fallen angels are the host of angels who later rebelled against God, headed by Lucifer (who became known as Satan after his rebellion against God). And later the 200 angels known as the Grigori, led by Semyazza, Azazel and other angelic chiefs, some of whom became the demons that were conjured by King Solomon and imprisoned in the brass vessel, the Goetia demons, descended to Earth and cohabited with the daughters of men.


Demons are more likely to appear in an attractive form so that even Christians are fooled by them. Paul warned them that even "Satan himself masquerades as an angel of light. It is not surprising, then, if his servants masquerade as servants of righteousness" (2 Corinthians 11:14-15). In traditional black magic, demons have usually two shapes : a monstrous one and a pleasant one. The pleasant one can be a beautiful woman or an elegant good-looking man. When a demon is of high authority, it appears in human form. Demons in animal forms are of lesser importance. Still less in rank are demons that come in the shapes of insects or plants. And last in importance are demons that appear as objects, regardless of what is claimed for him.



Holy water is water that has been blessed, typically through the use of a rosary and various chants of religious importance. Holy water is chemically indistinguishable from ordinary water. Once consecrated, more ordinary water can be added to the supply of holy water, and the entire quantity of water remains consecrated provided that the amount added is less than the amount of water that was there. Holy water can in fact be consecrated upon any day in the liturgical calendar except Easter Sunday and Pentecost itself. Holy water is used in Orthodox rites of blessing and exorcism, and is the water normally used for baptisms.

The ritual of preparing holy water is itself in form an exorcism; the priest first exorcises the salt, and then the water itself; the traditional Latin formula for exorcising and blessing the water is:

Exorcizo te, creatura aquæ, in nomine Dei Patris omnipotentis, et in nomine Jesu Christi, Filii ejus Domini nostri, et in virtute Spiritus Sancti: ut fias aqua exorcizata ad effugandam omnem potestatem inimici, et ipsum inimicum eradicare et explantare valeas cum angelis suis apostaticis, per virtutem ejusdem Domini nostri Jesu Christ: qui venturus est judicare vivos et mortuos et sæculum per ignem.

(I exorcise thee in the name of God the Father almighty, and in the name of Jesus Christ His Son, our Lord, and in the power of the Holy Ghost, that you may be able to put to flight all the power of the enemy, and be able to root out and supplant that enemy and his apostate angels; through the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, who will come to judge the living and the dead and the world by fire.)

Deus, qui ad salutem humani generis maxima quæque sacramenta in aquarum substantia condidisti: adesto propitius invocationibus nostris, et elemento huic, multimodis purificationibus præparato, virtutem tuæ benedictionis infunde; ut creatura tua, mysteriis tuis serviens, ad abigendos dæmones morbosque pellendos divinæ gratiæ sumat effectum; ut quidquid in domibus vel in locis fidelium hæc unda resperserit careat omni immunditia, liberetur a noxa. Non illic resideat spiritus pestilens, non aura corrumpens: discedant omnes insidiæ latentis inimici; et si quid est quod aut incolumitati habitantium invidet aut quieti, aspersione hujus aquæ effugiat: ut salubritas, per invocationem sancti tui nominis expetita, ab omnibus sit impugnationibus defensa. Per Dominum, amen.

(God, Who for the salvation of the human race has built your greatest mysteries upon this substance, in your kindness hear our prayers and pour down the power of your blessing into this element, prepared by many purifications. May this your creation be a vessel of divine grace to dispel demons and sicknesses, so that everything that it is sprinkled on in the homes and buildings of the faithful will be rid of all unclean and harmful things. Let no pestilent spirit, no corrupting atmosphere, remain in those places: may all the schemes of the hidden enemy be dispelled. Let whatever might trouble the safety and peace of those who live here be put to flight by this water, so that health, gotten by calling Your holy name, may be made secure against all attacks. Through the Lord, amen.)


Salvation refers to the liberation from an undesirable state of evil. It can also refer to the source or means of deliverance.


An amulet is an object worn, typically around one’s neck, to ward off evil or prevent injury


A string of prayer beads, most commonly used in the Catholic Church. A system of set prayers is said on the beads as devotion to the Virgin Mary.

Thanks to:
Wikipedia &



Inside the Legend: Devil's Trap


“More and more demons are walking amongst us- a lot more”

The Catholic Church has a cadre of officially sanctioned exorcists which perform many exorcisms each year. The exorcists of the Catholic Church teach that demons attack humans continually but that afflicted persons can be effectively healed and protected.


Demonic possession may last for relatively brief periods of time for any one individual. The rest of the time, the victim of demon possession may appear normal by social standards. Only when a demon is in residence will its presence be detectable in terms of the behavior of the victim. The behavior of these short-term victims of demon possession is characterized by four basic symptoms. These symptoms may appear alone or in groups, for just seconds of time, and in varying degrees of intensity. Although the demon (or demons) may never manifest itself openly by causing the victim to speak in a coarse, guttural voice or to act out in an antisocial manner, a study of the past behavior of such a person will reveal the presence of violence, lust, greed, and/or an unnatural power of persuasion.


Violence in this sense is referring to: serial killers, serial arsonists, etc. Massacre killers are clearly demon possessed, whether the scene of the crime is a school yard, a restaurant, or a commuter train. However, after the demonic urge to kill has passed, such a murderer may appear calm, in complete control, and even contrite. This is because of the intermittent nature of modern demon possession. This can also be seen through acts of extreme violence against members of one’s own family, for instance Ronald Dafeo’s murders (Amityville case). Suicide is frequently associated with demon possession, especially in teens and in adults, where there is no discernible cause. If a demon can induce a person to commit suicide who has not yet accepted Jesus Christ as a personal Savior, Satan has won the battle for that soul forever.


Lust is sexual activity outside the bonds and bounds of legal marriage. This includes fornication (sexual intercourse between two persons who are not married), adultery (sexual intercourse when one or both parties are married to someone else), homosexuality, incest, bestiality (sex activities between humans and animals), and child molestation.

Demons are drawn by a human's interest in illicit sex. Therefore, using pornography in combination with indulging in sexual fantasies is dangerous. Regarding using pornography, Ted Bundy said, "Like an addiction, you keep craving something which is harder, something which gives you a greater sense of excitement until you reach the point where the pornography only goes so far. You reach that jumping off point where you begin to wonder if maybe actually doing it will give you that which is beyond reading about it or looking at it."

When two people are both demon possessed, they may have a lustful affinity for each other which defies all logic. As a minimum, such lustful affinity causes the end of marriages and careers. Often, demon-induced lust leads to murder, completing the profile.


The sense here is typical greed, but taken to the next level. The lusting for power and money. Problems in this area which relate to demon possession range from irrational shoplifting to overselling time shares.


The modern cult leader is a classic example of a person with a demon enhanced power of persuasion. This is persuasive power which goes beyond a charismatic personality coupled with effective communication skills. This is the kind of persuasion which can convince large groups of people to band together with no visible and logical reasons for doing so. A cursory review of the lives of contemporary cultists will show an unnatural power of persuasion coupled with violence, lust, or greed in case after case.


The casual reader of the Bible may not be aware that there are at least two cases documented by Doctor Luke where a disability was caused by a demon. In Luke 11:14, a man who didn't speak was able to amaze the crowd with his speaking ability after Jesus drove out his demon.

The second case involved a woman who appeared to have a severe physical disability and hadn't stood up straight for 18 years because of a demon. In Luke 13:10-13, she stood straight when Jesus placed his hands on her and healed her.

It would be dangerous to assume that every person with a disability is demon possessed. However, we may never know how many such cases do involve demons.


Population experts believe the number of people alive today exceeds all the people who have died since the dawn of creation. This means that demons today have to cover more territory -- in terms of human beings -- than at any time in the history of the human race. One way demons can accomplish this feat is through what computer experts refer to as time-sharing. Although they are not omnipresent in the same sense as God is everywhere at the same time, apparently they can move from point to point at very high speeds.

The concept of time-sharing explains how a person can be a murderer or child molester one moment and the next moment, may appear calm, rational, and even brilliant. Demons may zap in out of victims at the speed of light, sometimes staying for just a few seconds at a time. The rest of the time, a victim can appear normal by social standards.

The unnatural power of persuasion coupled with the intermittent nature of the possession enables the primary victim to lie with a straight face. This makes it extremely difficult for anyone to believe that what appears to be a fine, upstanding citizen such as a teacher, minister, lawyer, doctor, boy scout leader, nationally-known televangelist, or major politician could ever be guilty as accused.

The concept of demonic time-sharing is illustrated in ABC's mini-series of Stephen King's "The Stand" as aired the week of May 7, 1994. In this dramatic portrayal, the character of demon-possessed Randall Flagg, as played by Jamey Sheridan, is seen as a suave, persuasive, personable individual much of the time. However, when Flagg is aroused by rage or lust, his handsome face dissolves into the visage of a horrible demon, with behavior to match. In an interview with "TV Guide" that week, King said, "Flagg, Koresh, Jim Jones, Hitler -- they're all basically the same guy."


All persons who make a point of worshipping Satan are eventually demon possessed. Both Christians and Satan worshipers begin their services with an invocation. The occult invocation involves calling Satan to come into the presence of the worshipers, just as Christians pray for the presence of the Holy Spirit when they worship. Demons heed the Satanic invocation and come in droves to enter the occult worshipers.

Persons who have become demon possessed through occult practices and Satan worship have the same hope of a solution as any other demon possessed person.


The presence of a “spiritual vacuum” in the soul is a common condition that always puts humans at risk of demonic possession. When the Holy Spirit is not present in the soul, it becomes easy for a demon or demons to take up residence. Sometimes, it is difficult to discern the difference between causes and effects of demon possession. As our secular society struggles to rid itself of all aspects of religion, more and more people are left with spiritual vacuums in their private lives as well as their corporate public life. When this spiritual vacuums exists, any one of a multitude of activities and practices may draw the interest of demons.


There are various causes that could lead to demonic possession:

1. Interest in the Occult
2. Hypnotism
3. Extra- Sensory Perception: Mind control, meditation, “relaxation tapes”
4. Fortune Telling, Palm Reading, & Tarot Cards
5. Séances
6. Ghosts and Haunted Houses
7. Demonic Games
8. Pornographic material and obscene material
9. Mind altering drugs
10. Multiple Personalities (Note: not all cases)
11. Homosexual behavior


Demons go as far back as the war in heaven, since that time, the same fallen angels, as demons, have possessed countless human beings in generation after generation. That's why a person can claim to speak from bygone centuries. The soul has not been reincarnated. It is merely possessed by a demon, or perhaps more than one, who has possessed countless humans before it. This goes for celebrities and non-celebrities alike who claim to be channels for the dead to speak, with or without the use of crystals. If a human alive today has supernatural knowledge of the past, this is nothing but the capricious activities of demons.


If a demon acts friendly or appears to do good deeds, the real objectives are to bring glory to Satan, to draw humans into addictive occult practices, or to draw attention to the demon's own evil activities.

Let's say a self-proclaimed psychic goes to the police and offers his or her services in helping to find a child who has been missing for several days. The psychic then begins to visualize in frightening detail the circumstances surrounding the case: kidnapping, sexual assault, murder, and hasty burial, complete with the location of the makeshift grave. A police investigation confirms that all details revealed by the psychic are unfortunately true. The psychic may be well-meaning and would not be considered demon-possessed under normal circumstance.. But, since this person has consciously or unconsciously invoked supernatural power to solve a mystery, a demon has answered the call with visualizations of great detail. It may be the very demon who earlier possessed the perpetrator while the crime was committed. The demon or demons involved in this hypothetical case has no altruistic motives. Providing comfort for the grieving family is not an issue. The demon wants everyone to know what has been accomplished under its influence so Satan and all the other demons can get the glory.

Sometimes successful psychics come up empty and receive no images which can contribute to the solution of the crime. When an experienced psychic draws a blank, it may be because there was no demon involvement in the crime.


Ted Bundy was featured in a February 1996 A & E cable broadcast of the program Biography moderated by Jack Perkins. The program said this about an outside force which contributed to Bundy's crimes:

"He would feel that he heard a voice. Now again, he would never admit that he "heard voices," because he knew that was insane. But, he would describe someone as "another Ted" . This other Ted would start talking to him in this growling voice and point out that this woman thinks you could never have her. 'Look at her walking by. What is she thinking about you ...' And work him up into this hatred where then he would start this process of stalking ..."


Jeffrey Dahmer is a also a classic example of a demon-possessed criminal. He exhibited the obvious symptoms of lust and violence. His unnatural power of persuasion may be less well known but no less clear.

On the night of his first murders, while taking his dismembered male victim to the dump in garbage bags, he was stopped by a cop for wandering over the center line. He was such a smooth talker, the cop issued a ticket and let him go.

Near the end of his killing spree, a drugged male victim came awake while Dahmer was out for beer, and ran naked into the street, looking for help. A passerby called 9-1-1 and Dahmer convinced the cops it was just a lovers' quarrel. Later that night, he killed the boy.

According to a Biography script on June 18, 1998, "... Jeffrey was ... always quite willing to blame the devil for taking over his soul ... "


Human service workers across the country are alarmed at the rapidly-rising rate of suicide among teenagers. Demons are drawn to humans who are involved in violence, illicit sex, and who use drugs. The number of teenagers who are experimenting with illicit sex, drugs, or both is extremely high. That means that the demons are having a field day, zapping from teen to teen with implanted thoughts of self-destruction. Note: In Christian belief, suicide is one of the worst sins to commit with the only consequence being the harshest of all- eternal damnation.


1. Rely on the Holy Spirit for the power to live above the power of sin
2. Find a counselor & helper
3. Believe in Jesus Christ “your lord and savior”
4. Pray, read the bible, and attend church regularly



“Key of Solomon? It’s the real deal, alright.”

The Key of Solomon is a grimoire or book on magic attributed to King Solomon. The copies we know of originated in the Middle Ages and later and it is of particular interest in the field of demonology.

The Key of Solomon, divided in two books, contains the conjurations and invocations to summon spirits of the dead (preferably in battle) and spirits from Hell (not specified whether demons or punished souls, but it is understandable from the purpose of the texts that those spirits are demons), and to protect the conjurer (called exorcist in the book) from them and against an attempt of possession. There are curses to oblige reluctant spirits to obey.

According to the Key of Solomon animals must be sacrificed as offerings to the summoned spirits as a sine qua non (essential) condition, which is common in medieval books on "black magic".

The book contains instructions to practice necromancy, experiments of invisibility, to cause harm to others, etc., and the zodiacal time appropriate for each experiment. All magic instrumental needed to perform the experiments is detailed, and also the form to make it.


“ You get a demon in - they’re trapped. Powerless. It’s like a Satanic roach motel."


“It’s called a Devil’s Trap. Demons can’t get through it or inside it. It basically turns the trunk into a lockbox.”


Thanks to: Demon Possession Handbook by J.F. “Jeff” Coogan & Wikipedia

And with that, we wrap up the INSIDE THE LEGEND for Season 1. More Unraveling of the Legends for seasons To come. Be sure to always check back as UpdateS concerning the supernaTural bEcoMe available. PrESenTing you with up to date Answers to the questionS in the dark.

Behind the Legends/Season Two
Inside the Legend: In My Time Of Dying


Out Of Body Experience

“You ever hear of an out-of-body experience?”

The experience of floating outside of, and in some cases seeing one’s physical body from a place outside one’s body. This usually occurs spontaneously and is linked to dangerous circumstances, a dream-like state, a near death experience, or use of psychedelic drugs. In this episode Dean tells Tessa that if they are having an out of body experience if means they are spirits of people close to death.

People often report having these experiences after suffering from traumatic experiences such as motor vehicle accidents. People can often remember the accident as if they were observing from a location outside of the vehicle.

In some cases the feeling of being outside the body was something suddenly realized after the fact; the subjects saw their bodies almost by accident. Those who experience an OBE may note that the subjective experience is much longer than the objective time passing. Many out of body experiences end with a feeling of suddenly "popping" or "snapping" back into their bodies.

The phenomenology of an NDE usually includes physiological, psychological and transcendental factors such as subjective impressions of being outside the physical body, visions of deceased relatives and religious figures, transcendence of ego and spatiotemporal boundaries and other transcendental experiences. Typically the experience follows a distinct progression, starting with the sensation of floating above one's body and seeing the surrounding area, followed by the sensation of passing through a tunnel, meeting deceased relatives, and concluding with encountering a being of light.

Bilocation, Crises Apparitions, and Fetches

“It’s actually a very old idea, it has a lot of different names: bilocation, crises apparitions, fetches.”

Bilocation is the ostensibly supernatural act of appearing or being in two or more locations simutaneously.

Crises apparitions can be described as the figure or the voice of a living being who is experiencing a crises- such as an accident or death- and is never seen or heard. "Sammy tell me you can freakin’ hear me man!" A crises apparition can occur at any time and anywhere, there have been more than 10,000 accounts recorded. The theory being Crises Apparitions is that typically the ghosts appear only once to a loved one who may be many miles away at the time of the accident. This phenomenon can also manifest in the person hearing a voice of a friend or loved one with some message or warning while the person who is heard speaking is no where near and totally unaware that this has occurred. Most of these crisis apparitions occur at a moment of great crisis or death when a person is in some form of danger or pain. The person in crisis is not aware that they are doing this. It is explained and often agreed that these apparitions are the externalization of an unconsciously received telepathic impressions. Other testimonies reveal projections of future events where the subject will attend a scene that will only happen in the future just as a dream.

Fetches are apparitions of someone who will soon die, usually within a year from the sighting. Fetches usually do not interact with humans and are totally oblivious to the surrounding world. They are most often spotted by the ill-fated individual's relatives or loved ones, who will recognize the fetch. In some instances, the fetch is encountered by the person whose death the phantom foretells. These spirits may be accompanied by another type of ghost, such as a phantom ship.


“There’s only one thing that can give and take life like that- we’re dealing with a reaper” Death as a living, sentient entity is a concept that has existed in all known societies since the beginnings of recorded history. “Reapers can alter human perception. Basically they can make themselves appear however they want.” Reapers, death, cannot be killed, and if it appears naturally there is no way to stop it.


“If it is, it means that we’re spirits of people close to death”

A daemon sprite, or ghost, is usually conceived as a wandering spirit from a being no longer living, having survived the death of the body yet maintaining the mind and consciousness. A daemon, not to be confused with demon, is a good or malevolent supernatural being in Greek Mythology.

Vengeful Spirits

“You’ll stay here for years, disembodied, scared, and over the decades it will probably drive you mad. Maybe you’ll even get violent. Dean, how do you think angry spirits are born? They can’t let go and they can’t move on. You’re about to become one. The same thing you hunt.”

Oija Boards

Ouija is a belief that one can receive messages during a séance through the usage of a Ouija board and planchette. Ouija boards are also referred to as “talking board” and “spirit board.” Ouija boards are a trademark of the Parker Brothers.

During the late 1800s, planchettes were widely sold as a novelty. In 1890, the first Ouija board was invented by Elijah Bond and Charles Kennard. William Fuld, an employee of Kennard, claimed that he invented the Ouija board and soon began production of his own boards, ever since he became synonymous with the Ouija board. In 1966, Fuld sold his entire business to the Parker Brother, who continue to hold all trademarks and patients.

A Ouija board is operated by one or more users. They place the planchette on the board and then rest their fingers on the planchette. The users start by moving the planchette around the board and speaking to the entity (or entities) they wish to summon; they then begin asking questions of it. Eventually the planchette will come to rest on one letter after another, spelling out a message. Often an additional participant records the messages on paper. As with automatic writing, the messages are often vague and open to interpretation, or complete gibberish.

Some believe ouija boards to be dangerous. Religious critics warn that evil demons pretend to be cooperative ghosts in order to trick players into becoming spiritually possessed. Some practitioners claim to have had bad experiences related to the use of talking boards by being haunted by demons, seeing apparitions of spirits, and hearing voices after using these boards.

The accepted scientific theory of Ouija boards is that the participants are subconsciously making small, involuntary, physical movements using a well-known, and well-understood, phenomenon called the ideomotor effect. Skeptic and magician James Randi, in his book, points out that when blind folded, Ouija board operators are unable to produce intelligible messages. Believers in Ouija boards, however, state that blindfolding the actual contact is actually a handicap to the whole exercise because it is believed that the contacted spirits utilize the eyes of the medium during the Ouija session, in order to point to the letters and words needed to form a message.

New Age

“What are you some New Agey Guy”

The term New Age describes a broad movement of late 20th century and contemporary Western culture, characterised by an individual eclectic approach to spiritual exploration. Many of the ideas of the New Age movement are elements of older spiritual and religious traditions, from both east and west, melded with modern ideas from science especially psychology and ecology. Rather than following the lead of an organised religion, "New Agers" typically construct their own spiritual journey based on material taken as needed from the mystical traditions of the worlds religions, also including shamanism, neopaganism and occultism.

The name New Age was popularized by the American mass media during the late 1980s, to describe the alternative spiritual subculture interested in such things as meditation, channelling, reincarnation, crystals, psychic experience, holistic health, environmentalism, other fields associated with pseudoscience and anomalous phenomena, and various ¡°unsolved mysteries¡± such as UFOs, Earth mysteries and Crop circles.

“You see me messing with crystals or listening to Yanni”

Most of Yanni’s early music relied heavily on the synthesizer and received little airplay, except on New Age radio stations in larger markets. Although many fans and critics call his music "New Age," Yanni has tried to distance himself from that label. In his autobiography, Yanni devotes an entire chapter to the subject, stating that he prefers to call his music "contemporary instrumental."

The Sigil of Azazel

The sigil of Azazel is the symbol that John draws as he is preparing to summon the demon.

The name Azazel is most commonly used as a reference to Satan or a fallen angel. According to the Book of Enoch, Azazel was the leader of the grigori (also known as "watchers"), a group of fallen angels who mated with mortal women, giving rise to a race of hybrids known as the Nephilim. Often said to be one of the world's first evils, he is commonly placed high in Hell's hierarchy.

By drawing the sigil of Azazel, John is drawing a sigil, a symbol that is used for magical purposes, of the devil. Conjuration is the act of summoning one or more spirits with a predetermined purpose. The conjurer performs some type of ritual to call upon the spirit and often times this includes using certain magic symbols drawn on the floor and/or alter. The conjurer will usually perform this at a specific time; Depending on what they are conjuring it could be done at a specific time during the day/night according to the alignment of the planets. Incense, candles and potions are commonly used coupled with a specific spell to summon a spirit.


“Come on, Sam. Go find some hoodo priest to lay some mojo on me.”

Hoodoo is a 200-year old practice of magic based on elements of voodoo, Appalachian folk magic, and related traditions.

Acacia oil of Abramelin

“That stuff from Bobby. You don’t use it to ward off a Demon, you use it to summon one.”

Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees of Gondwanian origin first described from Africa by Linnaeus in 1773. There are roughly 1300 species of this plant worldwide spread around the dry tropical warm-temperate regions. Generally the leaves of acacias are feather like, having leaflets or primary divisions arranged on each side of a common stalk. In some species, the leaflets are suppressed, and the leaf-stalks become vertically flattened. A few species don’t have leaves, but instead a modified leaf-like photosynthetic stems functioning as leaves. The small flowers on this plant have five, very small petals, and are arranged in dense clusters. In most species they are yellow or cream-colored but can be white, purple or red. Accaia is used for medical, ornamental, culinary or pharmacological uses.

Abramelin is a ceremonial magical oil blended from aromatic plant materials. The recipe is adapted from the Jewish Holy Oil of the Tanakh, which is described in the Book of Exodus attributed to Moses. There are several very similar recipes of the oil, but the original was made up of Myrrh, Cinnamon, Cassia, Calamus, and Olive oil. Many traditions of magic also assign symbolic meanings to these ingredients. In the Jewish tradition the Olive is a symbol of domestic felicity and stability. Myrrh is believed to be sacred to the Lord, Calamus is known for its sweetness and stands for male sexuality and love, while Cinamon is favored for its warming ability. In hoodo folk magic, these symbolisms are slightly changed: Myrrh and Olive remain the same, but Cinnamon is for money and luck, and Calamus is used to sweetly control others.


An appendicectomy (or appendectomy) is the surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. This procedure is normally performed as an emergency procedure, when the patient is suffering from acute appendicitis. In the absence of surgical facilities, intravenous antibiotics are used to delay or avoid the onset of sepsis; it is now recognised that many cases will resolve when treated non-operatively. In some cases the appendicitis resolves completely; more often, an inflammatory mass forms around the appendix. This is a relative contraindication to surgery.

Appendicectomy may be performed laparoscopically or as an open operation. Laparoscopy is often used if the diagnosis is in doubt, or if it is desirable to hide the scars in the umbilicus or in the pubic hair line. Recovery may be a little quicker with laparoscopic surgery; the procedure is more expensive and resource-intensive than open surgery and generally takes a little longer, with the (low in most patients) additional risks associated with pneumoperitoneum (inflating the abdomen with gas). Advanced pelvic sepsis occasionally requires a lower midline laparotomy.



Inside the Legend: Everybody Loves A Clown


“Rakshasa. It’s a race of ancient Hindu creatures. They appear in human form, they feed on human flesh, they can make themselves invisible, and they cannot enter a home without first being invited to.”

Rakshasas are completely evil and are infamous for disturbing sacrifices, desecrating graves, harassing priests, possessing human beings, and so on. They are also known to be powerful creatures that delight in spreading fear, confusion, chaos, and destruction among human families and communities, finishing the trouble they cause in a murderous, ghoulish feast upon human flesh. Because of their delight in the mental torture of their victims, Rakshasas are considered to be the most feared of all creatures.

Different appearances

Rakshasas are also shapeshifters. They prefer their human forms to all others, due the ability to freely mix and participate in human affairs. The most common appearances that Rakshasas take on, however, is that of a tiger and that of a monkey.

In their natural form most Rakshasas have poisonous fingernails and teeth.

Rakshasas just love that flesh

“Rakshasas live in squalor. They sleep on a bed of dead insects and they have to feed a few times every 20 to 30 years – slow metabolism, I guess.”

A common goal of a Rakshasa is to take on a human guise and cause as much division and hatred as possible, especially within one family or group they have chosen as victim. The final goal is to have this hatred erupt into brutal violence, once the violence is over the rakshasa settles down to its ghoulish feast.

The most common method that the Rakshasa uses in it’s “hunt” for human flesh involves using their formidable mental abilities to disguise themselves as a trusted friend or companion. They usually only keep that ruse up long enough to get the victim alone, and then they will strike.

How to hunt a rakshasa

“Legend goes a dagger made of pure brass.”

The thing that makes a Rakshasa an even bigger pain in the neck is that they cannot be affected by most magical spells, although some magical weapons can fry these suckers. Luckily, all Rakasahas have a common weakness- in that any crossbow bolt blessed by a priest will kill them… instantly!

The origin of rakshasas

According to The Ramayana (an ancient Sanskrit epic), Rakshasas were created from the Brahma’s foot. While other sources state that they descended from Pulastya, Khasa, Nirriti, or Nirrita. Another source states that a Rakshasa was a particularly wicked human being in a previous incarnation.

A demonic organization

Rakshasas are a highly organized evil race of spirits. They are an honorable race in their own way and are very devoted to their own dark gods, never mind that they view humans as nothing more than livestock! The female rakashasas easily outnumber the males about two to one.

Rakshasas are immortal, each spirit is eventually born anew in the body of a newborn rakshasa and will grow to have full memory of its previous lives. They have been known to hold grudges over a span of many lifetimes, and will almost certainly try to avenge their previous deaths.

Evil Clowns


An extreme fear of clowns, induced by heavy makeup, nose, and a wig used to conceal a wearer's identity.

Phantom Clowns accost New England

“I told him an urban legend about a homicidal phantom clown.”

Let’s face it, deep down inside we’ve always suspected that clowns were up to no good. Whether, it’s the frightening wigs, the garish outfits, or the nightmarish face paint, there’s just something creepy and disturbing about these so-called happy hobos and harlequins. In 1981, people’s deep-rooted fear of clowns seemed to be justified, as a rash of evil-clown sightings swept across the country. In the following report, Loren Coleman, a noted delver into the unknown tracks the bizarre case of these masquerading menaces.


In the spring of 1981, Boston, Massachusetts, appears to have been the port of entry for a strange new version of the Pied Piper story. During the first week of May, some individuals in multicolored clothes began trying to entice schoolchildren into coming along with them.

On May 6, 1981, the Boston police, responding to persistent complaints, warned parents and school officials that men in clown suits were harassing elementary schoolchildren. One of the men was seen wearing a clown suit just from the waist up; from the waist down he was naked. According to reports, the clown had driven a black van near the recreational horseshoe site of Franklin Park in the Roxbury area of Boston. He also appeared in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston near the Mary F. Curley School.

A day earlier, in the adjoining city of Brookline, two clown men reportedly tried to lure children into their van with offers of candy. The Brookline police had a good description of the van: older model, black, with ladders on the side, a broken front headlight, and no hubcaps. After the clown men and van had been seen near the Lawrence Elementary School on Longwood Avenue in Brookline, the police told school administrators to be “extra cautious.”

By May, 8 reports of clown men in vans harassing children had come in from East Boston, Charlestown, Cambridge, Randolph, and other cities near Boston. Police were stopping vehicles with clowns delivering birthday greetings and “clown-a-grams,” but no child molesters were arrested.

Frustrated policemen finally pointed out that virtually all of the reported sightings originated with children aged five to seven. The headlines in the May 9 issue of the Boston Globe told the story: POLICE DISCOUNT REPORTS OF CLOWNS BOTHERING KIDS. The public had been calmed, and that was the end of the story. Or so the papers could have had us believe.

The focus of activity now shifts a thousand miles west to Kansas City, Kansas, and Kansas City, Missouri. On the afternoon of May 22, police cruisers on the Missouri side crisscrossed the city chasing a knife-wielding clown in a yellow van that had been reported at six different elementary schools. Earlier in the day, at eight thirty, a mother had watched a yellow van approach her children as they walked to a school bus stop. The van stopped, and someone inside spoke to her two girls, who then screamed and fled; the vehicle sped away.

The children told their mother that a man dressed as a clown and carrying a knife had ordered them inside. By noon the police had received dozens of similar reports- of a clown in a yellow van. The calls did not taper off until five o’ clock that afternoon.

Residents of the two Kansas cities called it the Killer Clown Affair. Some parents in Kansas were even keeping their children out of school. Before long, “group hysteria” was touted as the explanation for the reports. But incidents continued. The police and volunteers were never able to capture any clowns, but witnesses insisted the costumed figures they had seen were real and not imaginary.

The story of the phantom clowns went unnoticed on a national scale until I began getting a hint we were in the midst of a major new phenomenon. Slowly, after contacting fellow researchers by phone and mail, I discovered that the phantom clown enigma went beyond Boston and Kansas City. Indeed, the reports filtering in demonstrated that a far-reaching mystery was developing. Local media in the individual cities were not aware they were living through a series of events that were occurring nationwide. The national media was not spreading the word, but something quite unusual happened in America in the spring of 1981.

But what was it that happened? Was it a group hysteria, as some newsmen would have us believe? Or more? Phantom clowns in at least six major cities, spanning over a thousand miles of America in the space of one month, is quite a mystery. Were the “clowns in vans” sighted elsewhere in the United States? Are they still being seen? Only time will tell.

Today people kindly try to inform me that the phantom clown sightings of 1981, were just mass hysteria caused by Stephen King’s It, which tells a scary story about a clown who tries to abduct children. But the first editions of Mr. King’s book were not published until 1986. So much for that theory.

Since those sightings in 1981, the world has become a much different place for children. The very real school violence and satanic scares of the last decades have taken a toll on innocence. Phantom clowns were sinister enough in 1981; in the twenty-first century, they are downright terrifying.

Perhaps the phantom clowns have something to tell us. Certainly the shadowy monklike figures mentioned so often in occult literature have become almost too commonplace and familiar. The Men in Black terrorizing UFO witnesses from their Cadillacs may be too obviously sinister. The denizens of the netherworld have apparently dreamed up a new nightmare to shock us. Leagues of phantom clowns in vans thus have now joined the scores of Fortean, ufological, and flying saucer “people” for a new chapter in the story. The cosmic joker is alive an well, and living in a clown suit.

WEIRD NEW ENGLAND. Introduction by Joseph A. Citro. Article by Loren Coleman. Transferred by Dean5339

Clowning Around

The first week of May, 1981, Daniel O'Connell, the Investigative Counselor of the Boston Public School Board, alerted the district's principals that "it has been brought to the attention of the police department and the district office that adults dressed as clowns have been bothering children to and from school. Please advise all students that they must stay away from strangers, especially ones dressed as clowns."

City-wide bulletins were issued by police seeking a man allegedly dressed in a clown suit from the waist up but otherwise naked, reportedly driving a black van in the Franklin park area of Roxbury on May 6. He was also repeatedly seen near an elementary school in Jamaica Plains.

Coleman quotes LaTanya Johnson, a then-sixth grade student at Fairfax Elementary School, who told the Kansas City Star of her sighting of the clown: He was by the fence and ran down through the big yard when some of the kids ran over there. He ran toward a yellow van. He was dressed in a black shirt with a devil on the front. He had two candy canes down each side of his pants. The pants were black too, I think; I don't remember much about his face.

The May 7 Boston Globe coverage states: Various reports about one or two men wearing clown outfits and driving a black van have been called in to authorities throughout the Greater Boston area for the past few weeks.

“We’ve had rumors, but nothing substantiated,” said Cambridge Police Captain Alan Hughes, on May 8 or 9. “Some schools in Cambridge were in a panic two or three weeks ago. It’s died down now…A woman in Jefferson Park called to say she’d seen a clown and we sent a car up there. Then she said, “Maybe I was imagining it.”

Officer O’Toole, a spokesman for the Boston Police, was quoted as saying: No adult or police officer has ever seen a clown. We’ve had calls saying there was a clown. We’ve had calls saying that there was a clown at a certain intersection and we happened to have police cars sitting there, and the officers saw nothing. We’ve had over 20 calls on 911. When the officers get there, no one tells them anything.

But Coleman makes a significant observation that suggests something else was going on: The story of the phantom clowns went unnoticed on a national scale until I began getting a hint we were in the midst of a major flap of a new phenomenon. Slowly, after contacting fellow researchers by phone and mail, I discovered the phantom clown enigma went beyond Boston, Kansas City, and Omaha. Indeed, the reports filtering into me demonstrated that a far reaching mystery was developing. In the individual cities, the local media were not aware they were living through a series of puzzling events that were occurring nationwide.

A fiery death bed


A structure, usually a mound of wood, that is used for burning a body as part of a funeral rite. The body is placed upon the pyre and the pyre is then set on fire. In a Viking Funeral the pyre was built on a ship, which was then sent out to sea as if burned.


Artifacts; artistic works that are characterized by a grim or ghostly atmosphere. In these artifacts there is an emphasis on the details and symbols of death. Themes are usually deliberate and are often preoccupations in the Goth subculture.



Inside the Legend: Bloodlust

Vampire Lore and Mythology


“Cow drops. Leave it in the sun. Within forty eight hours the bloat will split it open so clean it’s just about surgical . The bodily fluids fall down into the ground, get soaked up, ‘cause that’s what gravity does. But hey, it could be Satan.”

The killing and maiming of cattle, under unusual circumstances. Investigation of cattle mutilation asserts that it is a genuine practice attributed mostly to predators, natural decomposition, extraterrestrials, secretive governmental or military agencies, and cults. Skeptics claim that the “mutilations” are a misrepresented natural process. One example of how cattle mutilations can occur was shown through an experiment done by the Washington County (Arkansas) Sheriff’s Department. They found that when a dead cow was placed in a field for 48 hours that bloating, caused by the sun, led to incision-like tears in the skin and that blowflies and maggots then cleaned out the soft tissue so that the carcass looked exactly like those that had been attributed to satanic cults.


“I hear there’s a Chupacabra two states over. You go ahead and knock yourselves out.”

A species of animals that are associated particularly with Puerto Rico (where it was first reported), Mexico, Chile, Brazil and the United States. Translated from Spanish to English the Chupacabra literally means goatsucker in reference to the creatures habit of attacking and drinking the blood of livestock.


“So I picked up this cross bow and I hit that ugly sucker with a silver tipped arrow straight in the heart. Sammy’s waiting in the car and me and my Dad take that thing into the woods and burn it to a crisp. I’m sitting there and looking into the fire and I’m thinking to myself I’m sixteen years old, kids my age worried about pimples, prom dates and I’m seeing things that they’ll never even know, never even dream of. So right then I sort of…” “Embraced the life.”


“First time I saw a vampire, I was barely 18. Home alone with my sister. I hear the window break in her room. I grab my dad’s gun, run, try in- to get it off her. Too late. So I shoot the damn thing. Which of course, is as useful as snapping it with a rubber band. It rushes me, picks me up, flings me across the room. Knocks me out cold. And when I wake up: vampire’s gone, my sister’s gone. Then, try explaining that one to your family. So, I left home. And then bummed around looking for information: how you track them, how you kill them. And then I found that fang. It was my first kill.”

“Killed my sister? That filthy fang didn’t kill my sister. It turned her. Made her one of them. So I hunted her down and killed her myself. She wasn’t my sister anymore. She wasn’t human.”

'Vampire Lore and Mythology' written by Dean5339
'Cattle Mutilations' and 'Chupacabra' written by
'Dean's First Hunt' and 'Gordon's First Kill' written by Sera Gamble



Inside the Legend: Children Shouldn't Play With Dead Things


Necromancy is the act of conjuring the dead, also called, "operative spirits" or "spirits of divination," in order to gain knowledge of future events. The spirits are sought because they, being without physical bodies, are no longer limited by the earthly plane. Therefore, it is thought these spirits have access to information of the past and future, which is not available to the living. There are two noted kinds of necromancy: the raising of the corpse itself, and the most common kind, the conjuring or summoning of the spirit of the corpse.

The first traces of necromancy itself come from the classic Greek era and thus much of the history and terminology used within the art stems from that culture. The oldest mention of necromancy is the narrative of Ulysses' voyage to Hades (Odyssey, XI) and of his evocation of souls by means of the various rites indicated by Circe. In the Middle Ages, necromancy came to be more associated with black magic and demon-summoning in general, sometimes losing its earlier, more specialized meaning. It was condemned by the Catholic Church as "the agency of evil spirits," and in Elizabethan England was outlawed by the Witchcraft Act of 1604.

The word necromancy derives from the Greek nekrós, "dead", and manteía, "divination". Many consider it a dangerous and repugnant practice. Dangerous because it is alleged that when some spirits take control of the medium they are reluctant to release their control for some time.

In the Bible necromancy is mentioned chiefly in order to forbid it or to reprove those who have recourse to it. The Mosaic Law forbids necromancy, declares that to seek the truth from the dead is abhorred by God, and even makes it punishable by death. The Church does not deny that, with a special permission of God, the souls of the departed may appear to the living, and even manifest things unknown to the latter. But, understood as the art or science of evoking the dead, necromancy is held by theologians to be due to the agency of evil spirits, for the means taken are inadequate to produce the expected results.


"Apparently, you use rituals like this one for communicating with the dead, even bringing corpses back to life- full on zombie action."

A zombie is a dead person that is brought back to life through a curse, whether it be voodoo or the previously discussed necromancy. Zombies are humans who have had their soul stolen by supernatural means and are forced to work for their “zombie master.”

Zombies are near-mindless, possessing little reasoning power, though many can perform “remembered behaviors” from their mortal existence. Some zombies have the appearance of the living, but their lack of free will and souls give them the appearance of mechanical robots.

“What you brought back isn't even your daughter anymore. These things are vicious, they're violent, they're so nasty they rot the ground around them.”

Some zombies display visible signs of desiccation, decay and emaciation on their face and body. They have black, expressionless faces that become more animated when they get hungry and engage in a feeding frenzy. They are normally encountered wearing whatever clothing they wore in their human life, prior to reanimation.

While not invulnerable to physical injury, zombies can suffer great damage to their bodies (including dismemberment) without being adversely affected. The zombie's strength level is at normal human-levels, but they are considerably slower that average humans, possessing poor agility and coordination.

“There’s a hundred different legends about the walking dead, but they all have different methods for killing them. Some say setting them on fire, one said feeding their hearts to wild dogs- that’s my personal favorite- but who knows what’s real and what’s myth.” But, they all have one thing in common- silver.


The name for the types of supernatural beings that are deceased yet behave as if alive. Undead can refer to the spiritual, as in ghosts of the corporeal as in animated corpses. Bram Stoker was the first to the term “The Un-Dead” as the original title for his novel “Dracula”.



Inside the Legend: Simon Said


When an individual can control the thinking, behavior, emotions, or decisions of another individual. The ability to have this control, the exact definition and the extent of its influence on the individual are heavily debated among psychologists, neuroscientists, and sociologists. Mind control has been debated as a legal implication
as well. It was an issue in the court case of Patty Hearst and also in several court cases regarding New Religious Movements. Subliminal advertising is thought of as an unproven method of mind control in which messages are relayed to the public by being hidden in broadcasted advertisements.


Hypnosis is a psychological condition in which some people may be induced to show various differences in behavior and thinking. Although some individuals experience an increase in suggestibility and subjective feelings of an 'altered state of consciousness', this is not true for everyone. In fact, some supposed hypnotic indicators and subjective changes can be achieved without relaxation or a lengthy induction, a fact that increases the controversy around hypnosis.

Some scientists have disputed its very existence, while others insist upon both its reality and value. One fundamental distinction in hypnosis theory is between 'state' and 'non-state' approaches to hypnosis. State theorists believe that hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness, whereas non-state theorists believe that hypnotic effects are the product of more-mundane psychological processes such as absorption and expectancy. This controversy may be decreasing as modern brain-imaging techniques offer hope for an increased understanding of the nature of hypnosis and the value of both perspectives is increasingly recognized.

Details of hypnotic procedures and suggestions will differ depending on the goals of the practitioner and the purposes of the clinical or research endeavor. Procedures traditionally involve suggestions to relax, though relaxation is not necessary for hypnosis and a wide variety of suggestions can be used including those to become more alert.

Much research has been conducted into the nature and effects of hypnosis and suggestion, and hypnosis continues to be a popular (if somewhat peripheral) tool in contemporary psychological research.

Some hypnotized subjects seem possessed, that is because possession involves a similar socio-cognitive context, a similar role-playing arrangement and rapport. The hypnotist provides the suggestions and the subject responds to the suggestions.

Many experienced hypnotists claim that they can hypnotize almost anyone. They also claim it is a myth that people with strong will power cannot be hypnotized, as they claim these generally make the best participants. This is based on the idea that those who are most intelligent are also the most creative and as such they will make strong associations with the structure of language used by the hypnotist and by the visual or auditory representations inside of their mind. On the other hand, there is a common claim that no one can really be hypnotized against his or her will. The counter-claim given by many hypnotists is that while you cannot make someone do anything against their will, you can change what it is that they wish to do.

The general effects of hypnotism include focused attention, suggestibility and judgment. This school of thought holds that hypnosis as a state is very similar to other states of extreme concentration, where a person becomes oblivious to his or her surroundings while lost in thought. It often appears as if the hypnotized participant accepts the authority of the hypnotist over his or her own experience. When asked after the conclusion of such a session, some participants appear to be genuinely unable to recall the incident. Some believe that hypnosis can affect the subject's judgment and therefore could potentially cause them harm.



Inside the Legend: No Exit


Henry H. Holmes, whose real name was Herman M. Mudgett, was born in 1860 in Gilmanton, New Hampshire. His father was an abusive man, and his mother was a tiny submissive woman. Mrs. Mudgett would do everything his father commanded and this was the way that Holmes would always expect women to behave.

Early in life, Mudgett dropped is given name and became known as H. H Holmes, a name under which he attended medical school and began his career in crime. He was constantly in trouble as a boy and young man and in later years was remembered for his cruelty to animals and smaller children. By puberty Mudgett had developed a hobby of killing and dismembering stray animals. He was fascinated with anatomy and would often conduct experiments on his prey.

In 1879, he transferred to the medical school of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. While enrolled, he stole bodies from the school laboratory. Disfiguring the corpses and claiming the unlucky soul had been accidentally killed. Conveniently, Holmes had already takes out insurance policies on these “family members: and he would collect on them as soon as their bodies were discovered. His hopes of becoming a doctor were soon dashed when he was expelled at 24 from the university after he was discovered stealing cadavers.

In 1887 H. H. Holmes began working as an assistant at a local drug store. Mrs. Dr. Holden, who ran the drug store at 63rd and Wallace, could not handle the trade any longer and thus needed assistance. It was not long before Holmes seemed to be more the manager of the store and less the prescription clerk. In 1887, Mrs. Dr. Holden vanished without a trace. A short time after, Holmes announced that he had purchased the store from the widow, just prior to her “moving out west.”

Two years later, he acquired a large lot across the street from the drug store and began construction on an enormous edifice that he planned to operate as a hotel for the upcoming Columbian Exposition (World Fair) in 1893. There are no records to say what Holmes decided to call this building but for generation of police officers, crime enthusiasts and unnerved residents of Englewood, it was known simply by one name—“The Murder Castle.”


The building was an imposing structure of three stories and a basement with false battlements and wooden bay windows that were covered with sheet iron. There were over 60 rooms in the structure and 51 doors that were cut oddly into various walls. And his favorite room- the basement with it’s dissection table and surgical tools and implements.

Holmes had an office on the second floor, but most of the rooms were to be used for the guests—guests that would never be seen again. There were secret hallways and closets connecting the seventy-one bedrooms. Holmes' Castle included soundproof sleeping chambers with peepholes, asbestos-padded walls, gas pipes, sliding walls, and vents that Holmes controlled from another room. Many of the rooms had low ceilings and trapdoors in the floors, with ladders leading to smaller rooms below. The doors could only be locked from the outside and all of his “prison rooms” were fitted with alarms that buzzed in Holmes’ quarters if a victim attempted to escape.

It has come to be believed that many of his victims were held captive months before their deaths. Evidence would later be found to show that Holmes used some of the rooms as “asphyxiation chambers,” where his victims were suffocated with gas. It was believed that Holmes placed his chosen victims into the special chambers into which he then pumped lethal gas, controlled from his own bedroom, and then watched them react. Apparently, he gained some fiendish pleasure from this activity. Sometimes he'd ignite the gas to incinerate them, or perhaps even place them on the "elasticity determinator," an elongated bed with straps, to see how far the human body could be stretched. When finished, he might have slid the corpses down the chutes into his cellar, where vats of acid and other chemicals awaited them.

Holmes carefully supervised the building of his castle of horror, making sure that no workman stayed on the job for more than a week. Claiming their work was second rate, he fired them, refusing to pay for their services, and at the same time, ensuring that no one knew the exact layout of the building. As far as the police were able to learn, he never paid a cent for any of the materials that went into the building. The castle was completed in 1892…

He planned ahead for the many visitors who would be searching for lodging as close as possible to the fair, knowing that among them would be the most vulnerable prey: single, naïve women on their own who would easily succumb to a successful and charming “doctor.”


Holmes was stunned by the beauty of Julia, a 6 foot tall red-haired green-eyed woman. Holmes instantly fired his current cashier and hired Julia.

Julia could not believe her luck. She rang and invited her 18 year old sister to visit her in Chicago. Gertie was as beautiful as her sister and quickly caught Dr Holmes' eye. He showered the young woman in gifts and affection. Holmes even told Gertie he would divorce his wife to be with her.

Gertie was shocked by his proposal and hastily left Chicago. Holmes rebounded quickly from Gertie's rejection by turning his attentions to Julia. He told Julia that Holmes did not love her, she was only his second choice after Gertie rejected him.

Julie was deeply in love with Holmes and subsequently became pregnant with his child - a fact that Holmes did not like. The doctor told his lover that he would only marry her if she aborted the pregnancy. Being a mother to Pearl already and feeling the unborn child inside her, Julia could not face the prospect and continually put the procedure off.

In 1893, Holmes met a young woman named Minnie Wiliams. After further insistence by Holmes Julie, sobbing agreed that he could perform the procedure. Holmes put Pearl to bed and then carried the hysterical Julia down to his makeshift operating theatre in his basement. Neither Julia nor Pearl were ever seen alive again. In Holmes’ confession, he admitted that Julia had died during a bungled abortion that he had performed on her. He had poisoned Pearl. He later admitted that he murdered the woman and her child because of her jealous feelings toward Minnie Williams. “But I would have gotten rid of her anyway,” he say. “I was tired of her.”

Minnie Williams lived at the castle for more than a year and knew more about Holmes’ crimes than any other person. It was not until much later that Holmes confessed to killing her too. Although her body was never found, it is believed to have joined other victims in the acid vat in the basement.


In July 1894, Holmes was arrested for the first time. It was not for murder but for one of his schemes, the earlier horse swindle that ended in St. Louis. Georgianna promptly bailed him out, but while in jail, he struck up a conversation with a convicted train robber named Marion Hedgepeth, who was serving a 25-year sentence. Holmes had concocted a plan to bilk an insurance company out of $20,000 by taking out a policy on himself and then faking his death. Holmes promised Hedgepeth a $500 commission in exchange for the name of a lawyer who could be trusted.

Benjamin Pitezel another of Holmes' lackeys hung off his every word, he did everything asked of him and soon would give his life for Holmes. The two men came up with an insurance scam where they would share in $10,000.

The plan was that Pitezel would take out a life insurance policy for $10,000. Holmes was the beneficiary. Pitezel would disappear to Philadelphia, Holmes would get a corpse, disfigure it, then with the help of Pitezel's children he would have the body identified as Pitezel and claim the $10,000.

The "accident" took place on the morning of September 4, when neighbors heard a loud explosion from the patent office. A carpenter named Eugene Smith came to the office a short time later and found the door locked and the building dark. For some reason, he became concerned and summoned a police officer to the scene. They broke open the door and found a badly burned man on the floor. The death was quickly ruled an accident and the body was taken to the morgue. After 11 days, no one showed up to claim it and so the corpse was buried in the local potter’s field.

The plan worked brilliantly and Holmes claimed the money. However Holmes was fearful when the police became interested in him and torched the Castle and fled Chicago with one of the Pitezel daughters with Mrs Pitezel following behind. Presumably to meet up with Benjamin in Philadelphia. What Mrs Pitezel did not know was that Holmes had murdered Benjamin.

Holmes never bothered to contact the train robber again, a slight that Hedgepeth did not appreciate. He brooded over this awhile and then decided to turn Holmes in.



Detective Frank Geyer, a twenty-year veteran, of the Philadelphia Police Department, was a driven man who was looking for just such a case to focus his attention on-something to keep him from dwelling on his personal tragedy, a recent house fire that claimed his wife and only daughter. It was in Toronto where he finally hit pay dirt when Thomas Ryves came forward claiming that Holmes, along with two young girls, had rented the house next door to him on St. Vincent Street. Ryves told a chilling tale. His new neighbor came by to borrow a shovel explaining that he needed to dig a spot in the cellar where his sister could keep potatoes.

Taking a Toronto Police Officer with him, Geyer went to the house in question knowing full well what awaited him. The two men headed straight for the cellar. Brandishing a shovel, Geyer dug only two feet when a human arm bone resurfaced. The bodies of Nellie and Alice Petizel were unearthed and now H. H. Holmes was not just guilty of an insurance scam- he was also a killer.

Back in Englewood, detectives paid a visit to the castle. They were hardly prepared for what they found. Inside the large stove still in Holmes’ office, they discovered a human rib and a hank of long hair- most likely a woman’s. In the basement, they located a wooden tank hidden behind one wall. Lighting a match to help them see, they unwittingly ignited an explosion. The tank, as it turns out, was filled with chemicals. As soon as the air cleared, the detectives returned to the house where they found the skeletal remains of a young child- probably Pearl Conner. Now, they were convinced that the castle of horrors, and the man who built it, held unimaginable secrets.

Name after name of missing persons once associated with Holmes appeared. The list went on and on and so did the evidence when a mound of human bones, hidden among soup bones, were found in the basement. The press went wild with the heinous stories sweeping a shocked public into an unprecedented frenzy of horror.

Meanwhile, Detective Frank Geyer was still looking for Howard Pietzel. His search led him to Irvington, Indiana, six miles outside of Indianapolis. There, he found a real estate agent who remembered dealing with Holmes in October 1894. He was looking for a house to rent for his widowed sister. The house was located on the east side of Irvington, and just as Geyer suspected, the charred body of a young child was found inside the chimney. All three Pitezel children were now accounted for.

On October 28, 1895, Holmes went on trial for the murder of Benjamin Pietzel. Labeled as ‘the trail of the century,’ crowds clamored to the Philadelphia courthouse hoping to get a glimpse of the fiendish doctor. The daily newspapers painstakingly covered the entire trial delivering every sordid detail to a demanding public. In the end, Holmes was fund guilty of first degree murder. Eventually, he admitted killing twenty-seven men, women, and children, including Benjamin Pitezel and his three children. His confession, however, proved to be dubious when some of his purported victims came forward still alive and breathing. Exactly how many people Holmes murdered remains a mystery, but some estimates number more than 200.

On August 19, 1895, the castle burned to the ground. Three explosions thundered through the neighborhood just after midnight and minutes later, a blaze erupted from the abandoned structure. In less than an hour, the roof had caved in and the walls began to collapse in onto themselves. A gas can was discovered among the smoldering ruins and rumors argued back and forth between an accomplish of Holmes’ burning down the house to hide his role in the horror and the arson, being committed by an outraged neighbor. The mystery was never solved, but, regardless, the castle was gone for good.

H. H. Holmes was hanging on the morning of May 7., 1896, but his strange story continued.



According to his wishes, the bottom of his coffin was filled with ten inches of cement and then his body laid inside. The coffin was then filled with more cement being nailed shut. He was buried in a double grave ten feet deep. Two more feed of sand and cement were poured into the open grave before it was covered with dirt.

There were a couple of macabre legends associated with Holmes’ execution. The most enduring supernatural legend of H. H. Holmes is that of the “Holmes Curse.” The story began shortly after his execution, leading to speculation that his spirit did not rest in peace. Some believed that he was still carrying on his gruesome work from beyond the grave. In the years that followed, those involved with Holmes met violent deaths in rapid order. Perhaps Holmes got his revenge after all…

I was born with the devil in me. I could not help the fact that I was a murderer, no more than the poet can help the inspiration to sing – I was born with the “Evil One” standing as my sponsor beside the bed where I was ushered into the world, and he has been with me since.

- H. H. Holmes



Inside the Legend: The Usual Suspects


“You’ve seen it, haven’t you? The spirit."

Ghosts are controversial phenomena which have several possible definitions: The spirit or soul of a person who has died, a sort of psychic memory-imprint., and the character or memory of some being or thing which has died.

According to reported sightings, ghosts have taken the shape of humans, animals, and even vehicles. There are reports of ghosts (usually of deceased humans) in most cultures throughout the world. There is a great deal of dispute whether ghosts are figments of the imagination or part of objective existence. Ghosts are among the subjects studied by parapsychologists.

Ghosts, or phantoms, are often theorized of a human size and shape (although some accounts also mention animal ghosts), but they are often described as not visually striking. Usually these depictions suggest that the ghost does not consist of solid matter. The Western theory of a ghost is semi-transparent, and does not directly interact with physical objects. The ghosts of the Western belief can defy physics, such as walk through walls and float above the ground. Ghosts are often said to behave as if they were mindlessly following a particular routine or itinerary (see Residual haunting). Other ghosts are described as being solid, interacting with their environment, and generally behaving much like other people.

Some ghost researchers approach the possibility of ghosts from a more scientific standpoint, supposed presence of ghosts. Those who follow this approach most often believe that ghosts are not actual disembodied souls or spirits , but rather they are impressions of psychic energy left behind by a deceased (or in some rare cases, still living) person. They assert that traumatic events (such as a murder or suicide) cause mental energy of some kind to be released into the world, where it may be experienced by other people who are sensitive to its presence.

Many cultures believe in demons, devils, and negative energies. Many times such cultures also believe that these may be, or be related to, ghosts, and that they may trouble humans in various ways, such as possession, influence upon thoughts or emotions, nightmares, voices, cold spots, and various sicknesses.

While some accept ghosts as a reality, many others are skeptical of the existence of ghosts. Much of the scientific community believes that ghosts, as well as other supernatural and paranormal entities, do not exist. The current tentative consensus among parapsychologists is that ghosts are not the spirits of deceased humans, but psychic imprints which have been left behind, often because of especially strong emotions in the persons who leave the ghost. Also, the psychological phenomenon of pareidolia may cause people to perceive human-like faces or figures in the otherwise mundane surroundings of their environments, particularly in conditions where vision is partly obscured, as in a dark corridor or at night.


“Well, they’re created by violent deaths. And then they come back for a reason, often a nasty one, such as getting revenge on the people who hurt em’.”


“The last two people who saw this thing, died pretty soon after.”

The unavoidable omen ghost is a ghost whose appearance signals that something terrible is about to happen such as a disaster, death or illness. These ghosts can be past family members or unknown specters. Omen ghosts can also be in the form of animals like phantom cats, hounds, and birds are the most common. The time frame between the ghost sighting and tragedy can vary from a couple hours to a few days. There is usually not any detailed information about the oncoming tragedy.

The odd part of these ghosts is that they manifest just before a tragedy, but with no specific information about the tragedy and without a way of stopping the tragedy. It is a compelling paradox; the omen ghost appears to warn the living about a tragic event that cannot be changed. Maybe the living are not supposed to know what the future brings, but, instead, are meant to be comforted by knowing that supernatural beings are watching over them. The reasons might be beyond human comprehension. Ghosts play by a different set of rules. Omen ghosts are in a different place and have a different perspective on life. Their supernatural perspective gives these ghosts an advantage. They know things about the future that the living is not allowed to know.

No one knows if omen ghosts are assigned to appear to the living or if they have to fight for the right to appear. Typically, omen ghosts will appear consistently to the same family line generation after generation. When the omen ghost appears, tragedy is always close behind. They are one of the most bizarre anomalies of the spirit world. The unavoidable omen ghost is a mystery locked inside a mystery.


“But, you see the interesting thing is the word it leaves behind. It’s trying to tell us something. But, communicating across the veil- it ain’t easy. Sometimes the spirits, they get things jumbled. You remember ‘Red Rum’? Same concept. It can be word fragments. Other times, it’s anagrams. You see first we thought this was a name ‘DanaShulps’, but now we think it’s a street ‘Ashland’ So, whatever’s going on- I bet you it started there.”


Coming from the Greek “ana” meaning “back” or “again” and “graphein” meaning “to write.” It is a type of word play that consists of rearranging the letters of a word or phrase in order to produce other words, using all the original letters exactly once. In a more advanced, sophisticated form of anagramming, ones goal is to ‘discover’ a result that has a meaning that defines or comments on the original subject in a humorous or ironic way as in Somewhere Over the Rainbow ? Worrisome However Beneath.


The word murder spelled backwards. It was first used in “The Shining” by Stephen King and then in both the film and the miniseries that were made based on the book.


These are the words that Jack Torrance, Jack Nicholson’s character in Stanley Kubrick’s film “The Shining,” was obsessed with and kept on writing and typing. In this episode, the way in which the words ‘DanaShulps’ appears is an eerily similar occurrence.


“Hilts, Mcqueen.”

The Great Escape, directed by John Sturges and starring Steve McQueen, is a popular 1963 World War II film, based on a true story about Allied prisoners of war with a record for escaping from prisoner-of-war camps. The Nazis and Gestapo placed them in a new more secure German camp, from which they promptly formed a plan to break out 250 men.


“Thanks for the law review, Matlock.”

Matlock was an American television legal drama starring Andy Griffith as attorney Ben Matlock. The format of the show was very similar to that of Perry Mason, with Matlock figuring out who the murderer is and then confronting them in a dramatic courtroom scene near the end; although whereas Mason usually exculpated his clients at a pretrial hearing, Matlock usually secured an acquittal at trial, from the jury. The show ran from 1986 to 1992 on NBC, then 1992 until 1995 on ABC. The show can currently be seen in syndication and is distributed by Viacom. In the US, Superstation WGN and Hallmark play the reruns daily.


"But, our working theory is that we’re looking for some King of Vengeful Spirit. You know, Casper the bloodthirsty ghost.”

Casper was created in the early-1940s by Seymour Reit and Joe Oriolo, the former devising the idea for the character and the latter providing illustrations. Intended initially as the basis for a children's storybook, there was initially little interest in their idea and when Reit was away on military service during the Second World War, Oriolo sold the rights to the character to Paramount Pictures' Famous Studios animation division, for which he had occasionally worked.

The Friendly Ghost, the first Noveltoon to feature Casper, was released by Paramount in 1945. In the cartoon, Casper is a cute, pudgy ghost-child, who prefers making friends with people instead of scaring them. He leaves his home at the local haunted house and goes out to make friends. However, every person or animal he meets takes one horrified look at him and runs off in the other direction. Distraught, Casper unsuccessfully attempts to commit suicide (apparently forgetting that he's already dead) before he meets two little children who become his friends. The children's mother at first rejects Casper, but later welcomes him into the family after he wards off a greedy landlord.

Casper appeared in two subsequent Noveltoons before Paramount started a Casper the Friendly Ghost series in 1950, and ran the theatrical releases until the summer of 1959. Nearly every entry in the series was the same: Casper leaves the life of a regular ghost, tries to find friends but scares nearly everyone, and finally finds a (cute little) friend, whom he saves from some sort of fate. The cartoon series also boasted a catchy title song which was written by Jerry Livingston and Mack David.

- Wikipedia
- The Book of Ghosts



Inside the Legend: Crossroad Blues


"If you want to learn how to make songs yourself, you take your guitar and your go to where the road crosses that way, where a crossroads is. Get there be sure to get there just a little ' fore 12 that night so you know you'll be there. You have your guitar and be playing a piece there by yourself…A big black man will walk up there and take your guitar and he'll tune it. And then he'll play a piece and hand it back to you. That's the way I learned to play anything I want."

- Tommy Johnson


“Basically without him none of the music you [Dean] like would even exist.”

Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) is among the most famous Delta Blues musicians and arguably the most influential. Considered by some to be the "Grandfather of Rock-and-Roll," his vocal phrasing, original songs, and guitar style influenced a range of musicians, including Led Zeppelin, Bob Dylan, The Rolling Stones, U2, and Eric Clapton, who called Johnson "the most important blues musician who ever lived."

Of all the great blues musicians, Johnson was probably the most obscure. All that is known of him for certain is that he recorded 29 songs; he died young; and he was one of the greatest bluesmen of the Mississippi Delta. There are only five dates in Johnson's life that can undeniably be used to assign him to a place in history, everything else about his life is an attempt at reconstruction.

“So, Robert Johnson sells his soul at the crossroads, records a bunch of killer songs about it, and the legend keeps growing. I mean everyone’s heard his story…”

Johnson's peculiarities added to the rumors. Some fans thought that he had the "evil eye". Actually, he suffered from a small cataract. Also, it has been reported that Johnson turned from the audience while playing, and would leave suddenly from a performance, sometimes even during breaks in his set. While today such actions are not considered odd, In those days they were. Many people took it to mean that he was a man with something to hide.


“Ol’ Johnson regretted the deal as soon as he made it. You can hear it in his music, the forlorn wailing of a condemned sinner. His music was full of hints and references about his dealings with the devil.”

Robert Johnson was born in the Mississippi Delta (Hazlehurst, Mississippi) sometime around May 8, 1911, the 11th child of Julia Major Dodds, who had previously born 10 children to her husband Charles Dodds. Born illegitimate, Johnson did not take the Dodds name. Johnson’s real father was a a field worker named Noah Johnson. While in his teens, Johnson learned who his father was, and it was at that time that he began calling himself Robert Johnson.

By 1930, Johnson had married and become serious about playing the guitar. During the time that he was married, he lived with his sister and her husband. But his wife died in childbirth at the age of 16. In 1931, he married for a second time. By then, his fellow musicians were beginning to take note of his precocity on the guitar.

Johnson began traveling up and down the Delta, travelling by bus, hopping trains, and sometimes hitchhiking. When he arrived in a new town, he would play on street corners or in front of the local barbershop or a restaurant. He played what his audience asked for—not necessarily his own compositions. Anything he earned was based on tips, not salary. With an ability to pick up tunes at first hearing, Johnson had no trouble giving his audiences what they wanted. Also working in his favor was an a bility to establish instant rapport with his audiences.

Around 1936, Johnson met H. C. Spier in Jackson, Mississippi, who ran a music store and doubled as a talent scout. Spier put Johnson in touch with Ernie Oertle, who offered to record the young musician in San Antonio, Texas. At the recording session, Johnson was too shy to perform in front of the musicians in the studio, so played facing the wall. In the ensuing three-day session, Johnson played 16 selections. When the recording session was over, Johnson presumably returned home with several hundred dollars in his pocket—probably more money than he had ever had at one time.

Interestingly, six of Johnson's blues songs mention the devil or some form of the supernatural.

His death came on August 16, 1938, at the approximate age of 27 at a little country crossroads near Greenwood, Mississippi. He had been playing for several weeks at a country dance in a town about 15 miles from Greenwood when, by some accounts, he was given poisoned whiskey at the dance by the husband of a woman he had been seeing.
The actual cause of his death has recently been discovered to be marfan's syndrome, which is a connection tissue disorder, the most obvious symptom of this on Johnson was his long fingers, legs and arms, other symptoms are curved backline, eye problems (johnson was said to have 'one bad eye') and a slim body


Here, in its entirety, as published by the Crossroads Blues Society is the “vision, with a V” of bluesman Henry Goodman:

Robert Johnson been playing down in Yazoo City and over at Beulah trying to get back up to Helena, ride left him out on a road next to the levee, walking up the highway, guitar in his hand propped up on his shoulder. October cool night, full moon filling up the dark sky, Robert Johnson thinking about Son House preaching to him, "Put that guitar down, boy, you drivin' people nuts." Robert Johnson needing as always a woman and some whiskey. Big trees all around, dark and lonesome road, a crazed, poisoned dog howling and moaning in a ditch alongside the road sending electrified chills up and down Robert Johnson's spine, coming up on a crossroads just south of Rosedale. Robert Johnson, feeling bad and lonesome, knows people up the highway in Gunnison. Can get a drink of whiskey and more up there. Man sitting off to the side of the road on a log at the crossroads says, "You're late, Robert Johnson." Robert Johnson drops to his knees and says, "Maybe not."

The man stands up, tall, barrel-chested, and black as the forever-closed eyes of Robert Johnson's stillborn baby, and walks out to the middle of the crossroads where Robert Johnson kneels. He says, "Stand up, Robert Johnson. You want to throw that guitar over there in that ditch with that hairless dog and go on back up to Robinsonville and play the harp with Willie Brown and Son, because you just another guitar player like all the rest, or you want to play that guitar like nobody ever played it before? Make a sound nobody ever heard before? You want to be the King of the Delta Blues and have all the whiskey and women you want?"

"That's a lot of whiskey and women, Devil-Man."

"I know you, Robert Johnson," says the man.

Robert Johnson, feels the moonlight bearing down on his head and the back of his neck as the moon seems to be growing bigger and bigger and brighter and brighter. He feels it like the heat of the noonday sun bearing down, and the howling and moaning of the dog in the ditch penetrates his soul, coming up through his feet and the tips of his fingers through his legs and arms, settling in that big empty place beneath his breastbone causing him to shake and shudder like a man with the palsy. Robert Johnson says, "That dog gone mad."

The man laughs. "That hound belong to me. He ain't mad, he's got the Blues. I got his soul in my hand."

The dog lets out a low, long soulful moan, a howling like never heard before, rhythmic, syncopated grunts, yelps, and barks, seizing Robert Johnson like a Grand Mal, and causing the strings on his guitar to vibrate, hum, and sing with a sound dark and blue, beautiful, soulful chords and notes possessing Robert Johnson, taking him over, spinning him around, losing him inside of his own self, wasting him, lifting him up into the sky. Robert Johnson looks over in the ditch and sees the eyes of the dog reflecting the bright moonlight or, more likely so it seems to Robert Johnson, glowing on their own, a deep violet penetrating glow, and Robert Johnson knows and feels that he is staring into the eyes of a Hellhound as his body shudders from head to toe.

The man says, "The dog ain't for sale, Robert Johnson, but the sound can be yours. That's the sound of the Delta Blues."

"I got to have that sound, Devil-Man. That sound is mine. Where do I sign?"

The man says, "You ain't got a pencil, Robert Johnson. Your word is good enough. All you got to do is keep walking north. But you better be prepared. There are consequences."

"Prepared for what, Devil-man?"

"You know where you are, Robert Johnson? You are standing in the middle of the crossroads. At midnight, that full moon is right over your head. You take one more step, you'll be in Rosedale. You take this road to the east, you'll get back over to Highway 61 in Cleveland, or you can turn around and go back down to Beulah or just go to the west and sit up on the levee and look at the River. But if you take one more step in the direction you're headed, you going to be in Rosedale at midnight under this full October moon, and you are going to have the Blues like never known to this world. My left hand will be forever wrapped around your soul, and your music will possess all who hear it. That's what's going to happen. That's what you better be prepared for. Your soul will belong to me. This is not just any crossroads. I put this "X" here for a reason, and I been waiting on you."

Robert Johnson rolls his head around, his eyes upwards in their sockets to stare at the blinding light of the moon which has now completely filled tie pitch-black Delta night, piercing his right eye like a bolt of lightning as the midnight hour hits. He looks the big man squarely in the eyes and says, "Step back, Devil-Man, I'm going to Rosedale. I am the Blues."

The man moves to one side and says, "Go on, Robert Johnson. You the King of the Delta Blues. Go on home to Rosedale. And when you get on up in town, you get you a plate of hot tamales because you going to be needing something on your stomach where you're headed."


Popular rock musicians who have performed the song include Eric Clapton and Cream, The Allman Brothers Band, and Lynyrd Skynyrd; and Led Zeppelin has lifted several of Johnson’s more sexual allusions for use in their lyrics. The Crossroads Curse may have touched even Kurt Cobain, the founder of Nirvana. Each of these bands has been the target of intense professional and personal tragedies that make some wonder whether the Devil isn’t still taking his payment all these long years later…

Eric Clapton and Cream recorded “Crossroad Blues” for their “Cream: Wheels of Fire” LP at the height of their fame. Within a few short years, the band was disbanded and Clapton was wallowing in the throes of heroin addiction. Years later, having cleaned up his life and enjoying a profitable solo career, Clapton was tragically struck by the death of his two year old son who fell from an apartment window to death several stories below.

The tragedy surrounding The Allman Brothers Band is practically legend in the annals of rock and roll. At the height of their fame, in 1971, Duane Allman, who is said to have loved performing “Crossroad Blues” live, was tragically killed in a motorcycle accident at another crossroads near Macon, Georgia where he swerved his motorcycle to avoid hitting a truck. He died later from his injuries. Just over a year later, in 1972, another band member, guitarist Berry Oakley, was killed while riding his motorcycle; he died less than a mile from the spot where Duane Allman had met his death. Though the band soldiered on, Duane’s brother Gregg felt compelled to immortalize his brother’s connection to a crossroads in the song “Melissa”: “Crossroads will you ever let him go? Or will you hide the dead man’s ghost?”

The popular Alabama band Lynyrd Skynyrd added a cover version of Robert Johnson’s “Crossroad Blues” to their live performances. It’s raw power and driving rhythm were something that every audience looked forward to and the crowds kept coming as the band toured the south throughout 1976 and 1977. Then in October 1977, as the band was flying from Greenville, SC to their next show at the L.S.U. Assembly Center their aging Convair 240 lost an engine in mid-flight. The panicked crew lost control of the plane when they mistakenly dumped all the fuel. Minutes later the plane plunged into a swamp outside Gillsburg, Mississippi and broke into pieces. Both pilots, two of the band’s members, including singer Ronnie Van Zant, and other relatives were killed in the crash. What had been a promising future in rock music lay in pieces in a Mississippi swamp.

Led Zeppelin was famous for lapsing into treatments of many of Robert Johnson’s blues songs, including a riveting live version of “Crossroad Blues.” It is from Johnson that singer Robert Plant borrowed the famous lyrics for The Lemon Song, “squeeze my lemon till the juice runs down my leg.” Arguably one of the best and most influential rock bands ever, Led Zeppelin spent the 70’s defying gravity and riding their “lead balloon” to super fame and fortune. Near the end of the 70’s, however, the band fell upon some bad luck, triggered by the untimely death of Plant’s son to septic shock in 1977. Shortly after this, amid rumors of black magic and sexual sadism, guitarist Jimmy Page was battling his own demons trying to kick a monstrous heroin addiction. In the next several years, Led Zeppelin would lose its drummer, the phenomenal John Bonham, and the manager who had guided them to supergroup status and beyond, the inimitable Peter Grant.

Finally, Kurt Cobain, the father of the grunge movement of the 1990’s, was said to have performed his own acoustic version of “Crossroad Blues” while traveling with Nirvana and for family and friends. Cobain considered reworking it for the band to play live and was said to have been toying with recording a new version of the Robert Johnson classic when his life came to a tragic end. In April 1994 Cobain was found on the second floor of his garage at his Washington state dead from a shotgun blast through the head. The circumstances surrounding Cobain’s death are still the subject of hot debate – with rival camps claiming that Cobain committed suicide and others claiming that he was murdered in a conspiracy that centered around his wife, Courtney Love – and it seems that the curse didn’t stop at Cobain’s death. Two people, one former Cobain employee and a Seattle cop widely reviled for having botched the death site investigation, have both followed Cobain to the grave.


“The crossroads is where you make a pact with the devil.”

The diety Esu was believed to be the guardian of the crossroads, and was an intermediate between gods and humans. When Christianity was brought to African Culture, these pagan gods were labeled as being similar to the devil. Hence, the concept that one could find the devil at a crossroad. In celtic tradition, the bodies of the unholy were buried outside of town near crossroads to preserve consecrated ground.


“It’s all pretty vague. I mean, there’s spectral black dogs all over the world. Some say their animal spirits, others death omens. But, what ever they are, they’re big and nasty.”

A black dog is a ghostly presence found primarily in British folklore. The black dog is essentially a nocturnal being, and it’s appearance is regarded as a foreshadowing of death. It is larger than a physical dog, and often has large, glowing eyes. It is often associated with electrical storms, crossroads, places of executioner and ancient pathways. In Norfolk legend the creature is supposed to be amphibious, coming out of the sea at night and traveling the lonely roads.


"They’re seeing dogs, alright. But, their not seeing Black Dogs. They’re seeing Hell Hounds. Demonic Pittbulls.”

A demonic dog of hell, usually referring to Cerberus, the dog of Hades from Greek mythology. The ghostly hounds are said to haunt parts of the United Kingdom and many names are given to the apparitions. Black Shuck of East Anglia, Moddey Dhoo of the Isle of Man, Gwyllgi of Wales. Hellhounds are a common creature in fantasy fiction, such as in Arthur Conan Doyle’s “The Hounds of Tinadalos.” They are common in role-playing and video games, including “Dungeons and Dragons”, “Shadowrun”, “RunScape”, “Adventure Quest” and the “Zork” series.


Used in voodoo practices, it is a mixture of natural ingredients that can be used to cause harm, trouble, or even kill. The word goofer comes from the Kikongo word “kufwa,” which means “to die.” As late as the 1930s, “goofering” was a regional synonym for voodooing, and the meaning of the term was broadened beyond spells of damage, illness, and death to include love spells cast with dominating intent.




Inside the Legend: Croatoan


“Croatoan. Roanoke, Lost Colony… ring a bell?”

In July of 1587, colonist George Howe is found dead. Howe was attacked by members of the neighboring Roanoke nation, whom Governor Lane had harassed in 1585. When describing the bloody scene, Governor John White commented that the Indians had “beat his head to pieces,” shot him with sixteen arrows, and assaulted him with clubs. This attack came as no real surprise to the governor, who was aware that the tactics of his predecessor might have generated a sense of injustice among neighboring Indian nations. Knowing of the peaceful nature of Coatoan people, the governor quickly dispatched representatives. The Croatoan (also referred to as Pamlico) were an Algonquian people who populated the islands on the outer banks of North Carolina—just south of Roanoke. “Roanoke was one of the first English colonies in America. Late 1500s.” The embassy succeeds in renewing “the old love that was between” the tribe and the colonists. White accompianied the Roanoke delegation and promised the Indians that the colonists had no intention of taking over Croatoan territory and did not represent a threat to their existence. Simply put, the governor wanted to let the people of Croatoan know that the colonists wished “to live with them as brethren and friends.”

Governor White left Roanoke in August of 1587, for England, in search of supplies and a possible relief effort should evacuation become a necessity. Before leaving his post, the governor instructed the colonists to leave him a sign should they feel the need to remove themselves from the region under any circumstance. He instructed them to place a cross on a tree as an indicator that they were in distress and their evacuation was necessary for their survival. This would give the governor some intimation as to the colony’s status and assist him in locating them. It would be the last message he would give, and the last time he would see the colonists.

In 1590, Governor White returned to Roanoke Island. There he found that all of the buildings were in disrepair or had been carefully dismantled. There was no sign of fighting. No sign that the colonists were abruptly carried away by natural or unnatural forces. There was no cross. Only 8 simple letters, C-R-O-A-T-O-A-N, that shall forever be a mystery to all who hear it. These letters were found carved into the post of a fort, and C-R-O carved into a nearby tree.

White took the letters to mean that the settlers had moved to Croatoan Island some 50 miles away. But, he was unable to search Croatoan Island because a hurricane hit the outer banks of North Carolina and blew his fleet to sea. After the storm abated, the fleet was low on provisions and decided to return to England. He made a second attempt months later, but that vessel was also turned back due to bad weather. No trace of the settlers was ever found.

In 1597, the English government officially declared the colony of Roanoke… lost.


“There were theories. Indian raid, disease, but nobody knows what really happened. They were all just gone. Wiped out over night.”

The principal theory is that they dispersed and were absorbed by either the local Croatan or Hatteras Indians, or still another Algonquian people. What is well known is that the descendants of the Croatoan tribe, the modern day Lumbee, began to appear some 50 years after the disappearance of the colony. Observers described these people as having European features and speaking English. The Lumbee have remained in North Carolina, even populating the same region as their Croatoan ancestors. It would not be that much of leap to conclude that the people of Croatoan were true to their word and accepted the embattled colonists into their nation. But, it has yet to be established if they did assimilate with one or other of the native populations.

When Captain John Smith and the Jamestown colonists settled in Virginia in 1607, one of their assigned tasks was to locate the Roanoke colonists. Native peoples told Captain Smith of people within fifty miles of Jamestown who dressed and lived as the English. Captain Smith was also told by Powhatan, weroance of the Powhatan Tribe, that he had wiped out the Roanoke colonists just prior to the arrival of the Jamestown settlers because they were living with the Chesapeake, a tribe that refused to join Powhatan's confederacy. Powhatan reportedly produced several English-made iron implements to back his claim.

Others speculate that the colonists simply gave up waiting, tried to return to England on their own, and perished in the attempt. Another claim suggests that, with the region in drought, the colony must have suffered a massive food shortage. And there are those who theorize that the Spanish destroyed the colony; this theory however is unlikely since the Spanish were still looking for the location of England's failed colony as late as 1600, ten years after White discovered that the colony was missing.


In 1998, "The Croatoan Project," an archaeological dig sponsored by East Carolina University, discovered the first material connection between Roanoke and the Croatan.


“I’ve been pouring through Dad’s journal, found something about the Roanoke Colony. Dad always had a theory about Croatoan. He thought it was a demon’s name. Sometimes know as daeva or reshef, the demon of plague and pestilence.”

Reshef is a demon that was first mentioned in the bible (Habukkuk 3:5) “Plague went before him; reshef followed his steps.” In most translations though reshef has come to be translated as ‘pestilence’ due to the parallelism to the line that comes before it.



Inside the Legend: Hunted


"Am I supposed to go Dark Side or something?!"

In the classic Star Wars movies franchise, the dark side of the Force is innately tied to the distinctly negative ehtical paradigm of the Sith.


Dr. George Waxler prescribed these tablets to Scott, but what are they and why might they be taken?

Like other benzodiazepines, clonazepam is believed to act by simulating the action of GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) on the central nervous system. Because of strong anxiolytic properties and euphoric side-effects it is said to be among the class of 'highly potent' benzodiazepines.

Clonazepam is commonly prescribed for:

- Anxiety Disorder
- Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder
- Night terrors
- Schizophrenia

Common side effects may include drowsiness and impaired motor functions.


"I just watch a lot of TJ Hooker"

'TJ Hooker' was a weekly American police drama television program that premiered in early 1982 on ABC-TV and ran on through 1985. The show starred William Shatner in the title role as the veteran police seargent Thomas Jefferson Hooker along with Adrian Zmed, and Heather Locklear.


"These are two hundred and twenty three callibur subsonic rounds, the guy must have put a supressor on the rifle."

Subsonic Rounds is a type of ammunition with a muzzle velocitiy close to the speed of sound under many hunting conditions, or only very slightly below it. Subsonic rounds are favored for their percieved improved target accuracy, and for hunting.

A Supressor, populary known as a silencer, is a device attached to a firearm to reduce the ammount of noise and flash generated by firing the weapon. It generally takes the form of a cylindrically shapped metallic tube that is fitted onto the barrel of the firearm, and sometimes reduces the velocity of the bullet.


"When I was a kid, I swallowed like eight things of pop rocks and then drank like a whole can of coke- you don't think that counts as a suicide attempt do you?"

During the product's heyday, rumors persisted that if a person ate Pop Rocks and drank coke, their stomach would explode. The company spent large sums sending out flyers to debunk the rumor. This is, in part, caused by the false assumption that pop rocks contain an acid/base mixture (such as baking soda and vinegar) which produces large volumes of gas when mixed through chewing and saliva.

The company stopped marketing Pop Rocks around 1983, and this is often pointed to as "proof" that the candy was so harmful it had to be pulled from the shelves. What's less known is that Kraft bought the rights to the product from General Foods in 1985 and then marketed it as "Action Candy" through a company named Carbonated Candy. Pop Rocks are now back out in the open, though, and are again marketed under their original name by Pop Rocks, Inc.

The most famous of these folklore involved a child named Mikey from the Life cereal commercials. Mikey was reported to have died after eating a Pop Rocks and Coke mixture. The rumor is false and the former child actor who was in the commercials, John Gilchrist, is alive and well.


"He says he has plans for me. He says that a war is coming. That people like me, we're going to be the soldiers. Everything's about to change."

"This demon tells me they have soldiers to fight in this coming war. Humans fighting on Hell's side- do you believe that? I mean their pyschics, so their not exactly pure humans, but still... what kind of worthless scumbag do you have to be to turn against your own race?"



Inside the Legend: Playthings

Imaginary Friends

An imaginary friend is an invented person, animal or character that is created especially by children. The inventor will act as if the imaginary being is physically present by talking to it, playing with it, or even attempting to feed it. If told that the friend is non-existent, the inventor will often retaliate in a defensive manner by stating that the imaginary friend is invisible.

For parents, an understanding of a child's conversations with their imaginary friends can reveal a lot about the anxieties and fears of that child. It can also give an insight into the child's aspirations and perception of the world. Some children report that their "imaginary friends" manifest themselves physically, and are indistinguishable from "real" people, however it is unknown whether these cases correspond specifically to any condition.

People may invent imaginary friends for companionship, as part of play, or for other reasons. Imaginary friends can serve as an important source of companionship to some children. As an example, young children in boarding schools often develop imaginary friends to cope with extreme stress and separation from their family.

Children often use their imaginary friends as outlets for expressing desires which they would normally be afraid to engage in or for which they would normally be punished. For example, it is not uncommon for a child to engage in mischief or wrong-doing and then to blame the crime on their imaginary friend. Through the imaginary friend, the child is able to act out fantasies that they are otherwise restricted from experiencing due to societal constraints.

It is common for children to give their imaginary friends personality traits that they themselves lack: shy children often describe their imaginary friends as playful and outgoing jokesters who are always making them laugh and who are very popular. In this way, children see their imaginary friends as ideal versions of themselves.

Often children will dismiss the imaginary friend once they find living ones or become aware that it is fictional. Imaginary friends often help a child realize the difference between reality and fantasy, as well as give them some form of self-esteem.

Children Prone to the Supernatural

Dave Oester writes, "It appears that children are thus naturally sensitive to the pineal stimulation and can perceive what we would call the imaginary friends. Between pressure from the parents and other older folks, telling the kids that they are imagining their friends and the natural growing together of the skull bones, the child eventually loses the ability to perceive these other frequencies."

The existence of ghosts has been debated for centuries. It is only in modern times with technology having advanced to its current stage that we may now capture on film and audio what many believe to be images of the supernatural. The questions of why some can and yet others cannot see or sense the presence of these entities has been contested with numerous theories both for and against the subject of spirits. One such cause for speculation is do our children see and sense what many adults either cannot or will not see?

When a child comes into this world they are what we term "close to the grave". This term means that they have just come over from the Other Side. Before they entered the Earth realm and incarnated into this lifetime they were "in spirit" on the Other Side waiting to be born. This means that they may have been there with passed over loved ones before they came here.

It is not unusual for these loved ones to step in from the Other Side and visit with these wee ones. And often their guardian angels will interact with them as well.

Children are born with their third eye wide open. This is the chakra point in the middle of the forehead. This is the chakra (an energy point on the body) which enables one to be open to spirit communication, and the ability to see spirits and talk with them.

Babies and small children have not been exposed to the negative reality that most people have regarding ghosts. Some small children even have "imaginary friends" they talk with and play with. Grownups tend to just shrug their shoulders and think that the child just has an overactive imagination, when in reality, it is most likely that these children are actually interacting with someone in spirit.

One theory is that children have not had years to adjust their thinking and have not had the time to train themselves as to what to accept or not accept as reality like adults have. Adults program their thinking and consequently refuse certain images, noises, and feeling as real simply because in our minds we cannot accept impossible or unproven science.

The innocence of children, being that their minds have not been conditioned not to believe in such things, open mindedness, the "wanting of a playmate or friend," (hence the imaginary friend factor - who may not be so imaginary after all), being curious of things and surroundings, all help and influence children to see ghosts easier than adults do.

As children grow older, teachings of parents, schools, adult figures, religion, being sensitive, belief's of other children, etc., will all influence if the child will continue to see spirits or not, or later on learn to accept or fear them also - or both.

If a child is taunted or made fun of, or called "evil" for saying he or she sees ghosts, may cause the child to either begin to disbelieve or doubt what they are seeing, think of themselves as different or "weird," make them keep to themselves what they see, (block what they are seeing), or stop seeing/believing all together. It may also later affect them to the point they feel there is something wrong with them or the "I am loosing my mind" feelings of distress.

Some parents unknowingly start to teach and train their children at a very young age to block these images. They do it out of protection and misunderstanding of the situation. How many parents have tucked their little ones back into bed with the words that they thought were reassuring; there are no such things as ghosts, you just had a bad dream, it wasn't real, it was just your imagination? How many parents are guilty of telling their children that their imaginary friend is not real, maybe not realizing that not only is that friend real but a ghost?

When parents tell their children it was just a bad dream they may inadvertently be teaching them to mistrust what they may have actually be seeing. Eventually training themselves to block what they have been taught cannot be real.

There are also certain parents, families, etc., who will nurture the child's gift's or abilities and teach them to accept, not fear, handle the seeing of such spirits.

It all comes down again to the teachings the child receives in life and their belief's, the people around them, being strong or weak minded, which all will influence if they continue to see or not later on into adulthood.

Could this be why some people are able to accept the supernatural with an open mind and yet others cannot? Does the door get shut at childhood or can it remain open? This is just one of the many theories used to explain why children see more of the supernatural world
than adults do.

Scary Tales of Imaginary Friends


I am about 24 years old and I have a three year old little brother named Paul, who lives with my step mother. About 4 months ago he started playing with an imaginary friend (so we thought) he kept calling Baby Michael! We thought it was real cute until weird things started happening. He had a old wooden rocking horse that would rock by it self and we would ask who was rocking it and Paul would say Baby Michael.

One day my step-mother was babysitting a friends little girl around the same age both children had fallen asleep on the couch. When the little girls father came to pick her up he came through the front door and nothing was in the way of the entry. After he picked her up and went to leave the little rocking horse was moved in front of the door. Paul all the sudden woke up and said Baby Michael doesn't want Kate to leave.

I though this was someway to scare me. But a couple of days before Easter We had all the children together to colour Easter eggs. They were all playing in Paul's Bedroom when I heard them talking to Baby Michael. Just curious to see what they were doing I peeped in to the room.

Standing there in the middle of the room was Kate with her hand stretched out as to grab a book. The book was dangling mid-air. The book dropped and I went to pick it up and all the sudden I felt it go flying out of my hand to across the room. I went running into the living room where everyone else was I was in such a state of shock. My step-mother ask Paul what happened, he replied "Baby Michael wanted the book."

We have noticed that the man who lives next door has two hospital beds in an old shed. When the shed is open seems to be the times that Baby Michael appears and when it is closed Paul says he is at home.

- A member of the International Ghost Hunter’s Community


I was entirely skeptical of ghosts, etc. and I have not told anyone about this except my husband. About 3 years ago in the house we previously lived in, I would hear noises when no one else was home during the day. I would hear a child playing, I could hear him bouncing a ball, etc. Then one afternoon while I was making something to eat in the kitchen (no one home again), I heard a voice right beside me say "mom". I pretended I didn't hear it, I could have passed out right there & then. I was never scared of it till then when it came so close. The final "event" was before we moved. I had put my son to bed and sat down to watch tv. I had clear view of his room where I was sitting. I saw a boy dressed in a plain tan brown top/pants(it appeared to be a boy around 5...around my sons age) run out of my sons room into the hall-into another bedroom. I immediately said outloud, "Get to bed", it didn't register till a second later that it wasn't my son. He replied, from his room "I am in bed". I walked over and there was no one in the other room where the figure ran. I didn't say anything about it to my son, I was afraid people would think I was nuts. It wasn't until later that I told my husband. My son as a child (as most children do) talk to himself when he played alone with trucks & stuff, so it never really dawned on me. A couple years later, I learned from my son that he had 3 imaginary friends...could he have been playing with the ghost(s) all that time?? He had names for them too. It kind of scares me a bit, but the ghost never harmed anyone, and seemed to be playful, so I can be thankful for that.

- Sarah


Investigators unsure how possible human remains got inside insulation

Staff Writer

A Russell County fifth-grader is convinced bones found in her home last weekend belong to a mysterious friend who told her about being chopped up years ago.

Investigators have few clues about how and when the bones got inside insulation under the living room floor of the mobile home on Jowers Road, near East Alabama Motor Speedway.

The 10-year-old, Stephanie Ogden, and her family have lived in the home since 1998. Her great-grandparents, John and Marion Stewart, own the home.

The bones were found Saturday as the Ogdens, who are renovating the home, pulled up boards in the living room floor. Russell County Sheriff's Lt. Heath Taylor said an initial analysis shows the bones are from the pelvis and leg of a child at least 10 years old, and the child has been dead at least 10 years.

Another bone was found Sunday, Marion Stewart said. The area where the bones were found had duct tape over the insulation, Stewart said.

"There's an odor there that doesn't belong," Stewart said.

The bones probably don't have enough marrow to do DNA tests, Taylor said. Because the trailer has been moved several times between Georgia and Alabama, investigators now are faced with the daunting task of trying to track down missing children from a wide area in two states.

Taylor said gnaw marks on the bones may indicate a rodent placed them inside the insulation. Dirt and plant material on the bones indicate they were outside at one time, Taylor said.

Stephanie said a black girl in a white dress started visiting her room when she was about 5 years old. The girl was friendly, but she told Stephanie a horrible story.

"She told me that somebody put her in the floor," Stephanie said. "She said he had a mask on, and that he chopped her up. She didn't know who the person was, because he had a mask on."

Stephanie, a fifth-grader at Dixie Elementary School, now thinks that the bones that were found in her home belong to her playmate.

"It's possible because that girl was a ghost," Stephanie said Monday. "Nobody knows about them."

Marion Stewart said Stephanie used to tell her family about the visitor, but the adults always dismissed the stories as being an imaginative child's fabrication based partly on horror movies. Stewart said Stephanie used to always ask for two glasses of soda when she would play outside -- one glass for her and one for her friend.

Stewart said the weekend's grisly discoveries have convinced her that her great-granddaughter's playmate is actually a tormented soul seeking peace.

"I'm not a psychic, and I don't believe in some of that stuff," Stewart said. "But I believe this is a soul who has not been put to rest."

Taylor said detectives can't base their work on ghost stories.

"Do you have any idea how hard it is to investigate a ghost?" he said Monday.

Investigators are looking through databases of missing children to find any links to the trailer's location, but Taylor doesn't hold out much hope of solving the case.

"It's just one of those cases where there's just not a lot to go on," he said.



The arrangement of five units in the pattern corresponding to the five-spot on dice, playing cards or dominoes. A Quincunx is often used in Hoodoo as a sort of “artificial crossroad” and can be created inside a room in the house. The quincunx or five-spot is generally used for sealing and fixing spells in place.


A doll used in European witchcraft made to represent a person, for casting healing, fertility, or binding spells on that person. These dolls can be made from carved root, grain, or corn shafts, a fruit paper wax, a potato, clay, branches, or cloth stuffed herbs. Whatever actions are performed upon the poppet are then transferred to the person. These dolls are often mistakenly called “voodoo dolls”, but Voodoo dolls are unheard of in the original Voodoo in Haiti, although some are used in New Orleans Voodoo, mostly to amuse tourists. Apparently, the term Voodoo doll was invented by an American writer who made up a story about Voodoo after hearing that it was witchcraft. The only “dolls” used in Voodoo are ones used on Voodoo altars, which are supposed to represent loa, the spirits of voodoo.



Inside the Legend: Nightshifter


”Okay, let’s get something straight. It’s not a mandroid. It’s a shapeshifter.”

The shape shifters of the supernatural universe are a breed of their own.

The “SN Shifter” is a shape shifter capable of transforming itself into anyone, taking on one’s physical appearance and vocal patterns. . "It generates it’s own skin. It can shape it to match someone else’s features… you know, tall, short, or male.” These shape shifters are also capable of taking on the memories of the body it shifts into, in a process that resembles the Vulcan Mind-Meld.

In order for the shape shifter to shift from one person to the next it has to go through a painful process of shedding its own skin. The person that it shifts into can be alive or dead, there is no preference. "Kills them. Doesn’t kill them. I don’t think it really matters.” Sometimes the shifter takes its victim to their underground lair such as the sewer systems.

“They like to layer-up underground. Preferably the sewers.”

The only way to easily detect a shape shifter is by its laser eyes that appear off of a camera feed. "Same retinal reaction to video… eyes flare at the camera.”

"It’s human, more or less… has human drives. In this case, it’s money.” Thus far, most shape shifters that have appeared have turned to a life of crime whether it be murdering young women or robbing banks to attain money.

“This thing was born different, hideous and hated; until he learned to become someone else.”

"You remember the old werewolf stories? Pretty much came from these guys. Silver’s the only thing that kills em’.”

The Winchesters ran into their first shape shifter in St. Louis. This shape shifter even dared to kidnap the Winchesters and tried to take over Dean’s life! Eventually the Winchesters escaped and killed the shape shifter once and for all. “Clearing” Dean from all charges due to his otherwise apparent “death.”

The Winchester’s recently ran into another shape shifter in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This shifter was robbing banks to attain money, serving its own greedy needs. Due to this encounter, the feds now know that Dean is still alive and like all real life hunters before him, he is about to face off against the law!


Changing from one thing to another.


Shapeshifting, also known as transformation and transmogrification, is a change in the form or shape of a person, especially a change from human form to animal form or a change in appearance from one person to another.

“Every culture in the world has a shapeshifter lore- legends of creatures who can transform themselves into animals or other men.” Usually, the animal involved in the transformation is indigenous to or prevalent in the area from which the story derives. It is worthy to note that while the popular idea of a shapeshifter is of a human being who turns into something else, there are numerous myths about animals that can transform themselves as well.


A robot that looks and acts like a man. “Part man. Part machine. Like the terminator, the kind who can change itself, turn itself into other people. More like a Mandroid.”




"Part man, part machine. Like the terminator. But the kind that can change itself. Make itself look like other people."

A science fiction film directed by James Cameron, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Edward Furlong and Robert Patrick. Two terminators arrive in Los Angeles, a T-800 (Arnold Shwarzenegger) and a T-1000 (Robert Patrick), one sent to protect and one sent to destroy John Connor (Edward Furlong). The newer sleeker model, played by Robert Patrick is constructed from “liquid metal” and is able to take on the physical form of any solid object of equal size that it samples through touch. It can even copy the voice and appearance of a human being.



Inside the Legend: Houses of the Holy


“Maybe we are hunting an angel here and we should stop! Maybe this is God’s Will!”

In the Bible, angels are a medium of God's power; they exist to execute God's will. Angels reveal themselves to individuals as well as to the whole nation, to announce events, either good or bad, affecting humans.

The angels of the Bible generally appear in the role of God's messengers to mankind. The word Angel comes from the Latin word angelus, which came from the Greek word, angelos, meaning “messenger”. They are His instruments by whom He communicates His will to men, and in Jacob's vision they are depicted as ascending and descending the ladder which stretches from earth to heaven.

The number of angels is enormous. The general conception is the one of Job, “Is there any number of his armies?” The Book of Revelations, gives the number as, "a thousand thousands, and many tens of thousands".

“A lot of scriptures paint angels as God’s warriors. ‘An angel of the lord appeared to them, glory of the lord shown down upon them. And they were terrified.’ Luke 2:9.”

Angels are portrayed as powerful and dreadful, endowed with wisdom and with knowledge of all earthly events, correct in their judgment, holy, but not infallible: they strive against each other, and God has to make peace between them. When their duties are not punitive, angels are beneficent to man.

It is the Fathers’ belief that it is the angels who put into execution God’s law regarding the physical world. Many Old Testament Bible chapters mention an "angry God" who sends His angel to smite the enemies of the Israelites.

In Islam, angels are benevolent beings created from light and do not possess free will. They are completely devoted to the worship of God and carry out certain functions on His command. As such, angels do not eat, procreate or commit sin as humans do. According to the majority of Islamic scholars, angels are incapable of committing sin, and therefore cannot fall from grace.

The distinction of good and bad angels constantly appears in the Bible, but it is instructive to note that there is no sign of any dualism or conflict between two equal principles, one good and the other evil. These evil angels are often referred to as “fallen angels,” angels who had been exiled or banished from Heaven. Often such banishment is a punishment for disobeying or rebelling against God.


In the Hebrew Bible, angels often appear to people in the shape of humans of extraordinary beauty, and often are not immediately recognized as angels. Some fly through the air, some become invisible, sacrifices touched by some are consumed by fire, and some may disappear in sacrificial fire.

They are described as pure and bright as Heaven; consequently, they are said to be formed of fire, and encompassed by light, as the Psalmist said, "He makes winds His messengers, burning fire His ministers."

Although most theologians in the cultures mentioned above would agree that angels are technically genderless. In modern Western culture, some angels are depicted as having female figures, facial features and names, and many New Age practitioners speak of masculine and feminine angels, however in the older traditions, angels had a distinctly masculine tone.

Angels bear drawn swords or other destroying weapons in their hands—one carries an ink-horn by his side—and ride on horses.

Such appearances of angels generally last only so long as the delivery of their message requires, but frequently their mission is prolonged, and they are represented as the constituted guardians of the nations at some particular crisis.


One of the universally feared angels, known and dreaded in every major religion of the world; the angel of death is found all over the earth, throughout all of history, existing as the spiritual embodiment of the great mystery of passing into the next world.

He is the appointed servant of God, with the task of bringing an end-at the appointed time-to the lives of humans.

Perhaps the most vivid of his incarnations was as a horror-inducing angel of fell visage who stands at the head of a dying person with his sword drawn, its tip over the mouth of the poor soul struggling to cling to life. A drop of poison falls from the tip into the mouth of the gasping human, whose struggle in this world is then at an end.


Remember the angels in the film ‘Dogma’ portrayed by Matt Damon and Ben Affleck? Well, those are angels of destruction.

A fearsome type of angel appearing regularly in Jewish writings, the angels of destruction serve two functions. The first is to descend to the earth and inflict terrible suffering upon those among the living who are wicked and in need of punishment. The second is to inflict even worse punishment upon damned souls in hell; in latter roles they act as purifiers.

Over the years there has been question among scholars as to whether the angels of destruction are exceedingly holy or whether they are evil or even whether they are permitted to inflict destruction at the express will of God. Whether they are good or evil, these angels have accomplished some truly epic feats of vengeance or annihilation.

In the forms of avenging angels, they appear regularly in the Old Testament: two angels destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, an angel massacred 70,000 people to punish the pride of King David.


“The archangel Michael, with the flaming sword, the fighter of demons. Holy force against evil.”

The Catholic Church honors Michael with four main titles or offices. He is the Christian angel of death, carrying the souls of all the deceased to heaven, where they are weighed in his perfectly balanced scales (hence Michael is often depicted holding scales). At the hour of death, Michael descends and gives each soul the chance to redeem itself before passing, thus consternating the devil and his minions. Michael is the special patron of the Chosen People in the Old Testament and is guardian of the Church; it was thus not unusual for the angel to be revered by the military orders of knights during the Middle Ages. Last, he is the supreme enemy of Satan and the fallen angels.

Prayer to Saint Michael from the “Moto Propio” of Pope Leo XIII, September 25, 1888:

O Glorious Archangel Saint Michael, Prince of the heavenly host, be our defense in the terrible warfare which we carry on against principalities and powers, against the rulers of this world of darkness, spirits of evil. Come to the aid of man, whom God created immortal, made in His own image and likeness, and redeemed at a great price from the tyranny of the devil. Fight this day the battle of the LORD, together with the holy angels, as already thou hast fought the leader of the proud angels, Lucifer, and his apostate host, who were powerless to resist thee, nor was there place for them any longer in Heaven. That cruel, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil or satan, who seduces the whole world, was cast into the abyss with his angels. Behold, this primeval enemy and slayer of men has taken courage. Transformed into an angel of light, he wanders about with all the multitude of wicked spirits, invading the earth in order to blot out the name of GOD and of His CHRIST, to seize upon, slay and cast into eternal perdition souls destined for the crown of eternal glory. This wicked dragon pours out, as a most impure flood, the venom of his malice on men of depraved mind and corrupt heart, the spirit of lying, of impiety, of blasphemy, and the pestilent breath of impurity, and of every vice and iniquity. These most crafty enemies have filled and inebriated with gall and bitterness the Church, the spouse of the Immaculate Lamb, and have laid impious hands on her most sacred possessions. In the Holy Place itself, where has been set up the See of the most holy Peter and the Chair of Truth for the light of the world, they have raised the throne of their abominable impiety, with the iniquitous design that when the Pastor has been struck, the sheep may be scattered. Arise then, O invincible Prince, bring help against the attacks of the lost spirits to the people of GOD, and give them the victory. They venerate thee as their protector and patron; in thee Holy Church glories as her defense against the malicious power of hell; to thee has GOD entrusted the souls of men to be established in heavenly beatitude. Oh, pray to the GOD of peace that He may put satan under our feet, so far conquered that he may no longer be able to hold men in captivity and harm the Church. Offer our prayers in the sight of the Most High, so that they may quickly conciliate the mercies of the LORD; and beating down the dragon, the ancient serpent, who is the devil and satan, do thou again make him captive in the abyss, that he may no longer seduce the nations. Amen. V. Behold the Cross of the LORD; be scattered ye hostile powers. R. The Lion of the tribe of Judah has conquered, the root of David. V. Let Thy mercies be upon us, O LORD. R. As we have hoped in Thee. V. O LORD, hear my prayer. R. And let my cry come unto Thee. Let us pray. O God, the Father of Our LORD JESUS CHRIST, we call upon Thy Holy Name and as suppliants we implore Thy clemency, that by the intercession of Mary ever Virgin Immaculate and our Mother, and of the glorious Archangel Saint Michael, Thou wouldst deign to help us against satan and all other unclean spirits, who wander about the world for the injury of the human race and the ruin of souls. Amen.


In May 2003, Deanna Lanney believed God ordered her to kill her children. Laney, who is deeply religious had a series of delusions on the day of the killings. She said she saw Aaron with a spear, then throwing a rock, then squeezing a frog and believed God was suggesting she should either stab, stone or strangle her children.

She said she at first resisted, but she felt she had to do what she perceived to be God’s will to prove her faith. A Texas jury found Deanna Laney not guilty by reason of insanity for fatally beating two of her young sons with rocks and seriously injuring the third. She faces commitment to a mental facility for an unspecified amount of time.

In a similar care, Andrea Yates contended that Satan ordered her to kill her five children to save them from eternal damnation.

To put this into context, making things ambiguous for you guys… recall the story of Abraham and his son:


After these events, God tested Abraham, and he said to him, "Abraham," and he said, "I am here." Then he said, "Take now your son, your only son whom you love, Isaac, and go to the region of Moriah and sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on one of the moun¬tains I will tell you [about]. So Abraham rose in the morning, and he saddled his donkey, and he took two of his servants and his son, Isaac, with him, and he cut wood for the burnt offering. Then he rose and set out for the place that God had told to him. Then, on the third day, Abraham lifted his eyes and saw the place in the distance. And Abraham said to his servants, "Stay here with the donkey while I and the boy go over there. Then we will worship and we will come back to you." Then Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and he placed [it] on Isaac, his son, and he carried the fire and the knife in his hands, and the two of them went off together. And Isaac spoke to his father, Abraham, and said, "My father." And he replied, "I am here, my son." And he said, "See the fire and the wood! But where is the lamb for the burnt offering?" And Abraham replied, "God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son." And they went on, the two of them, together. And they reached the place that God had told to him and Abraham built an altar there, and he arranged the wood, and he bound his son Isaac, and he laid him on the altar on top of the wood. Then Abraham reached out his hand and he took the knife to kill his son. But the angel of Yahweh called to him from the heavens and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he replied, "Here I am." And he said, "Lay not your hands on the boy! And do not do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me." And Abraham lifted his eyes and he looked and see! a ram caught in the thicket by his horns! And so Abraham took the ram and he sacrificed him as a burnt offering instead of his son. So Abraham called the name of that place "Yahweh will provide," as it is said to¬day: "on the mountain of Yahweh, it will be provided." And the angel of Yahweh called to Abraham a second time from the heavens, and he said, "I swear by myself, declares Yahweh, that because you did this thing and did not withhold your son, your only son, surely I will bless you and I will increase your descendants to the number of the stars in the skies and the number of sand grains on the shore of the sea, and your descendants shall possess the gates of their enemies, and through your offspring, all the nations of the earth will be blessed because you obeyed my voice.”


Sin is a term used mainly in a religious context to describe an act that violates a moral rule or the state of having committed such a violation. In monotheistic religions, the code of conduct is determined by God. Colloquially, sin is any thought, word, or act considered immoral, shameful, harmful, or alienative might be termed "sinful".

The "Seven Deadly Sins", also known as the "Capital Vices" or "Cardinal Sins", are a classification of vices that were originally used in early Christian teachings to educate and instruct followers concerning (immoral) fallen man's tendency to sin. The Roman Catholic Church divided sin into two principal categories: "venial", which are relatively minor, and could be forgiven through any sacrament of the Church, and the more severe "capital" or "mortal" sins, which, when committed, destroyed the life of grace, and created the threat of eternal damnation unless either absolved through the sacrament of confession, or otherwise forgiven through perfect contrition on the part of the penitent.

The seven deadly sins are:

1. Lust
2. Gluttony
3. Greed
4. Laziness
5. Anger
6. Envy
7. Pride


“Those innocent people are being offered redemption. Some people need redemption.”

A concept referring to forgiveness for absolution for past sins and protection from eternal damnation.


“We’ll summon Gregory’s spirit. We’ll just need a few odds and ends and that séance ritual in Dad’s journal.”

A séance ritual is an attempt to communicate with the dead. The séance or sitting is led by a medium who goes into a trance that theoretically allows the dead to communicate through him or her. “It’s based on early Christian rights.”


“You know what? I get it. You’ve got faith. That’s hey, good for you. I’m sure it makes things easier. I’ll tell you who else had faith like that. Mom. She used to tell me when she tucked me in that angels were watching over us. In fact, I think that was the last thing she ever said to me… She was wrong, there was nothing protecting her. There’s no higher power. There’s no God. There’s just chaos and violence, random unpredictable evil that comes out of nowhere and rips you to shreds. So you want me to believe in this stuff? I’m going to need some hard proof. You got any?“
- Dean Winchester


“She seriously believes she was touched by an angel?”

Touched by an Angel was an American drama/fantasy television series created by John Masius and Martha Williamson that ran on CBS for nine seasons, from September 21st, 1994 to April 27th, 2003, and aired in many countries all around the world. Its premise was based heavily on non-denominational Christian concepts. During its run, it was one of the highest rated shows on CBS and acquired a substantial fan base.

The show usually revolves around a person or group of people that stumble upon a crossroad in their lives, like a big problem or a tough decision. Then angels enter the scene, bringing messages directly from God and helping people in their problems. Monica, the main angel character, is always learning how to assist humans in their needs and questions.

"Roma Downey made him do it."

Roma Downey is an actress and producer best known for her role as Della Reese’s employee, Monica, the main character of the TV series “Touched by an Angel” (1994-2003).


“Since when were you all 700 club?”

The 700 Club is the flagship news talk show of the Christian Broadcasting Network, airing on cable's ABC Family and in syndication throughout the United States and Canada. In production since 1966. The show presents news stories from Robertson's religious and political perspective, often relating stories to passages from the Bible which are generally followed by commentary from the hosts. The style of news reporting on the show has been criticized by many as unfairly biased, allegedly framing stories in a manner said to reflect Robertson's views.


“It’s Wormwood. Plant associated with the dead. Specifically the ones not at rest.”

Artemisia is a large, diverse genus of plants with between 200-400 species belonging to the daisy family Asteraceae. It comprises hardy herbs and shrubs known for their volatile oils. They grow in temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere, usually in dry or semi-dry habitats.

Common names used for several species include wormwood, mugwort, sagebrush and sagewort, while a few species have unique names, notably Tarragon A. dracunculus and Southernwood A. abrotanum. Occasionally some of the species are called sages, causing confusion with the Salvia sages in the family Lamiaceae.


“It’s time to rest, Thomas. To be at peace. Please, let me give your last rites.”

"Last Rites" are only administered to people in immediate danger of death.

The term "Last Rites" refers to three distinct rites: Anointing of the Sick, Penance and Eucharist, the last of which, when administered to the dying, is known as "Viaticum", a word whose original meaning in Latin was "provision for the journey".


“I’ll tell you one thing, the way he died, if I hadn’t seen it with my own two eyes, I never would have believed it… I mean, I don’t know what to call it. Maybe, God’s Will.”

The ending of the episode was purposefully left ambiguous, to spawn controversy and conversation between the fans about their own personal beliefs and what they witnessed in the end of the episode.

Was the rapist’s death divine intervention or a freak accident?

Divine intervention is defined as a miracle, an intervention by God in the universe.

A freak accident is highly unusual and irregular, in other words a coincidence.






Inside the Legend: Born Under A Bad Sign

“Our Dad’s were in California, Devil’s Gate Resevoir setting a trap for some kind of Hellspawn.”


A reservoir adjacent to Oak Grove Park Road on the Pasadena-La Canada Flintridge City boundaries, that was the site of three mysterious disappearances of children. On August 5, 1956, Donald Lee Baker, age 13, and Brenda Howell, age 11, disappeared while riding bicycles near the reservoir. An extensive, months long search, including divers in the reservoir, failed to turn up anything except their bicycles and Brenda’s jacket. On March 23,1957, Tommy Bowman, age 8, disappeared only a few yards from his family while hiking the trail above the reservoir. A thorough week long search by 400 searchers failed to turn up any clues. Three years later, Bruce Kremen, age 6, disappeared just yards from a YMCA camp in the area. Another massive search party failed to uncover any clues to his disappearance. The Devil’s gate itself is a narrow, S-shaped rocky defile perhaps 50 feet deep, at the funnel like convergence of the large mountain runoff field. Historically certain groups associated with the “black arts” have shown considerable interest in this area.



A Hellspawn is a fictitious creature from the popular comic book Spawn. The main character in the series, Spawn, is himself a Hellspawn. The Hellspawn are controlled by Mabolgia, the supreme master of Hell, and are mainly used as an officer corps for his army of hell. Most Hellspawns were once human, but were tricked into making a bargain with Balebogia after arriving in Hell. He would agree to return them to Earth, if they promise to return later on and become a Lieutenant in his army of Hell.

“Getting any Goosebumps yet? Any God this looks familiar Déjà vu vibes?”


The term "déjà vu" describes the experience of feeling that one has witnessed or experienced a new situation previously. The experience of déjà vu is usually accompanied by a compelling sense of familiarity, and also a sense of "eeriness", "strangeness", or "weirdness". The "previous" experience is most frequently attributed to a dream, although in some cases there is a firm sense that the experience "genuinely happened" in the past. Déjà vu has been described as "Remembering the future."

The experience of déjà vu seems to be very common; in formal studies 70% or more of the population report having experienced it at least once. References to the experience of déjà vu are also found in literature of the past, indicating it is not a new phenomenon. It has been extremely difficult to invoke the déjà vu experience in laboratory settings, therefore making it a subject of few empirical studies. Recently, researchers have found ways to recreate this sensation using "hypnosis".

In recent years, déjà vu has been subjected to serious psychological and neurophysiologic research. The most likely explanation of déjà vu is that it is not an act of "precognition" or "prophecy", but rather an anomaly of memory; it is the impression that an experience is "being recalled". This explanation is substantiated by the fact that the sense of "recollection" at the time is strong in most cases, but that the circumstances of the "previous" experience (when, where and how the earlier experience occurred) are quite uncertain. Likewise, as time passes, subjects can exhibit a strong recollection of having the "unsettling" experience of déjà vu itself, but little to no recollection of the specifics of the event(s) or circumstance(s) they were "remembering" when they had the déjà vu experience. In particular, this may result from an overlap between the neurological systems responsible for short-term memory (events which are perceived as being in the present) and those responsible for long-term memory (events which are perceived as being in the past). Many theorists believe that the memory anomaly occurs when one's conscious mind has a slight delay in receiving perceptive input. In other words, the unconscious mind perceives current surroundings before the conscious mind does. This causes one's conscious self to perceive something that is already in one's memory, even though it was in one's memory only a split second before it was perceived.

Others believe déjà vu is the memory of dreams. Though the majority of dreams are never remembered, a dreaming person can display activity in the areas of the brain that process long-term memory. It has been speculated that dreams read directly into long-term memory, bypassing short-term memory entirely. In this case, déjà vu might be a memory of a forgotten dream with elements in common with the current waking experience. This may be similar to another phenomenon known as déjà rêvé, or "already dreamed."


Amnesia is a what doctors call a loss or disturbance of memory. The condition can have various causes. The causes can be organic or functional.

Damage to the brain, or the use of certain drugs can cause amnesia. Some of these drugs are sedatives. Another well known cause for amnesia can be drinking too much alcohol.

Functional causes generally do not have a directly visible cause. Rather they are psychological in their nature. People may want to shield off a traumatic event they witnessed.


In medicine, the word Blackout is a form of amnesia. The amnesia may be complete or partial. Such an amnesia can be provoked by stress, alcohol, the interruption of the supply of oxygen or blood to the brain, injuries to the brain, and various illnesses. After the cause is gone, usually full mental powers are restored. There may be a blank in memory though.

Other Terminology:


“It’s like a lock! He’s locked himself inside Sam’s body!”

A binding link is a mark burned into the possessed body by the possessor in order to lock itself inside of the body. This binding link blocks exorcism rituals, allowing the possessor to remain inside of the possessed body. The only way to break a binding link is through scorching it, creating an opening in the link and thus breaking the bind between possessor and the possessed.







“Hell is like uh… well, it’s like hell. Even for demons. It’s a prison made of bone, and flesh, and blood, and fear.”


"Charms, they'll fend off possession. That demon's still out there, this will stop it from getting back up in yah."

An object intended to bring good luck and/or protector for its owner.



“Either this guy’s a unibomber or a hunter.”

Theodore John "Ted" Kaczynski , also known as the Unabomber, is an American anarchist best known for his campaign of mail bombings. Kaczynski became infamous for having sent bombs to several universities and airlines from the late 1970s through early 1990s, killing three and wounding 23.

Kaczynski's moniker as the Unabomber developed as a result of an FBI codename. Before his real identity was known, the FBI used the handle "UNABOM" ("university and airline bomber"), which resulted in variants such as Unabomer, Unibomber, and Unabomber when the media started using the name.



Inside the Legend: Tall Tales

“Just your typical haunted campus, alien abduction, alligator in the sewer gig. Yeah, sure, it’s simple.”


“Just because he reads the ‘Weekly World News’ doesn’t make him our guy.”

The Weekly World News (WWN) is a mock tabloid newspaper published by American Media Inc. Its editor in chief is Jeff Rovin. It combines wire reports of strange news with in-house writings and columns, all fictional. There was also a short lived TV version on the USA Network in the style of network news shows and the company just released a compilation anthology called Batboy Lives! by David Perel and the Editors.

Launched in 1979, the WWN has traditionally claimed it always prints the truth (typical slogan: "Nothing but the truth: The Weekly World News!"). Based on the headlines, however, it seems many stories are intended as jokes. Seeming to confirm this, Batboy Lives!' semi-serious introduction admits that while Reader A reads the tabloid for real news, Reader B will read it for laughs. It should be noted that while the tabloid's main rival The Sun carried a fine print disclaimer, the WWN never publicly questioned the accuracy of its own stories until 2004, when the paper began stating that "the reader should suspend disbelief for the sake of enjoyment". In recent years, The Sun has moved more toward articles on health, miracle cures, and strange-but-true stories, leaving the WWN alone in its unique niche of basing an entire weekly publication on made-up "news".


“There was a campus legend that Crawford Hall, the building Professor Cox fell from, was haunted. Some of the students believe a female student committed suicide there, jumped from room 669. And now she haunts the building."

Colleges are one of the key areas for a haunting. One of the believed reasons for this is the tragedy and drama that surrounds your typical campus setting; some students feeling an overwhelming sense of depression as well as reported suicides.

Below I have collected a variety of sites about haunted campuses and the possible reasons why this is one of the most targeted places for a haunting. Plus other interesting haunted college information, for example did you know 'Crawford Hall' is an actually haunted hall in Ohio University?!


“I blacked out and, and I lost time and when I woke up. I didn’t know where I was. They tests on me and they probed me. And they made me slow dance.”

While aliens may not come for a slow dance, half of the population believe in their existence. Shows and movies have been made due to this fascination in extraterrestrial life forms, the most famous show probably being ‘The X-Files.’

Area 51, the Roswell Incident, and the Alien Autopsy of 1947. All an elaborate hoax? Or is the truth out there? That’s for you decide.


“Well, Dean it’s a classic urban legend. A kid flushes a baby alligator down the toilet and it grows huge in the tunnels.”

It was once a fad among New Yorkers returning home from Florida vacations to bring back baby alligators for their children to raise as pets. The baby crocs were destined to grow and outlive their cuteness, of course, at which point their chagrined owners would resort to flushing them down the toilet in order to get rid of them.

As the story goes, a few of these hastily disposed-of creatures actually survived in the dank Manhattan sewer system and proceeded to breed with one another, resulting in scattered colonies of full-grown alligators deep beneath the streets of New York City. Some say the animals are blind and albino, having lost their eyesight and the pigment in their hides due to the constant darkness in which they dwell.


Okay, maybe it is just an urban legend that there are alligators in the sewers… but, what about giant alligators? Scary enough, they exist… just look at the picture to you right.



The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (sometimes written as The Texas Chainsaw Massacre) is an independent low-budget influential horror film made in 1973 (released in 1974) by director Tobe Hooper. It concerns a family in rural Texas, who abduct customers from their gas station and those unlucky to stumble upon their house. Produced on a budget of just over USD$83,000, the film grossed $30,859,000 at the U.S. box office, making it one of the most successful independent films in cinema history, along with Halloween (1978) and The Blair Witch Project (1999).

It is often considered a prototype of the slasher film sub-genre. Despite its grisly and unsettling subject matter, the film—like John Carpenter's Halloween (1978)—does not rely so much on explicit gore to generate terror in the audience as it does on pacing, suspense, the deserted location, and dramatic tension. Its sequels and the imitations it has spawned have been much bloodier and more graphic. The movie is also known for experimenting with scenes shot in daylight, something that was rarely done before in horror movies. Tobe Hooper originally wanted an MPAA "PG" rating for The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (there was no "PG-13" at the time). The MPAA Ratings board insisted on the "R" rating due to what was implied both on and offscreen. Problems with the rating also arose in the sequel.

The documentary feel has helped with the film’s success. The film opened to large amount of controversy, but despite this, it became a smash hit in the United States. The film is also considered the progenitor of the genre, predating Halloween, Friday the 13th and A Nightmare on Elm Street. It has received much praise from critics, mainly because its gritty and unsettling background that made it seem real. The Museum of Modern Art purchased a print of the film for its permanent collection. Critics have called it one of the scariest movies ever made.

The film, like the films Psycho, Deranged, and The Silence of the Lambs, was loosely inspired by Ed Gein. Gein did wear human skin, but he acted alone and did not use a chainsaw. Although the film's opening would have one believe that the events are factual, it is merely a scare tactic, called the false document technique, to frighten the audience. The movie was filmed from 15 July 1973 - 14 August 1973, while the opening narrative claims that the events took place on 18 August 1973, so it would be impossible for the film to be based on actual events which had not happened at the time of filming. Libraries in Burkburnett, Texas and nearby Wichita Falls regularly receive requests for copies of newspaper articles related to the false actual events



“You’ve got a Trickster on your hands. These things create chaos and mischief as easy as breathing. They’re Demigods, there’s Loki in Scandinavia there’s Anansi in West Africa, dozens of them. They’re immortal and they create things out of thin air. Things as real as you and me and make them vanish just as quick. Tricksters target the high and the mighty, knock them down peg usually with a sense of humor. Deadly pranks, things like that.”

The trickster’s metabolism is such that it craves sugary treats and consumes calories voraciously. To kill a Trickster one must obtain a stake dipped in the blood of its victim and plunge it into the creature’s heart.

"The only way to get 'em is a wooden stake, straight to the heart.”


A famous Trickster, Anansi begged his father to be named King of All Stories. His father the Sky God, agreed provided Anansi perform a series of Herculean tasks including catching the Jaguar with Teeth Like Daggers, The Hornets who Sting Like Fire, and the Fairy Whom Men Never See. Anansi uses his Trickster power and a series of mind games to earn his title. He survives to this day, unfound due to his ability to assume the guise of a chameleon or spider.


A regular at Valhalla, home of the Norse gods, Loki was not a god but a particularly mischievous Trickster. Blood-brother to Odin, King of the Gods, Loki usually escaped serious retribution from the wildly cunning exploits. Often, however, the gods required he right his vicious pranks, including the theft of Idunn’s Golden Apples of Immortality. Like his West African counterpart Anansi, Loki possessed the ability to assume the form of voracious animals


“You aught to give those Purple Nurples a shot.”

Want to make your own Purple Nurple? Well, here’s your shot. I’ve got the ingredients, but guys, please remember that drinking alcohol in the US under the age of 21 is illegal. So, now that I got the “public address” out of the way, here are the ingredients and directions:

1 oz Malibu coconut rum
1 oz Triple see
½ oz Blue Curacao liqueur
2 oz Cranberry juice

Combine all ingredients in a cocktail shaker with ice. Shake and strain into an old-fashioned glass, and serve.



Inside the Legend: Roadkill


“Spirits like Greeley are like wounded animals. Lost in so much pain, that they lash out. There’s some part of him that’s keeping him here. Like their remains or they’re unfinished business: could be revenge, could be love, or hate… whatever it is, they just hold on too tight. Can’t let go. So they’re trapped, caught in the same loops, replaying the same tragedies over and over. They’re not evil people, a lot of them were good- just something happened to them, something they couldn’t control."


An overpass on 1-4 just north of Orlando at the St. John’s River in Seminole Country. It is known as the “Dead Zone” because of four graves beneath the highway.

The history of this area goes back to 1887 when a yellow fever epidemic hit a small Roman Catholic colony killing four members of one of it’s families. With their priest dead, there was no one to administer last rites and they were buried without ceremony in four graves. In 1905, Albert Hawkins bought the land and cleared it for farming. He found the four graves and in respect for the dead, Hawkins farmed around the little cemetery which sat in the middle of a field like an island. The area became known as the Field of the Dead and was for many years a well-kept secret by the local community. When Hawkins died in 1939 his widow continued to own the land until 1960 when it was purchased by the state for the building of Interstate-4. The little cemetery was identified to the State surveyors but the graves were the not removed and were soon covered up with fill dirt to elevate the new highway. At the exact time that the fill dirt was dumped on the site, Hurricane Donna crosses the state, the eye of this strange storm passed right over the grave. The fury and flooding caused by Hurricane Donna disrupted highway construction for several months. Not only was Donna the worst storm to hit the interior of Central Florida from the Atlantic and appeared to be heading westward into the Gulf of Mexico- then it took a strange and eerie turn, and basically followed the right-of-way of Interstate four through Central Florida with the eye passing over the graves about midnight. The storm exited into the Atlantic near Ormand Beach. Many people believe that the strange maneuver of Hurricane Donna was caused by the highway construction tampering with the dead.

Witnesses have said that their cell phones pick up strange voices at the south end of the Interstate-4 bridge in Seminole County. One woman reports that if she is talking with someone on the phone, the conversation is interrupted by what she believes to be “the voices of the dead.” This section is also infamous for an extremely high number of accidents, reports of ghosts hitch-hikers, static on car radios and cell phones. Also reported are stirrings of white mist and balls of light as you pass through this section of the interstate.


“Sammy always gets a little J. Love Hewitt when it gets to stuff like this.”

Plays Melinda Gordon, a young woman who can communicate with the earthbound spirits of the dead in the CBS show “Ghost Whisperer.”


“Let’s go Haley Joel.”

Most famously known for his role of the young boy in M. Nigh Shyamalan’s “The Sixth Sense” that can “see dead people.”


Eric Burden covered this song and took it to newfound popularity in 1964 with his British rock group, “The Animals.”



Inside the Legend: Heart


A person who shapeshifts into a wolf or wolflike creature, either by using magic, or after being placed under a curse. The idea of transforming during the appearance of the full moon was an idea that was picked by fiction writers. In popular culture, a werewolf can be killed if shot by a silver bullet, although this was not a feature of the folk legends. The name most likely derives from Old English “wet” and “wulf.”

The first part, “wer”, translates as “man.” The second half, “wulf,” is the ancestor of “wolf.” An alternative derivation of the word has the first part coming from Old English “weri” (to wear), making the full form in this case: “wearer of wolf skin.”

Historical legends describe a wide variety of methods for becoming a werewolf, such as the removal of clothing and putting on a belt made of wolfskin, rubbing the body with a magic salve, drinking water out of the footprint of the animal in question, and drinking from certain enhanced streams. According to Russian lore, a child born on December 24th becomes a werewolf. Folklore and literature also depicts that a werewolf can be spawned from two werewolf parents. Becoming a werewolf by being bitten by another werewolf is common in modern fiction, but rate in legend, in which werewolf attacks seldom left the victim alive long enough to transform.


A horror novel written by Stephen King, in which a woman and her four-year-old son are terrorized by a rabid St. Bernard named Cujo. The novel was adapted into a film in 1983. The name “Cujo” is frequently used in popular culture as a generic term in reference to a psychotic, violent, or imbalanced dog.


A fictional character on the soap operate ‘All My Children.’

The character was played by Sarah Michelle Geller from 1993-1995 and now has been played by Alicia Minsew since 2002. She is the biological daughter of Erica Kane (Susan Lucci).


“Like a really hot Incredible Hulk.”

One of Marvel Comics’ most recognized superhero characters created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.


The ability or power of a human to transform into a wolf. There is also a mental illness called lycanthropy in which a patient believes he or she is, or has transformed into, an animal and behaves accordingly.



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